Gustav Noske

Gustav Noske (* 9. July 1868 in Brandenburg to the Havel; † 30. November 1946 in Hanover), SPD - politicians. First social-democratic Minister with the competence for the military in German history. Gustav Noske is besides admits by its central rolein the November revolution and the following social and political arguments in the years 1918 to 1920.

Table of contents


after eight-year old school attendance on thatCitizen school in Brandenburg to the Havel learned Noske the occupation of the Korbmachers, whom it exercised after short time of the journey also in a factory. Already in training it engaged itself in the local workers' movement (a party and carpenter work he trade union). In these years of the factory work and of thehe in addition much energy used political and unionized commitments to form auto+didactically further.1891 he married Martha, born Thiel, with which he had three children. 1893 he became an editor of the breaking citizens newspaper, 1897 changed he the Königsberger people grandstand.

In the surrounding field of the 20. July 1944 is arrested Noske by the Nazis and spent first in the camp Fürstenberg/Havel, which was connected with the concentration camp Ravensbrück. It survived the altogether siebenmonatige detention in this camp and then in the prison Lehrter road in Berlin Moabit.

After the end of the The Second World War writes he a part of his memoirs, in which he brands the “eastJewish” influence in the German workers' movement (pink Luxembourg about was Polish-Jewish origin). After it states that it is not Antisemit, it maintains nevertheless, “that the eastJewish `Marxisten´ a special assessment for it possessed,to train socialism as a dogma and to transform common places into Glaubensbekenntnisse. They bred a secret science out, those the German workers remained always incomprehensible " (Noske 1947, S. 27).

Noskes grave is on the city cemetery Engesohde (department 37) in Hanover.

a party

Noske was since 1884 member of the SPD and 1892 two years after the end (anti) of the socialist law to the chairman of the social-democratic association of its hometown was selected.

Its attempts to gain after 1920 in the SPD again a foothold failed. Thus the district executive committee of the SPD e.g. demanded Pommerns in January 1928 with a unanimous resolution the party executive committee of the SPD up to prevent a candidature Noskes for the realm tag elections 1928.

To a political comeback after 1945 it does not come any longer. Social Democrats of the west zones like Schumacher defend Noske briefly against would start the communists, but it makes at the same time clear for it that they do not attach importance to an active political role for it.

Only lately Social Democrats begin again to profess itself to Noske. Thus explained to the SPD - defense politician Johannes Kahrs (MdB) publicly, he counted Gustav Nosketo its political models.


Noske was from 1906 to 1918 of realm tag delegates for the constituency Saxonia 16. It belonged 1919 /20 that to Weimar national assembly . During the Kieler of sailor rebellion realm chancellor prince Max von Baden sends it into the Baltic Sea city, around there thoseTo calm down situation. He is selected there immediately to the chairman of the local worker and soldier advice.

public offices

as a people representative for army and navy and as realm military Ministers was Noske responsible for bloody striking down of the January rebellion 1919 (Spartakusaufstand), with also Pink Luxembourg and Karl dear farmhand were murdered. Also it carried the responsibility for striking down the insurgent citizens of Berlin of March fights, with which some fighters of the savings TACists were killed. Further it was for striking down of local rebellions, with which soviet republics are established after Soviet modelshould, among other things in Munich and in Bremen, responsible. There it in its description of the discussion, how against insurgent January 1919 is to be proceeded, its utterance “on my account! One must become the blood dog, I shrinks from the responsibility not " delivered (Gustav Noske: OfKiel to cut. To the history of the German revolution, Berlin 1920, S. ), he carries 68 since then, usually under communist, the surnames the blood dog or Blutnoske.

In its further government activity its to zögerliches behavior shows up opposite make-oriented military. It acts onlyzaghaft in relation to the reactionary efforts extreme political rights, which possesses many sympathies with the imperial officers. It divides its anti-bolshevism and leaves to the free corps to a large extent free hand supported by the realm resistance with its hard procedure on the occasion of from strikes and communist rebellions. Not onlyCommunists, also with many Social Democrats he lost each sympathy with this attitude. As it in arrangement with Friedrich Ebert the reactionary free corps, among other things the brigade Ehrhardt to 29. February 1920 nevertheless to dissolve wants, comes it to the reactionary cut Lüttwitz Putsch of 13. March 1920. Also Realm president Friedrich Ebert cannot hold it any longer. Because of “promotion of the countering revolution “Noske is forced after the cut Putsch to the resignation as a realm military Minister and pushed away on the posts of the upper president of the Prussian province Hanover.

From the office of the upper president from Hanover it becomes as a Social Democrat 1933 of the national socialists dismisses.

state of research

the life Gustav Noskes was processed so far in only few biographies, so in tungsten Wettes book “Gustav Noske”, a political biography from the year 1987. This work possesses a very broad, founded source basis, whereas Czisniks“Gustav Noske” on the memories of the former realm military Minister appoints itself to a large extent. The author has it unfortunately misses the own investigations to mark. Beside these biographies there are also still special studies to individual life phases Noskes. “The revolution in Kiel” is mentioned of in this connectionDirk Dähnhardt, this publication lit up mainly the expiration of the Kieler revolution in the focus, in addition, Noskes working during this phase. Which concerns the range sources from Noskes of own feather/spring, then it wrote, among other things five books “experiencing from ascent and fall of oneDemocracy ", which 1947 appeared and which represents memoirs Noskes. In the year 1920 are its revolution memories “from Kiel to cut” appeared. Further one finds short minutes of Noskes realm tag speeches, speeches in the national assembly or SPD Party Congresses.

writings (selection)

  • colonial policy and social-democracy, Stuttgart 1914
  • together with Adolph Koester:War travels by Belgium and north France 1914, Berlin 1914
  • from Kiel to cut. To the history of the German revolution, Berlin 1920
  • experiencing from ascent and fall of a democracy, open brook 1947 [also under the title ascent and fall of the German social-democracy.Deeply felt from ascent and fall of a democracy appeared]


  • tungsten bet: Gustav Noske. A political biography. Droste, Duesseldorf 1987, ISBN 3-7700-0728-X
  • Rainer Butenschön, kind of hitting a corner Spoo (Hrsg.): For what does one have to be the blood dog? The majority Social Democrat Gustav Noske and the German militarism of the20. Century. (Thistle booklets, volume 35). Thistle, Heilbronn 1997, ISBN 3-929348-18-7

Web on the left of

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| | * Literature of and over Gustav Noske in the catalog of the DDB



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