Glasnost (Russian гла́сность Tondokument ? / License; too German openness, transparency, uninformativeness) designates in March 1985 the policy of a larger transparency and openness of the government inserted by Mikhail Gorbatschow in the Soviet Union in relation to the population.

Glasnost made one possibleextensive liberty of opinion and talking within the Soviet Union. Gorbachev intended to release by Glasnost a critical public discussion over the crisisful Soviet economy and to create so a large acceptance for the 1987 introduced reform politics Perestroika.

The keyword “Glasnost” comesfrom that 19. Century of Reformzar Alexander II., which had introduced the public of the court hearings at that time with the term.

a critical reporting made effects Glasnost for the media possible over political and social events. The sharp debates inVolksdeputiertenkongress transferred the television live and kindled so a storm of the Entrüstung in the public in view of the published truth about the true situation of the country or falsified production statistics. In the thunderstorm of finally fearless discussions the old regime broke in later asHouse of cards in itself together.

The moreover one former dissident became, like z. B. the physicist Andrei Sakharov, from the prisons released or their banishing from the Soviet Union waived. Peaceful demonstrations without a restrictive intervention on the part of the police became possible. ThoseChurches, which were patronized before and suppressed by the atheistischen Soviet state, were again action-free.

In this way Glasnost made a large contribution for the democratization of the Soviet Union and the entire Eastern Bloc, those in its extent and its development so not ofGorbachev was intended. It wanted to festgefahrenen conditions in the Soviet Union by Glasnost and Perestroika from, solve stalinistischen structures, over with an improved policy among other things to bring the desolate economic situation in the Soviet Union preceding endorser. Gorbachev did not consider however,the fact that the tendency in the entire Eastern Bloc began already too köcheln and so worked the reforms as trip, which let the Soviet supremacy wanken there and finally break down.

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