Gustav Radde

Gustav Radde, 1857
Gustav Radde, 1857

Gustav Ferdinand smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Radde (* 27. November 1831 in Danzig; † 15. March 1903 in low-read, Georgien) was a geographer and a natural scientist.

Table of contents


youth and Lehrjahre

Gustav Radde was born as a son of a teacher become impoverished. After the conclusion of the High School it made pharmacist teachings.

1852 it undertook nature-searching society with support of the Danziger after journey the Krim, where it remained three years. He observed there nature, put on extensive botanische and zoo-logical collections. He found contact to the biologist Christian von Steven and Piotr Iwanowitsch Köppen, to a member of the imperial Academy of Sciences in sank Petersburg, and could so its scientific knowledge extend.

research Ostsibiriens

on invitation of the Peter citizens geographical society 1855 it participated from 1855 to 1859 in an expedition to east Siberia. He investigated the environment of the Baikalsees, the Russian Daurien, the Amurgebiet and the eastern part of the Sajani mountains. After four years it returned with large collections of physical-geographical data. As Kustos at the zoo-logical museum sank Peter citizen academy worked on it from 1860 to 1862 its research results.

study of the Caucasus

(1862) it accompanied the natural scientist from bear to south Russia. 1863 it stepped a place at the physical observatory into low-reads on. 1864 it submitted and received to the administration of the Russian viceroy a precise program for the biological-geographical study of the Caucasus the order to accomplish it. 1867 he became a director of establishment of the Caucasian museum in low-reads, led it up to his death.

Its Forschungsreisen led it into all areas Transkaukasiens. It bereiste Armenia (1871), Dagestan, the Talysch mountains in Persia (1879-1880), Chewsuretien, Abchasien, Tuschetien, Pschawi, the Kolchi lowlandses. 1886 investigated Radde on one over six month's expedition the natural history of the transkaspischen area, were in Chorasan, Askabad, Kopet Dagh and Merw Serach.


many animal and plant types discovered described by it or carry its names in different languages. In addition Phylloscopus count schwarzi (Radde, 1863) (the “beard leaves singer”, “Radde's Warbler”), Prunella ocularis (Radde, 1884) (the “Steinbraunelle”, “Radde' s Accentor”), Bufo raddei bush, 1876 (the “Mongolian toad”, “Radde's Toad”), Betula raddeana Trautv., 1887 (a Caucasian Birke, “Radde' s birch”), Campanula raddeana Trautv., 1866 (the “Caucasus bellflower”) and Fritillaria raddeana rule, 1887 (a Central Asian bulb plant).

Radde published on German and Russian. After its death he was buried in Bordschomi to the Kura.


  • Ethnographie of the Krimtataren. 1874
  • four lectures on the Caucasus: Held in the winter of 1873/4 in the larger cities Germany. Perthes, Gotha 1874
  • Chews'uren and their country: A monographic attempt. Fischer, Cassel 1878
  • Ornis caucasica. 1884 FF.
  • The fauna and Flora of the southwest Kaspigebiets. 1886
  • journeys at the Persian-Russian border: Talysch and its inhabitants. Brockhaus, Leipzig 1886
  • from the Daghestani high alps. 1887
  • the east bank of the Pontus and its cultural development in pass the last thirty years: provisional report on the journeys in the kolchischen low country, Adsharien, on the east bank of the black sea, at the underflow of the Kuban and on the crossing of the main chain from Psebai to Sotschi in the summer 1893. Perthes, Gotha 1894 (with E. King)
  • the north foot of the Dagestan and the pre-aging low country up to the Kuma: Provisional report on the journeys implemented in the summer 1894. Perthes, Gotha 1894 (with E. King)
  • scientific results of the expedition after Transkaspien and north Chorassan, all most ordered in the year 1886. Perthes, Gotha of 1898
  • fundamentals of the plant spreading in the Caucasus countries of the lower Volga over the Manytsch Scheider up to the apical surface of high Armenia. Angel man, Leipzig 1899 (Gantner, Vaduz 1976, ISBN 3-7682-0987-3)
  • the collections of the Caucasian museum. Low-read o.J. (19XX)

Web on the left of


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)