a Basic Law is a law that during the establishment of a state provisionally takes over the tasks of a condition. The example most well-known in the German linguistic area is the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany.
purpose from basic laws
the establishment from states effected mostly under turbluenten circumstances, for example a war of independence. Sometimes therefore the aufwändige elaboration of a condition is first shifted. An example for this is the Basic Law of the Republic of Bergkarabach.
the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of
the Federal Republic of Germany was first only planned as interim solution. Therefore the new condition was not called such, but one gave her the more neutral name “Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany “. Therefore often both terms become colloquial synonymously related in Germany.