Guo Moruo

Guo Moruo 郭沫若 (* 1892 under the name Guo Kaizhen in the circle Leshan, province itself SCN; † 12. June 1978) was a Chinese writer and politician.

Table of contents


as a son of a buyer and a large basic owner became Guo Moruo first classical training assigns, from 1906 to 1913 at four different schools. A marriage, which was imposed upon to it by its parents, was again dissolved quasi with immediate effect.

Afterwards to it Guo Moruo went 1914 for a medicine study to Japan and received to it years 1923 a conclusion of the imperial Kyushu university, however never exercised its occupation. After it had likewise acquired itself in this time knowledge of the English, Germans, as well as latin language, its working within the literary range began 1917 first with the translation of poems, 1919 followed a first own narration.

With the publication of its poem volume God inside to it the break-through succeeded to 1921 as a poet. Also it had followed and used the literary society creation this forum, in order to present its work.

Under its family roots, he only 1924 began himself with political theories, as became the marxism to argue, with the participation in the north campaign 1925 and the Nanchang rebellion finally 1927 also within this range actively, in order to withdraw itself after the failure for the next ten years again to Japan.

With the outbreak of the war 1937 to the return in a forced manner, organized it over the resistance company art and literature-creative and a position as directors/conductors of the propaganda department the protection against the attack also, 1940 with the breakup of the unit front apart between Guomindang and communist however also this post lost, received however one, which was more favorable regarding its literary work.

Due to the disputes between communists and the government, and the associated Repressionen after end of war, Guo Moruo saw itself forced 1947 to the escape to Hong Kong, however already followed one year later to the communist combat forces . With establishment of the People's Republic China 1949 it became immediately into the offices of the deputy Prime Minister, as well as the chairman of the culture and educating advice raised, short time later to the president of the Academy of Sciences, and first already and for the remainder of its life into that of the chairman of the Chinese writer federation. To further important posts, which he dressed belonged:

In the context of these activities it accompanied an infinite number of delegations abroad. Guo Moruo belonged surprisingly to the few man of letters, which remained exempted from the frights of the culture revolution, possibly due to the original employment of its creative forces, in order to place itself with Mao and Jiang Qing well.

From a second marriage, from 1916 to the outbreak of the war 1937, with the Japanese nurse Sato Komiko five children came out, from a third, with Yu Liqun, four further.



  • God inside, 1921 - poem collection
  • starlit sky, 1923 - poem collection
  • the olive, 1926 - auto+biographic narrations
  • dropped sheets, 1926 - letter novel
  • tower, 1926 - narrations
  • three rebellious women, 1926 - drama
  • the vase, 1927 - poem collection
  • investigations for the history of old China, 1930
  • the black cat, 1930 - autobiography
  • Qu Yuan, 1942 - drama
  • song of the waves, 1948 - autobiography
  • cicadas, 1948 - poems
  • one hundred flowers flower, to 1957 - poems
  • Cai Wenji, 1959 - drama


  • Goethe: Suffering the boy value ago, 1922
  • Goethe: Fist I. Part, 1928
  • Goethe: Fist II. Part, 1953
  • Schiller: Boiling stone, 1926
  • Nietz: Thus Zarathustra spoke, 1928
  • Marx: Criticism of the political economics, 1931
  • Tolstoi: War and peace, 1931

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| | * Literature of and over Guo Moruo in the catalog of the DDB



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