Gordon Drummond

Sir Gordon Drummond G.C.B. (* 27. September 1772 in Québec, Canada; † (10. October 1854 in London, England) was a British officer and Kolonialadminstrator in Canada


Gordon Drummond as a fifth and youngest son of Colin Drummond OF Megginch and Catherine Oliphant OF Rossie in Quebec was born. Its father originating from an old Scottish family was there a representative of a Londoner company, paymaster of the Royal Army in the province Québec and member of the legislative advice of Niederkanada. After the father had died 1776, the family returned 1780 to Great Britain .

1789 stepped Gordon Drummond as a wo1 into the 1. Infantry regiment of the Royal Army, where it ascended by - at that time usual - the purchase of officer patents rapidly. 1791 he was already a second lieutenant, 1792 captain. 1794 it reached the rank of a major, in the same year still a lieutenant colonel. Colonels became it 1798. Its first combat missions experienced he 1794 - 1795 in Holland, where he was characterised during the FE storage of Nimwegen. it served 1801 as a regiment commander during the back conquest of Egypt from the Frenchmen

to garrison service in the Mediterranean area received Drummond 1804 the transport for the Brigadier General and a transfer to Great Britain, where it ascended in the coming year to the major general. He spent two years as a deputy military commander on Jamaica and came 1808 in the staff of Sir James Henry Craig, the commander in chief of the British armed forces into North America, back to its place of birth. it moved up 1811 to the lieutenant general and held in the same year up to the service start of the new governor Sir George Prevost kommissarisch the supreme command in Canada, until one shifted it in October to Ireland.

From there out it was shifted in August 1813 back to Canada, where the war of 1812 with the USA had broken out. Drummond loosened due to the discontent the major general Roger abgelösen with its defensive war guidance of governor general Prevost resounds to Sheaffe and/or. its kommissarischen successor Francis de Rottenburg as Commanders-in-Chief in upper Canada off. With a raid on the Niagara - forced peninsula it in December the Americans to the retreat from the British border fortress conquered in the summer away George and the Grenzstadt Newark (today Niagara on the Lake). Subsequently, it initiated to 19. Decembers a successful surprise attack on away Niagara, with which this important American border fortress conquers, were imprisoned taken 344 Americans and large supplies were captured. With further raids over the Niagara River destroyed the British several US localities and defeated with Buffalo an opposing Miliztruppe. As administrator of upper Canada Drummond implemented strict measures in February 1814 in the province parliament against sympathizers of the Americans and imposed due to the bad supply situation in April 1814 against the will of the legislative advice and Prevosts the martial law, in order to be able to force supplies by the Farmer. However it made sure that the concerning fair prices were paid and abuses were prevented.

In its efforts toward an offensive war guidance Drummond did not become by the lack of resources and „a risk “- attitude governor general Prevosts strongly obstructs. A raid for back conquest Amherstburgs and Detroit, which had gone in the autumn 1813 through the defeats on the Eriesee and at the Thames River lose towards, had to be given up for weather reasons, together with the naval commander Sir James Lucas Yeo a planned attack on the US fleet basis Sackets Harbour at the Ontariosee had to be called off, since Prevost refused reinforcement from Niederkanada despite repeated requests. The British seized thereupon fewer strongly protected depot away the Oswego on and to 6 conquered it. May 1814, could however only one part of the materials of building of ships and equipment important for the Americans into their hand bring. This success was however no replacement for a successful impact against Sackets Harbour, since the rule prevents the Britisher over this lake brought and American offensive efforts, would have at least strongly made more difficult

as result this omission exceeded at the 3. And away Erie conquered July 4,000 US soldiers under major general Jacob Brown the Niagara River. Drummonds situation was made more difficult by a sensitive defeat it subordinated major general Sir Phineas Riall against the American Vorhut under Brigadier General Winfield Scott in the battle with Chippewa of 5. July. To 25. July came it to the crucial battle with Lundy's Lane. Combat began for instance 18:00 clock in the evening, when contingents of both sides pushed coincidentally one on the other, and expanded, when Brown and Drummond threw their reserves into the fight, so that finally about 3,000 Americans and the 2,800 British were involved. This extremely bloody combat, with which both sides about in each case 850 men were lost and both commanders were wounded, white tactically no clear result up, was however strategically a British victory, since the Americans had to give their advance up and after away Erie withdrew themselves.

Despite insufficient means Drummond began in August to besiege the US troops being located in away Erie and an attached fastened camp. To 15. He instructed August a large-scale attack on the away, which failed after initial successes under heavy losses. Altogether the British over 900 lost men, the Americans only 84. It succeeded to the British to 17. Septembers a large-scale American loss to strike back, but the losses at crews and material (609 men British opposite 511 American losses), here suffered, which partly also result a missed tactics were, forced Drummond to 21. September for the task of the FE storage and to the retreat into a defensive position behind the Chippawa River. By the advance of American reinforcement Drummond turned out for at the beginning of of Octobers here into a very threatening situation, from which he was saved however by the arrival by Sir James Lucas Yeos Schwadron, to 18. October with supply and reinforcement at the delta Niagara of the River arrived. When Brown experienced of it, he left to 5. November away Erie and the there fastened camp blow up and withdrew themselves from Canada. To further fighting it did not come on this theater any longer. It is assumed that the effects of its Verwundung and a painful gastrosis impaired the judgement Drummonds and to the involving heavy losses setbacks of the autumn 1814 contributed.

After the end of the war the British government appointed Drummond the kommissarischen successor Prevosts, which had to answer for itself because of its behavior in the battle with flat castle in England. Drummond was concerned in this role v.a. with the Demobilisierung and/or. Return of the troops and the fulfilment of the peace agreements, those among other things the return other US posts conquered from away Mackinac and covered. Politically it did not play a large role in its service; the most important event was 1816 the dissolution of the legislative advice of Niederkanada in a conflict around the two judges Jonathan Sewell and James Monk, whose separation had been rejected by the government in London. Drummond decreased/went back 1816 to Great Britain. Its earnings/services in Canada one had already honored 1815 with that asking hordes/hurdles of second class (KCB ), which 1817 of the asking hordes/hurdles followed first class (GCB ). it received the rank of a general to 1825. It died to 10. October 1854 in London.

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