Glaubensbekenntnis

a Glaubensbekenntnis is in a religion a public expression of the personal and collective faith, to which profess themselves to that or the speakers.

A Glaubensbekenntnis has different functions:

  • It is acknowledgment and expression of the community, those by this faithis given (e.g. with the common Rezitieren in the context of a service).
  • It summarizes its faith teachings into the substantial points.
  • It contains a self obligation, after this faith to live (e.g. with the surgery of a church office-holder).
  • It marks the centralFaith contents, which define a religion or a conviction against other religions or denominations.
  • It indicates the direction, into these faith contents, in holy writings to be often stated, understood (to be supposed).
  • It can in certain combat situations for the expression of the ultimative decision forown, against the faith the different one become.

The word Glaubensbekenntnis is a translation of Philipp of Zesen from the word denomination.

Table of contents

Judentum

express admitting of the own faith before God and the peopleful municipality is central in the Judentum since his beginnings. An old Biblical Credo of Israel reads:

„A around-pulling Aramäerwas my father; it pulled to Egypt down and was there as Fremdling with few members; there but it became a large, strong and numerous people. But the Egyptians abused us; they tormented us and puthard Frondienst up. There we cried to the God of our fathers to Jahwe. Jahwe erhörte our calling and saw our agony, our Mühsal and distress. And Jahwe carried us out with strong hand and stretched arm, with large, fear-exciting acts,Indication and miracles. It brought us to this place and gave us this country; a country, which runs off with milk and honey. “ (5. Mose 26.5-9)

The confession to the liberating historical acts of God became the common faith of Israel, that the 12Hebrew trunks to the chosen people of God einte, only one God knew and admired (Josua 24, 18). A majority of the Biblical historical excessive quantity has therefore a confession character and contains Credo well-behaved texts.

The Schma Jisrael “(hear, Israel) became the most importantGlaubensbekenntnis of this people, who owes its existence to the release acts Jahwes in history:

„Hear, Israel, Jahwe is our God, Jahwe alone! And you are Jahwe, your God, love from whole heart, from whole soul and with all your Kraft. “(5.Mose 6, 4-5).

This confession contains the promise of the federation of God with its people as address to the met municipality first: „Jahwe is our God! “, then all people members the seizing requirement: „And you are… “thereby answer the confession to thatfirst of the ten requirements, which read:

„I am Jahwe, your God, which led you from Egypt, from the slavery. You are not to have other Gods beside me. “ (2. Mose 20,2f/5. Mose 5,6f)

This special, joint and concentratedAnswer of the faith to the only God, which reveals itself to its people, left the Judentum to the Christianity and the Islam „“.

Christianity

new will

in the new will takes over Jesus Christ expressly Israeli tables Schma Jisrael as its own Credo, already in the shape, in which it is gebetet in the Judentum until today: by placing the requirement of the next love to the first requirement of the God love with equal standing to the side (Markus 12, 29-31). Thusthe God of Israel is also for all Christians the only God, which they have to love with all Kraft as itself. , Praying and following admit are in the Christian as in the Jewish faith one.

The urchristliche confession to this Godas review up and praise price of its saving acts is likewise announced:

„God up-aroused this Jesus; but we are all witnesses! … Thus now the whole house Israel knows certainly that God this Jesus, which you gekreuzigt to the Kyriosand Christ made. “ (Apostelgeschichte 2, 14-36)

with it the name of the only God (Hebrew „Jahwe “= Greek „Kyrios “) was transferred to this Galiläer, God son. Thus the Christianity retained, on the other hand the faith of the Judentums on the one hand on JesusChrist referred and concentrates. Thus the urchristliche Credo marks the connection and distinction to the Judentum at the same time.

The prototype of all neutestamentlichen Glaubensbekenntnisse reads: Jesus (Christ) is Mr. (Jahwe)!.

One of the oldest Christian summaries of the Christian faith teachings is with Paulusin the first Korintherbrief 15,3ff:

„Above all I delivered you, which also I received: Christ is for our sins died in accordance with the writing, and was buried. It was up-aroused on the third day, in accordance with the writing, andappeared to the Kephas, then the twelve. “

oldchurch confessions

from the second century are well-known already baptizing confessions. From this developed itself in the western tradition the old-Roman and the Apostoli Glaubensbekenntnis in Latin language, in the eastern traditiondifferent griechischsprachige variants, from which then 325 that came out Nizäni Glaubensbekenntnis and 381 the Nicäno Konstantinopolitanum.

The Nicäno Konstantinopolitanum is accepted of practically all Christian traditions as obligatory Credo, the apostolische Glaubensbekenntnis of practically all western traditions.

A further in the westernChurches wide-spread confession is today e.g. the Athanasiani Glaubensbekenntnis, that. in the Evangelist church in the Rhine country beside Apostolicum and Nicaeno Constantinopolitaneum to the three fundamental confessions belongs.

Konfessionelle confession writings and Katechismen

apart from the Glaubensbekenntnissen for thatthere still confessions of different denominations, which are rather in form of dogmatischer theorems calm and delivered, is God-official use: e.g. the Evangelist Confessio Augustana of the Lutheraner, which second Helveti confession and the Heidelberger Katechismus of the reformed ones, the confession writing BarmerTheological explanation of the admitting church, the Westminster Confession of the Puritaner, „the account of the faith “ of the federation of Evangelist-freechurch municipalities in Germany, the Glaubensbekenntnis of the Baptisten of Johann Ludwig Hinrichs 1840 (see illustration).

After Evangelist understanding Glaubensbekenntnisse become as guidelinesthe faith norma normata (standard =normierte) understood. That means: They are obligatory, are however even through something else standardized, i.e. by the Bible as norma standard to (=normierende standard). They can legitimize themselves thus only by the fact that them of thatSelf- notice of the Bible covered are and these retain.

see also

Christian Glaubensbekenntnisse, confessions of the Täufer, Baptisti confessions, Neuapostoli Glaubensbekenntnis, Katechismus, dogma TIC, faith, church

to literature

  • Günter Lanczkowski, ErhardS. Gerstenberger, ashtray Finkel, Klaus Wengst among other things:Glaubensbekenntnis (SE) I. Religion-historically II. Old will III. Judentum IV. New will V. Old church VI. The Middle Ages VII. Reformation time to 17. Century VIII. 18. Century to modern times IX. Dogma table X. Practical-theologically. In: Theological material encyclopedia 13 (1984), S. 384-446 (comprehensive overview with further Lit.)

Web on the left of

Islam

the Islam knows the Schahada as Glaubensbekenntnis,their central thesis in approximately is called on German: „There is no divinity except Allah. Muhammad is the envoy and servant Allahs. “

 

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