Guinea

of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Guinea (term clarifying).
République de Guinée
Republic of Guinea
Flagge Guineas Wappen Guineas
(detail) (detail)
Wahlspruch: Travail, Justice, Solidarité

(frz., „work, justice, solidarity “)

office language French
capital Conakry
system of government Präsidialrepublik
president Lansana Conté
head of the government Cellou Dalein Diallo
surface 245,857 km ²
number of inhabitants 9.467.866 (S 2005)
population density of 38.5 inhabitants per km ²
gros domestic product/inhabitant 403 US-$ (2004)
independence 2. October 1958
currency Guinea franc
time belt UTC -2
national anthem Liberté
Kfz characteristic RG
Internet TLD .gn
preselection +224
Karte Afrikas, Guinea hervorgehoben
Karte Guineas
gallery forest with Simandou

Guinea (frz.: La Guinée [giˈne]) is a state in west Africa, which at Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Liberia, Sierra Leone, which borders the Ivory Coast and the Atlantic. Its independenceattained the former French colony to 2. October 1958. The country was ruined in the last decades despite its Bodenschätze particularly by communist experiments and the bloody dictatorship Sékou Tourés. Under the Senilität of the present presidentto a large extent Agonie in politics and society prevails.

Table of contents

Geography

Guinea is in west Africa between 7° and 12° northern latitude and 8° and 15° of western length. In particular the central and southeast part of the country are on the upper Guinea threshold. Some of it is to 1,537 mhigh mountain country of Futa Djalon in the western center of the country. The Mount Nimba, which is in the extreme southeast of the country at the border to the Ivory Coast, is with 1.752 m the highest mountain of both states.

The habitats varyof the rain forest in the high country up to savannahs - the grass country.

The largest cities are (conditions 1. January 2005):

  • Conakry of 1.871.185 inhabitants
  • Nzérékoré of 132,842 inhabitants
  • Kindia of 117,095 inhabitants
  • Kankan of 114,103 inhabitants

see also: List of the cities in Guinea

population

The religion prevailing in Guinea is the Sunni Islam. Apart from the office language French Ful (Peulh, Fula), Malinke and Susu as well as further native languages are spoken.

Population: 9.467.866 (2005)

age structure:

  • 0-14 years: 44.4%
  • 15-64 years: 52,4%
  • 65 years and older: 3.2%

population growth: 2.37% (2004)

ethnical groups: Fulbe (Felatta) 40%, Malinke 30%, Susu 20%, smaller ethnical groups (Kpèlè, Kissi, Toma, Baga) 10%

religion: Muslims 88%, traditional religions 7%, Christian 5%

history

starting from that 18. Century gave it in the Fouta Djalon, in today's central Guinea, the Fulbe - to Theokratie.

At 1850 systematic colonizing attempts began by France, on toPart violent resistance pushed, particularly in today's upper Guinea under the guidance of Samory Touré.

1892/1893 today's Guinea became as part of French west Africa French colony.

To 2. October 1958 decided Guinea in a popular vote as onlyFrench colony in Africa for complete independence. Proclaiming the first republic with Sékou Touré followed as president; it came to the break with France.

In November 1958 one took up diplomatic relations with the Federal Republic of Germany .

In November 1970 took place the Portuguese landing in Guinea and a revolution attempt from Exilguineern, which failed however. After death Sekou Tourés to 26. March 1984 took over at the 3. April 1984 Colonel Lansana Conté power, supported by a military committee. Itcame to the proclamation of the 2. Republic.

To outbreak of the civil war 1990 in the neighboring countries Liberia and Sierra Leone thousands of refugees came to Guinea; occasionally up to 700.000. This very day (conditions 2004) is there approx. 150.000.

To 19. December 1993in the first democratic presidency election general Lansana Contée was confirmed as a president. Proclaiming the 3 followed. Republic in January 1994.

In the years following on it it came to rebellions, those in February 1996 into striking down oneCulminated to military revolt.

To 18. December 1998 was confirmed to president Lansana Contée with 54% of the delivered voices for further five years in the office, whereby the opposition parties speak however of substantial electoral fraud. Tags on it are already arrested several opposition politicians. Contée appointsto 8. March 1999 the presidents of the highest Court of Justice, Lamine Sidimè of „portion de l' unité et you progrès “(PUP), to the new head of the government.

By September 2000 until March 2001 one resisted attacks of Sierra Leonean and Liberian rebels on the GuineanNational territory off.

In November 2001 became by a disputed referendum the constitutional amendment, and. A. the legal conditions for whereabouts production by president Lansana Contée in the office beyond 2003.

With a summit of the presidents by Guinea, Liberia and SierraLeone in Rabat in February 2002, were discussed ways to the settlement of the regional conflict.

In June 2002 ended from important opposition parties the boycotted, democratically not run to parliamentary elections with a clear victory of the president party PUP.

politics

after thatCondition of 1991 is Guinea a Präsidialrepublik. The president is selected after the last constitutional amendment from November 2001 for one term of office by seven years (before five years) directly by the people. The parliament consisting of a chamber, the national assembly, sits downfrom 114 delegates together. Most important parties are the portion de l' Unité et you Progrès (PUP), the Rassemblement you Peuple Guinéen (RPG), the portion you Renouveau et you Progrès (PRP) and the union pour la Nouvelle République (UNR). Guinea is arrangedadministratively into four Supraregionen so mentioned, 30 regions and the capital district.

education

in Guinea prevails an illiterate ratio of 70%, the first day at school rate in the primary school sphere lies with approximately 50%, within the secondary range at 10% and in the field of universitieswith 1%.

In Guinea there are two universities, in which capital Conakry and in Kankan, with which altogether about 6,000 students are written.

administration

Guinea becomes unofficial into the regions Niederguinea, upper Guinea, Fouta Djalon and forest Guinea, officially however divided in 33 prefectures and the special zone Conakry. The prefectures are:

Beyla, Boffa, Boké, Coyah, Dabola, Dalaba, Dinguiraye, Dubréka, Faranah, Forécariah, Fria, Gaoual, Guéckédou, Kankan, Kérouané, Kindia, Kissidougou, Koubia, Koundara, Kouroussa, Labé, Lélouma,Lola, Macenta, Mali, Mamou, one Diana, Nzérékoré, Pita, Siguiri, Télimélé, Tougué and Yomou.

economics

Guinea belongs to the poorest and industrially to few developed countries of the earth.

base data

some indices of the economy of Guinea:

  • Portion thatSectors of the economy at the national economy
    • agriculture: 24%
    • industry: 31%
    • services: 45%
  • gross national product per head: 430 euro
  • Durchschnittl. Yearly income for each inhabitant: 190 euro
  • inflation: 3.5%
  • Bodenschätze in Guinea: Bauxite, uranium, diamond
  • important one agricultural products: Coffee,tropical fruits, fish, wood

between

1991 and 1999 the portion of the public expenditures for the health service

culture

sport

football is the most popular sport in Guinea. Despite missing international successes the national team of Guinea, “Le Sylli national” enjoys mentioned, of large popularity. The most well-known players are Kaba Diawara (in former times with Girondins Bordeaux and Olympique Marseille actively), Pascal Feindounou (AS Saint Etienne) and Pablo Thiam (VfL wolf castle). Titi Camara , former public favourite and player is unforgotten with championsleague winner fiber plastic Liverpool.


acquaintance persons from Guinea

  • Sékou Touré 1922-1984 (first president ofGuinea)
  • Sona Diabaté (musician)
  • Mory Kanté (musician)
  • Sebe Kourouma, Famoudou Konaté and Mamady Keïta (most well-known „Djembéfola “- masters of the Djembetrommel - also as teachers in Germany actively)
  • Miriam Makeba (South African Exilantin, musician)
  • Titi Camara (soccer player)
  • Pablo Thiam (soccer player, momentarilyVFL wolf castle)
  • Camara Laye (writer)
  • Tierno Monénembo (writer)

Web on the left of



coordinates: 7°-13° N, 8°-15° W

 

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