|province||Reggio Emilia (RH)|
|geographical layer|| |
of coordinates: 44° 55 ' 0 " N, 10° 40 ' 0 " O 44° 55 ' 0 " N, 10° 40 ' 0 " O
|height||of 24 m and. NN|
|surface||52.5 km ²|
|population density||276 Einw. /km ²|
|postal zip code||42016|
|ISTAT - code||035024|
|name of the inhabitants||Guastallesi|
|protection patron||San Francesco, Madonna della Porta|
An establishment of the Langobarden in 7. Century, became Guastalla in 15. Century an independent county, which turned out later under the rule of the dukes of Mantua from the house Gonzaga. 1621 became Guastalla independent duchy for a Nebenlinie of the mantuanischen Gonzaga, which governed 1746 there up to their becoming extinct. When settled Lehen of Austria occupies, Guastalla was retired 1748 as Nebenstaat to the Bourbonen - to dukes from Parma and Piacenza. 1801 occupied by France, became Guastalla by decree of 30. March 1806 as duchy of Napoleon I. Pauline Bonaparte († 1825) to its sister over hand. However it extracted it from her already after 8 weeks again and inkorporierte it by decree the Kingdom of Italy. Its sister received for it a remuneration from 6 millions Franconia to the purchase of goods in France.
After the fall emperor Franz I. acted Napoleons. of Austria similarly, by handing Guastalla over - beside the more important Parma and Piacenza - of its daughter Marie Louise († 1847), in order to secure for the wife of the fallen Frenchman emperor an according to rank supply. After their death in December 1847 at short notice the new duke of Parma and Piacenza began, Karl Ludwig von Bourbon Parma († 1883), also in Guastalla the rule, before between 1848 and 1859 duke Franz V. from Modena from the house Austria Este the government led. 1859 followed the small State of the revolutionary Modena and came up 1861 in the Kingdom of Italy .
At most consumed food are Gnocchi. Every four years in May the Gnoccata celebration takes place. The city distributes Gnocchi for the whole city at this time on the market place at the cathedral. In addition a parade takes place itself, at that the whole people as in 15. Century disguises.
To 25.11. each year takes place the day of the holy ones. The day takes place in honours of the Santa Caterina. On this day the population the old work of the handicraft is called again by reproductions in the memory.
Albinea | Bagnolo in Piano | Baiso | Bibbiano | Boretto | Brescello | Busana | Cadelbosco di Sopra | Campagnola Emilia | Campegine | Canossa | Carpineti | Casalgrande | Casina | Castellarano | Castelnovo di Sotto | Castelnovo ne' Monti | Cavriago | Collagna | Correggio | Fabbrico | Gattatico | Gualtieri | Guastalla | Ligonchio | Luzzara | Montecchio Emilia | Novellara | Poviglio | Quattro Castella | Ramiseto | Reggio nell'Emilia | Reggiolo | Rio Saliceto | Rolo | Rubiera | San Martino in Rio | San Polo d'Enza | Sant'Ilario d'Enza | Scandiano | Toano | Vetto | Vezzano sul Crostolo | Viano | Mansion Minozzo