Giuseppe Verdi

Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (* 9. October or 10. October 1813 in Le Roncole with Parma; † 27. January 1901 in Milan), was an Italian composer.

Giuseppe Verdi (1886 haven-guess/advise from Giovanni Boldini,)

whetherVerdi to 9. October or to 10. October was born, is not not completely clear. In the baptismal register became at the 11. October registered, it is born as a son of a restaurant operator/barkeeper and his Mrs. Lucia in the previous evening (infantem natum heri vesperehora octava). Verdi saw however to the 9. October as its birthday on. Since one counted in former times the days from sunset to sunset, also this interpretation of the entry is in the baptizing book possible.

Table of contents



  • 1823 Verdi its music-reasonable Mäzens becomes, of the due to the supportBuyer Antonio Barezzi to Busseto, taken up to the there High School.
  • Represents 1824 Verdi the village organists in the church - first music teacher Ferdinando Provesi in Busseto.
  • 1834 Verdi organist in Busseto musical
  • training in Milan with Vincenzo Lavigna becomes
  • 1836Marriage, with the buyer daughter Margherita Barezzi in Busseto - two children die shortly thereafter in each case after the birth
  • 1839 after a failed Erstling become its opera “Oberto, conte di St. Bonifacio " with success specified in the citizens of Milan Scala.
  • 1840 death1840 to
  • 1862 the works specified down follow its Mrs of 1842 at the citizens of Milan
  • Scala succeed to it with the choir of the caught Jews (“Va, pensiero, sull'ali dorate”) in the Austrian occupied Lombardei a political hit in nearly annual rhythm:the liberty and independence will of all Italians second marriage with
  • the singer Giuseppina Strepponi (* 1815) finds a musical expression 1859, which it could do since 1839.
  • 1855 to 13. June premiere of the opera “Le Vepres of siciliennes” (those ordered for the world exhibitionSicilian Vesper) in Paris, Academie royale de Musique
  • 1862 and 1862 journeys to Russia
  • 1867 “Don Carlo”
  • 1871 “Aida”
  • 1873 caper quartet in e-Moll
  • 1874 Messa di Requiem (to the first day of death of the poet Alessandro Manzoni)
  • 1887 “Otello”
  • 1891 “Falstaff”
  • 1897Giuseppina Strepponi Verdi dies
  • 1899 in Milan the “Casa di Riposo by Musicisti” (home for the elderly for musicians), this donation (“Casa Verdi”), after 10-year old preparations is finished.
  • 1901 to 21. January impact accumulation; to 27. January dies Verdi 87-jährig at 2.50 o'clock in Milan.State mourning in united Italy. Buried ebenda.


apart from its musical manipulation it engaged also politically and socially, it took itself moves portion of the Italian liberty movement. In the year 1859, at present the liberation struggle against the Austrian foreign rulein north Italy, its name was used on the roads as political combat call: V.E.R.D.I., those are the initial letters of: Vittorio Emanuele RH D'Italia. Vittorio Emanuele II. at this time king of the Kingdom of Piemont Sardinien was and should 1860 then also firstKing of the again-created Kingdom of Italy become.

This musical gift was noticeable early and it still received in its place of residence first musical instruction. “Antonio Barezzi” financed it the training (private instruction with Vincenzo Lavigna). Barezzis daughter Margherita became this firstWoman.

This first opera was Oberto, Conte di San Bonifacio. In the following years it wrote for its living costs first in rapid consequence operas. To the break-through it came by its opera Nabucodonosor (late Nabucco called). The Abigaille of the premiere, Giuseppina Strepponi (1815 - 1897), became later - after the death of Margherita Barezzi and both children - its life companion. This connection encountered particularly in Busseto substantial resistance. Only many years later decided Verdito marry and Strepponi.

In the review the three operas Rigoletto , IL trovatore and La apply traviata (so-called. “trilogia popolare”) as an important high point into this work and a break-through of an music-aesthetic conception, itself for the first time in the realism the Macbeth announces.

After Don Carlo Verdi withdrew itself first from composing. It had invested and was meanwhile financially independent its fees consistently into its Landgut Sant'Agata.

In November 1869 the Kairoer opera house was inaugurated (with this Rigoletto) and fewDays later the Suez channel opens. The Egyptian viceroy Ismail pasha wished itself for the following season a new opera of Verdi for his opera house. But only in June 1870 Verdi agreed. Aida is thus neither for the opening of theKairoer of opera house still composed for those of the Suez channel.

After the completion of its Requiems for the memory of the poet Alessandro Manzoni he withdrew himself to his Landgut, disappointed of being missing a thorough social progress into Italy. Still developed nevertheless inlater years, after he had dedicated himself to the re-writing of older operas, in co-operation with its friend and dear savingists Arrigo Boito the two works Otello (1887) and Falstaff (1893).

1872 became Verdi, to which as a patriotic composer was considered, the senator of the Kingdom of Italy appointed.

Toward end of its life Giuseppe Verdi in Milan established a home for the elderly for former musicians. To the question, which according to its opinion its best work is probably, it is to have answered: “The home for the elderly in Milan” (and not operaslike Aida, Otello or Rigoletto, as one would assume). The institution today still radiates as important social work for stage-creative on completely Europe.

Further became due to its illness and as indications of the respect opposite the large master,the roads before this house with straw laid out, in order to produce as little noise as possible and to let the already old man die in peace.


this operas impress by their dramatic composition. It appliesas Reformator of the Italian opera. Its Requiem (1874) is close to the opera compositions much. That applies also to its long time of unconsidered art songs, which partially only 1993 in Osnabrück were uraufgeführt.


  • Oberto,Milan 1839
  • Un giorno regno (one day king), Milan 1840
  • Nabucco, Milan 1842
  • I Lombardi alla great crociata (the Lombarden), Milan 1843
  • Ernani, 1844
  • I due Foscari (the two Foscari), Rome 1844
  • Giovanna d'Arco (Jeanne d'Arc), 1845
  • Alzira, Rome 1845
  • Attila, Venice 1846
  • Macbeth, Florenz 1847, revised version 1865
  • I Masnadieri (the robbers), London 1847
  • Jerusalem (treatment of the Lombarden), of Paris 1847
  • IL Corsaro (the Korsar), Triest 1848
  • La Battaglia di Legnano (the battle of putting nano),Rome 1849
  • Luisa Miller, 1849
  • Stiffelio, Triest 1850
  • Rigoletto, Venice 1851
  • IL trovatore, Rome 1853
  • La traviata, Venice 1853
  • Les of vêpres siciliennes and/or. I vespri siciliani, 1855
  • Aroldo, Rimini 1857
  • Simon Boccanegra,1857, revised version 1881
  • Un ballo in maschera, Rome 1859 (Maskenball, 3 versions))
  • La forza del destino, pc. Petersburg 1862, revised version 1869
  • Don Carlo, Paris 1867 (for those Paris opera, therefore on French), several times reworked
  • Aida, Cairo1871
  • Otello, 1887
  • Falstaff, 1893

of clergyman music

  • Messa by Rossini, 1869 (with twelve further composers), postum off.
  • Messa there requiem („Manzoni Requiem “), 1874
  • Pater more noster for fünfstimmigen choir, 1880
  • Ave Maria for Sopran and caper quartet,1880
  • Quattro pezzi sacri (four of religious of pieces) for choir and orchestra, 1898
  • Ave Maria for vierstimmigen choir A cappella
  • Messa Solenne (Messa di Gloria) , 1833

chamber music

  • six romances for Singstimme and piano, 1838
  • L'esule (the banished one)for a Singstimme and a piano, 1839
  • La seduzione (the seduction) for a Singstimme and a piano, 1839
  • Notturno Vokaltrio, 1839
  • album with six romances for a Singstimme and a piano, 1845
  • IL poveretto (the beggar) romance for a Singstimme and a piano, 1847
  • La preghiera del poeta, 1858
  • IL Brigidin, 1863
  • Stornello for a Singstimme and a piano, 1869
  • caper quartet e-moll, 1873
  • Pietà Signor, 1894


  • Suona la tromba (it schallt the trumpet), 1848
  • Inno depression Nazioni(Hymn of the peoples) Kantate to the world exhibition London for a high solo voice, choir and an orchestra, 1862

the “Casa Verdi” in Milan

the “Casa Verdi” in Milan is the old people's home for approx., donated by Verdi. 60 musicians and opera singers.Giuseppe Verdi is bestattet with its second wife in the crypt of the home. (ital. Designation:La Casa di Riposo by Musicisti, to the Piazza Buonarroti)


  • Budden, Julian: Verdi. Life and work, Stuttgart 1987, 2000
  • Meier, Barbara: Giuseppe Verdi in self certifications and picture documents, Rowohlt paperback publishing house, 2000, ISBN 3-499-50593-2
  • moon throw, George: Giuseppe Verdi and the aesthetics of release, Frankfurt/Main, 2002
  • Schwandt, Christoph: Verdi. A biography, a Frankfurt/Main and a Leipzig, 2000
  • Werfel, Franz: Verdi. Novel of the opera.

Web on the left of

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| | * Literature of and over Giuseppe Verdi in the catalog of the DDB



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