Grab forest

coat of arms map
Wappen der Hansestadt Greifswald Karte Greifswald in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
status: Circle-free city
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 54° 05 ' N, 13° 23 ' O
54° 05 ' N, 13° 23 ' O
height: 6 m and. NN
surface: 50.33 km ²
inhabitants: 52.524 (30. September 2005)
Population density: 1,044 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip codes: 17489-17493
telephone preselection: 03834
Kfz characteristics: HGW
municipality key: 13 0 01 000
arrangement of the city: 16 quarters
address of the city administration: Market 1
17489 grab forest
Website: www.greifswald.de
mayor: Dr. Arthur König (CDU)

the University of - and Hanseatic city grab forest (after its coat of arms animal, pommerschen seizing, also Gryps mentioned) is a circle-free city in Vorpommern in the northeast of Germany.

Table of contents

Geografie

grab forest lies between the islands Rügen and Usedom at the delta of the river Ryck in Greifswalder Bodden. The area around grab forest is flat, the area reached hardly 20 m and. NN. The highest collection in the closer city environment represents south the city convenient Jölkenberg to that (36 m and. NN). To grab forest also the pre-aged islands Koos and Riems as well as a part of the Riems of facing mainland lain outside of the closed city belong.

city arrangement (quarters)

old part of town of development areas remote quarters
  • city center
  • Steinbeckervorstadt
  • butcher suburb
  • northern mill suburb
  • southern mill suburb/fruit tree settlement
  • fat suburb/ribbon development
  • Baltic Sea quarter/Baltic Sea quarter of Ryckseite
  • beautiful forest I/southern part of the town
  • beautiful forest II
  • industrial area
  • Ladebow
  • Wieck
  • Eldena
  • largely beautiful forest
  • Friedrichshagen
  • Riems /island Koos

neighbour municipalities

in the clockwise direction (of the north beginning): Mesekenhagen, new churches, Kemnitz, Diedrichshagen, Weitenhagen, Hinrichshagen, Levenhagen and Wackerow (all municipalities in the district Ostvorpommern).

history

Greifswalder Markt (Westseite) mit Rathaus. Im Hintergrund der Dom St. Nikolai
Greifswalder market (west side) with city hall. In the background the cathedral pc. Nikolai

of grab forest establishment in Pommern decreases/goes back to the monastery Eldena , whose ruins are a famous motive Caspar David Friedrichs. Of the rügenschen prince Witzlaf I. and the Pommernherzog Wartislaw III. received the settlement 1241 the market rights which was because of the river Ryck. She was mentioned 1248 for the first time as Oppidum Gripheswaldis and received from Wratislaw III. 1250 the Lübi municipal law lent. 1254 appointed Wratislaw the Ryckmündung the free port and promised the buyers replacement for losses suffered by pirates. Beside the old part of town west the new city, both quarters developed bildeteten however starting from 1264 a municipality. 1278 were called for the first time grab forest in a document as a member of the Hanse. 1296 freed duke Bogislaw IV. Grab forest of the army sequence and assured to hold no yard of the city and to establish to the Peene no attachment plants.

Marktplatz (Ostseite) mit „Dicker Marie“
Market place (eastern side) with „thick Marie “
1412 turned out for grab forest with the Pommernherzog Wartislaw VIII. together, when his citizens attacked its Vasallen. The controversy dragged on until 1415, before it came by the switching of the conditions to a reconciliation. In addition the city received the fishery rights in Greifswalder Bodden. When 1326 duke Wartislaw died and were inflamed around its still minor children a controversy with Mecklenburg over the rule question, grab forest with its neighbour cities Stralsund , Anklam and the min united to a land peace alliance, in order to receive to the pommerschen dukes power. With the help of the Danish king the Mecklenburger could be rejected. The same city alliance was again closed, when it applied, itself at the end 14. To protect century before pirates and robbery knights. When it came around 1390 between Pommern and the German medal to disputes, which impaired also the relations with Poland, grab forest the Polish buyers vacated traffic privileges in, in order to keep the trade with them upright. With the award „of the golden privileges “by the Pommernherzog Erich I. in the year 1452 grab forest received large commercial laws, which help the city to economic power and prosperity. A weitereren high point in the history of grab forest 1456 became the establishment of the only university on pommerschen soil by duke Wartislaw IX., which followed that urge of the mayor Heinrich Rubenow. The establishment of university affected itself into the present positively. The reformation held in the year 1531 in grab forest introduction. On Veranlassung of the citizens the Stralsunder lutherische of clergyman Johannes Knipstro came into the city and could introduce there without large Gegenwehr Luther teachings.

With the dreissigjährigen war emergency and misery came into the city. The seriously ill Pommernherzog Bogislaw XIV. Pommern left to the imperial troops by its surrender 1627. These drew under boiling stone to 20. November 1627 in grab forest and established a fright regime, with which the population was plundered on the worst. For the defense of the Swedish troops boiling stone let the attachment plants strengthen and consulted for it the population for the hard labour. The inhabitants were so far dezimiert by a plague epidemic disease that to the end of war only half of the houses were inhabited. In June 1631 the troops king Gustav Adolf II. were located. before the city and they took after short fight.

Greifwald von oben: Blick vom Dom St. Nikolai nach Osten
Grab forest from above: View of the cathedral pc. Nikolai eastward

the following time period, the Sweden time in such a way specified, took 184 years. Up to the Viennese congress 1815 those were Sweden gentlemen over Vorpommern and were responsible thereby also for the fate of grab forest. However those let the pommerschen cities grant Sweden quite independently. Grab forest was in as much revalued as it became seat of the highest court and church authorities for Swedish Pommern. Brandenburg tried several times to back-conquer the lost area and 1678 succeeded it to occupy grab forest for one year long. With the preceded engagements the city center was heavily damaged including Marienkirche. In the walls of the church are today still some canon balls of the breaking citizens. The wars 18. Century loaded the city strongly. During the Nordi war the pulling through Danish, Saxonian and Russian troops had to be supplied in the years 1712 and 1713, and in the seven-year-old war exploded 1758 in the city of Prussia powder magazine put on, whereby large parts of the city were destroyed. Before 1713 and 1736 major fires of parts of the city center had already eingeäschert. In good memory the efforts remained that Sweden around Greifswalder university. After their fall for the end of the 30-jährigen of war they cranked the training enterprise and let 1747 the today still existing university main's building establish.

Historical balance bridge in the local part Wieck

to 23. October 1815 took over Prussia the Swedish parts of Pommerns. In the course of the Prussian administrative reform grab forest became 1818 administrative seat of the district of the same name, received however to 1912 the status of a circle-free city. With the connection to the freeway Berlin - Stralsund 1836 and the railway connection 1863 were created conditions that in the former field citizen city although a modest industry could develop. Beside several mechanical engineering enterprises and foundries the 1863 became established railway main workshop an important restaurant factor. It ranked over many decades among the largest employers in the city. Greatest importance had however still the university. 1856 had been already begun with the building of the hospital quarter in the northwest of the city, and one opened a further campus for 1927 in the east. At the beginning of the 1. World war were registered 1500 students. To the turn of the century developed generously so for example the Goethe route, today still one of the most beautiful roads of grab forest cultivated new roads, in which the increasing wealthy citizenry established itself. The world economic crisis of the 1920er years became apparent by the locking of the railway workshop and large unemployment. On the occasion of the 1939 accomplished regional reorganization the places became Greifswald Wieck and Eldena in in common December. Thus the number of inhabitants rose to over 37.000. The 2. World war got over the city without destruction and became to 30. April 1945 on Veranlassung of the commander of city Petershagen of the Red Army combatless hand over.

Häuser in der Innenstadt im Sommer 1989
Houses in the city center in the summers 1989

following damages and losses of important parts of the built volumes of the historically valuable old part of town are to be due to omitted restorations and maintenances in the GDR. Instead large disk construction sites in the east were established. Outline and more historisierender (plate) new building in the north of the old part of town aggravated the situation (see also in Gotha or Cottbus). Between 1945 and 2003 about half of the historical built volumes was lost. Neglect and surface outline in the old part of town ended only with the turn 1989/90. The reorganizations taken place since then made meanwhile the nevertheless still received parts of the old part of town again worth seeing. In particular the market place is considered to the most beautiful in Northern Germany as one. Up-to-date the retreating longwall system and the transformation take place in the disk's building settlements.

The number of inhabitants amounted to at GDR times about 68,000 and fell after the turn, also by removal of many inhabitants in surrounding municipalities and way course into other regions. The number of students at the university increased continuously, at present (2005) gives it more to than 10,000 students in grab forest.

Grab forest is seat of the higher administrative court Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

inhabitant development

in the year 1989 reached the total population of the city grab forest also over 68.000 their historical highest level. In the meantime the number of inhabitants sank however again. Since the turn in the GDR the city lost about 15,000 inhabitants because of high unemployment and the decline in the birthrate until 2005.

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1833 it concerns usually around estimations, afterwards census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices and/or the city administration. The data refer starting from 1843 to „the localpresent population “, starting from 1925 to the resident population and since 1966 to „the population at the place of the main dwelling “. 1843 ago the number of inhabitants was determined in non-uniform collection procedures.


Year inhabitant
1618 6,100
1648 2,700
1767 4,611
1780 4,987
1800 5,740
1820 7,891
1831 8,967
3. December 1852 ¹ 13,232
3. December 1861 ¹ 15,100
3. December 1864 ¹ 17,500
3. December 1867 ¹ 17,400
1. December 1871 ¹ 17,700
1. December 1875 ¹ 18,022
1. December 1880 ¹ 19,924
year inhabitant
1. December 1885 ¹ 20,345
1. December 1890 ¹ 21,624
2. December 1895 ¹ 22,800
1. December 1900 ¹ 23,000
1. December 1905 ¹ 23,750
1. December 1910 ¹ 24,679
1. December 1916 ¹ 23,122
5. December 1917 ¹ 23,333
8. October 1919 ¹ 34,374
16. June 1925 ¹ 26,383
16. June 1933 ¹ 29,488
17. May 1939 ¹ 37,104
1. December 1945 ¹ 42,107
29. October 1946 ¹ 43,590
year inhabitant
31. August 1950 ¹ 44,468
31. December 1955 45,827
31. December 1960 46,728
31. December 1964 ¹ 47,421
1. January 1971 ¹ 47,017
31. December 1975 55,513
31. December 1981 ¹ 61,388
31. December 1985 65,275
31. December 1988 68,597
31. December 1990 66,251
31. December 1995 60,772
31. December 2000 54,236
31. December 2003 52,869
30. June 2005 52,665

¹ census result

citizenry

Mandatsverteilung in der Bürgerschaft der Hansestadt Greifswald nach der Wahl 2004

the citizenry of grab forest consists of 42 delegates. Since the choice of 13. It builds itself up for June 2004 as follows:

A party of seats
CDU 16
left wing party Party of Democratic Socialism 9
SPD the 8
Greens 3
FDP 2
BG * 2
ok ** 1
single applicant 1

the city (constituency number 1) consists of 55 electoral districts with 44.290 voters. To the choice went 17,054, which 1,568 invalid and 48,772 gülige voices delivered. This corresponds to an election turnout of approximately 38.5% (all data from 2004).

Details to the choice procedure and to legal regulations: Kreistag (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)


* BG = group of voters of citizen list grab forest

** ok = group of voters of Entkalker (parliamentary group community with the Greens)

economics and infrastructure

although a large city, is not grab forest beside Stralsund the largest city in Vorpommern and has a large catchment area in the otherwise thinly settled region, which is enough to to the Polish border. The greatest importance has the Hanseatic city surely as university and state of research place and as such a call, which goes the far beyond borders Mecklenburg Vorpommerns. Since 1947 grab forest is seat of the church line of the Pommer Evangelist church and bishop seat.

Like many other cities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania grab forest with high unemployment has (2004: approx. to fight 22.5%) and decrease in population, which could not become balanced also by the enormous influx of students in the last years. Into the 1970er years established the GDR approx. (in Lubmin) the nuclear power station grab forest with four blocks , those removes 15 km von Greifswald approx. 10% of the current need of the GDR covered. Approx. 10,000 humans were busy , today in the nuclear power station Lubmin are it still approx. 1.000, which are busy with the retreating longwall system and the disposal of the atomic plant with the energy works north GmbH. In the course of the development of the nuclear power station one established large disk's building settlements in the east of grab forest, which must be back-built today due to the empty conditions in the GDR. Today the largest employer is the University of, beside it still different mechanisms of the science and the public service. Not to neglect is the purchasing power of approx. 10,000 students, who are registered at the university. In the year 1991 their number amounted to only 3.000. Besides grab forest tries to profit from the tourism to, which became in the last years at the Baltic Sea coast Mecklenburg Vorpommerns the most important restaurant factor of the country. Since grab forest however never strong industry - and economic situation was, the settlement of additional jobs depends on teeth with science and research.

resident enterprise

  • Hanse yacht (yacht-thrown) [1]
  • Siemens AG, range Communications
  • Solon AG - manufacturer of Photovoltaikmodulen for solar electricity production [2]
  • Riemser medicament AG [3]
  • BoddenBau GmbH
  • H & B GmbH, wood & dry construction company ltd.
of ships in the port of grab forest, Caspar David Friedrich, 1810 ago

traffic route

grab forest lies at the navigable delta of the Ryck into the Baltic Sea and possesses a sea port. Furthermore the city railway connection at the distance Berlin - Anklam - possesses Stralsund. Southwest from grab forest runs to 7. December 2005 federal motorway finished placed 20 with the motorway departure grab forest. By the city the federal highways 96 and 109 lead. From grab forest one comes with the car into approx. 45 minutes to the islands Rügen and Usedom with their beautiful old Baltic Sea baths.

education and science

Greifswald - Alter Universitätscampus
grab forest - age Universitätscampus

universities and research establishments

mechanisms, institutes, co-operation

High Schools

vocational schools

  • vocational one school of the Hanseatic city grab forest, technique school
  • vocational one school of the Hanseatic city grab forest, commercial school
  • vocational one school at the university clinic of the seriousness Moritz Arndt university grab forest

culture

Vorplatz und Eingang des Pommerschen Landesmuseums
free area and entrance of the Pommer federal state museum

Based on the size of the city a rich culture offer is available in grab forest:

  • Theatre Vorpommern
  • Pommer federal state museum
  • music festival „Nordi sound “
  • Greifswalder brook week
  • Eldenaer Jazzevenings
  • Greifswalder Fischer celebration with „the Gaffelrigg “, each year in the summer
  • museum port (grab forest)
  • Sozio cultural center pc. White spirits
  • Café Amberland (1990-1998)
  • literature center Vorpommern (also Wolfgang Koeppen house)
  • grab forest internationally Students festival (GrIStuF e. V.) Left
  • free local radio 98eins
  • since 1998 lends the city the Wolfgang Koeppen price, a literary award designated after the writer Wolfgang Koeppen born in grab forest.

buildings

Ostfassade von St. Marien
east front of pc. Marien
Klosterruine Eldena
monastery ruin Eldena

night life

it gives numerous gastronomische and cultural mechanisms, in which one can spend its end of workday in pleasant environment. Here a small selection:

Student club

  • refectory club grab forest
  • student club crate grab forest
  • club 9 grab forest (momentary no meetings)
  • geographer cellar grab forest
  • geologist cellar grab forest

club and discotheques

  • Mira club grab forest
  • club Bel air grab forest
  • discotheque Crazytown grab forest
  • discotheque Fly in grab forest
  • discotheque The Cave grab forest
  • discotheque Sun set

other

  • Baslers Technodrome
  • Klex
  • Penguin
  • of Paris
  • Ikuwo
  • pc. White spirits cultural center
  • Publisity
  • the trap
  • Gunnars party cellar
  • in the middle in it
  • steel plant
  • as well as numerous taverns and bars (z. B. The sofa,…)

sport

football

in grab forest gives it for a very long time and supraregional well-known football tradition, however the association names in the run changed the time frequently. Largest and most well-known association is at present Greifswalder sports association 04.

Existing no longer and/or. in Greifswalder sports association 04 come up associations are Greifswalder sports club, unit grab forest and the BSG KKW grab forest.

other kinds of sport

gives most diverse sport associations. In grab forest there is besides a leisure time swimming pool and an edge of bathing.

Kanusport on the Ryck, tennis and sails on Greifswalder Bodden and the Baltic Sea are popular Greifswalder kinds of sport beside football.

personalities

see also: List of the members of the seriousness Moritz Arndt university grab forest

Caspar David Friedrich: Meadows before grab forest (1822)

partnerships between cities

Web on the left of

Commons: Grab forest - pictures, videos and/or audio files


 

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