Gustav Nachtigal

Gustav Nachtigal (* 23. February 1834 in calibration EDT with (Stendal); † 20. April 1885 before the coast of west Africa) was a German Africa researcher.

Nachtigal, son of a minister, studied medicine in grab forest and became 1858 Prussian army surgeon in Cologne. Itwas actively with the Corps Palomarchia resounds and Nassovia peppering castle. Later it acquired the loop of the Corps Pommerania grab forest. It got sick with Tuberkulose and went for recovery to North Africa. First it lived in Algeria, starting from 1863 in Tunis, where itas a field physician at the campaign against the insurgent trunks of the Maghreb and at the yard in Tunis body physician of the Beys participated became following. Here he learned also Arab

1868 met Nachtigal the researcher Gerhard Rohlfs, the 1868 of king William I. of Prussia with the deliveryassigned by gifts at the Sultan of Bornu in today's Nigeria was. Rohlfs transferred this task at Nachtigal. Broke to 17. February 1869 from Tripoli up, crossed the seeing era, was in Fessan and went then into before ofno white one entered area of the Tibbu, the country Tibesti. The there living Tedas threatened Nachtigal however with death and robbed it out, so that he had to flee after Murzuk, where he spent then the winter.

In July 1870 it reached Kuka, the residence of the Sultans of Bornu, and presented the gifts of the Prussian king to this. Nachtigal bereiste thereafter the areas of Kanem and Borku and returned in January 1872 again to Kuka. Whereupon it turned after Bagirmi and into at that time still the existingHeath landscapes, which were appropriate south for the city. After it had returned in the autumn 1872 again to Kuka, Nachtigal traveled to the river Chari (in today's Chad) and from there far to the sultanate Wadai (eastern Chad). In the summer 1873 it traveled from the capital Abeschr toat the southern national border and 1874 first into the sultanate Darfur arrived and in the summer 1874 into the Sultanate of Kordofan. He learned on the way further regional languages. Finally Nachtigal Khartum reached, the capital of the Sudan. From here it traveled along the Nile after Cairo (Egypt) and returned finally 1875 to Germany. Nachtigal wrote the results down of its journeys in Berlin. It received numerous honors and as a chairman of the society for geography and the African society was used. 1882 became Nachtigal of realm chancellor Otto von Bismarck the Consul General in Tunis and appointed the realm-assigned for Togo and Cameroon.

To its service in Tunis Nachtigal went in the spring 1884 as an imperial commissioner to the coast from upper Guinea and set the German flag to 5. July 1884 on the area of Togo country (today Togo and/or. Subsection of Ghana). To 14. It placed Cameroon to July “under German protection”, later the acquisitions in southwest Africa.

It was again briefly in Cameroon; with the return journey to Europe it got sick with Tuberkulose and died to 20. April 1885 onthe “sea gull”. To 21. April 1885 he was buried at cape Palmas. 1888 was transferred its mortal remnants to Cameroon, where with the former Gouvernementsgebäude a monument was established to it.


  • seeing era and the Sudan. Berlin 1879 to 1881
  • August K. Stöger: “Marchin the uncertain ", dtv junior 7402, ISBN 3-423-07402-7, (1980), [more shortened and. worked on report on a journey from the first volume “seeing era and the Sudan”]

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| | * Literature of and over Gustav Nachtigal in the catalog of the DDB



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