Goma is a large city in the east of the democratic Republic of the Congo and the capital of the province north Kivu. The city is appropriate for East Africa niches between the volcano Nyiragongo in the north and the banks of the Kivusees in the south in the Grabenbruch (Central African ditch).

During the civil war in Rwanda 1994 Goma was one of the principal purposes of the refugees. After by means of one million refugees had reached the city, a Cholera broke - epidemic disease off in the camps, which demanded several thousand victims. In the years 1997 and 1998, when the civil war in Zaire escalated after the fall of president Mobutu Sese Seko, Rwandese government troops conquered Goma. In the course of the pursuit of Hutus, which had looked for refuge in the city, they killed also hundreds indifferent ones.

In the year 2002 the city was destroyed by a lava stream, which came from the Nyiragongo, to large parts. Many buildings, straight in the city centre, as well as the airport were concerned. Those approximately 250,000 inhabitants of the city had to flee. There were 147 victims, many refugees remained shelterless.

Coordinates: 1° 40 ' 30 " S 29° 13 ' 30 " E


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