Guinea-Bissau

Republica there Guiné Bissau
Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Flagge Guinea-Bissaus
Wappen Guinea-Bissaus
(detail) (detail)
Wahlspruch: Unidade, Luta, Progresso

(haven., „agreement, fight, progress “)

office language Portuguese
capital until sow
system of government Präsidialdemokratie
president João Bernardo Vieira
prime minister Aristides Gomes
surface 36,125 km ²
number of inhabitants 1.388.363(Conditions July 2004)
population density of 51 inhabitants per km ²
independence from Portugal to 24. September 1973 explains, to 10. September 1974 recognized
currency CFA franc (until May 1997 Guinea-Bissau peso)
time belt UTC
national anthem Esta é A Nossa Pátria Bem Amada
Kfz characteristic GUB (notofficially also:GNB)
Internet TLD .gw
preselection +245
Karte Afrikas, Guinea-Bissau hervorgehoben
Karte Guinea-Bissaus

Guinea-Bissau (haven.: Guiné Bissau) is a state in Africa. It is located at the African west coast to the Atlantic and borders on Senegal and Guinea.

Table of contents

geography

geographical location

in the norththe republic borders on Senegal (common border about. 338 km), in the east at Guinea (common border about. 386 km). With a total area of 36.125 km ² is the country approx. 10% smaller than Switzerland, it are however tooconsider that only approx. 78% of this surface on the mainland lie. The geographical coordinates of the capital until sow are 11°50' nördl. Width and 15°36' westl. Length.

landscape

to that predominantly flat interior closes through navy erosion strongly fissured coastal strip. Pre-aged the until saying OS archipelago is appropriate for the mainland in the Atlantic.

climate

the climate is tropical, predominantly damp. The rain time lasts from May to Octobers.

cities

the largest cities in Guinea-Bissauare (conditions 1. January 2005):Until sow of 388,028 inhabitants, Bafatá of 22,521 inhabitants, Gabú of 14,430 inhabitants, Bissorã 12,688, Bolama of 10,769 inhabitants and Cacheu of 10,490 inhabitants.

to population

religion

ethnical groups

history

major item: History of Guinea-Bissau

before occupation by the Portuguese belonged the area to Kingdom of Mali. 1446 came the area as Portuguese Guinea to Portugal. The war of independence from 1963 to 1974 the acknowledgment of independence followed by Portugal to 10. September 1974.

politics

after the condition of 1984 are Guinea-Bissaua Präsidialrepublik, since 1991 with a multiple party system. The directly selected regional advice send 150 delegates from their center into the national assembly, which selects for its part the 15-köpfigen Council of State, which functions as executive. Since 1991 the office of the prime minister (head of the government) is againindependently.

Allocation of seats of the choice of 30. March 2004:

  • Partido Africano there Indepencia there Guinea e Cabo Verde (PAIGC): 45 of 102 seats.
  • Partido para A Renovacao Social (PRS): 35 of 102 seats.
  • Partido UNIDO Social Democratico (PUSD): 17 of 102Seats.
  • Other one: 3 of 102 seats.
  • 2 seats of the Diaspora being entitled mandates were not assigned.

administrative arrangement

Guinea-Bissau is divided into eight regions and an autonomous sector around the capital until sow. The regions divide again into37 sectors. For the regions the respective name of the capital in parentheses was indicated, the sectors is designated after their respective capitals. Only for the three sectors of the until saying OS archipelago also the principal places are indicated in parentheses.

  • Bafatá (Bafatá)
    • Bafatá
    • Bambadinca
    • Contubuel
    • Galomaro
    • Gá Mamudo
    • Xitole
  • Biombo (Quinhamel)
    • Quinhamel
    • Prábis
    • Safim
  • until sow
  • Bolama “until saying OS archipelago” (Bolama)
    • Bolama (Bolama)
    • Caravela (Abu)
    • Bubaque (Bubaque)
  • Cacheu (Cacheu)
    • Bigéne
    • Bula
    • Cacheu
    • Caió
    • Canchungo
    • S. Domingos
  • Gabú (Gabú)
    • gust
    • Gabú
    • Pirada
    • Pitche
    • Sonaco
  • Oio (Bissorá)
    • Bissorá
    • Farim
    • Mansabá
    • Mansóa
    • Nhacra
  • Quinara (Buba)
    • Buba
    • Empada
    • Fulacunda
    • Tite
  • Tombali (Catió)
    • Bedana
    • Catió
    • Cacine
    • Quebo

economics

Guinea-Bissau ranks among the poorest countries of the earth. More than 75% of the population are active in the agriculture. Their productivity movesitself on the level of a self-sufficiency economy (Subsistenzwirtschaft).

to be cultivated

know agriculture rice, corn, millet, Maniok, Yams, Bataten and Zuckerrohr. The economy aligned to the needs the colonial power Portugal was after their departure no longer lebensfähig. By the war of independence the agriculture purged still more.

export

its own industry does not exist. Into the export Cashew arrive - to Nüsse, peanuts, Palmkerne and Palmöl.

public expenditures

between 1992 and 2000 were the portion of the public expenditures for

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coordinates: 12° 7 ' N, 14° 55 ' W

 

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