Gustave Courbet

haven-guesses/advises, 1848-49, “man with whistle”
Gustave Courbet, photography of Nadar

Gustave Courbet (* 10. June 1819 in Ornans with Besançon; † 31. December 1877 in La-route-de-Peilz/Switzerland) was a French painter of realism.

Table of contents


family and early years

Courbet grewin a good-civil family in eastFrench law up. When desired its parents studied it starting from 1837 law on the Collège Royal in Besançon, but dedicated it fast more to drawing and already began myself after one year, indication hours To take Charles Antoine Flajoulot.

1840 it left Besançon, officially, in order to take into of Paris right courses, but it took there far instruction and developed its technology, by it in the Louvre and other museums the there works of art primarily more Spanish and DutchMaster copied. He strove for admission of his works in Paris salon, but only three of its 20 submitted pictures in the years from 1841 to 1847 was accepted, 1844 its Selbstbildnis with black dog. It lived on thatfinancial support of its family. it with its loved Virginie Binet a common son had 1847, but it left it 1850 and carried the boy forward.


Courbet met in the Brasserie ANDLER, „Temple of realism “, like it Jules Champfleury called, with other artists such as Charles Baudelaire, Pierre Proudhon and max bake-hone, with which it was friendly since the childhood already. In this round the new art current developed of the Realism.

In the year 1848, after which resignation Louis Philippes took place, that Paris salon without jury, and Courbet issued ten of its paintings, which were received enthusiastically by the criticism. it received 1849 for its painting after thatMeal in Ornans gold medal, the picture was acquired by the state. It painted now many scenes from Ornans as well as haven advice of its family and friends. A funeral in Ornans, 1850/51 of critics of the salon rejected, because it the religious feelingshurt, be considered today as the most impressive example this work time.

Grew women with

Getreidesieben the Courbets admittingness by the attention, which it excited. Its pictures were the new civil regime suspect, and the apparent threat grew Pierre by the interpretations, those among other thingsProudhon its pictures gave, even if Courbet this probably never intended.

the Gegenausstellung to Paris salon

the 1853 promised the government Courbet to paint for the world exhibition 1855 a large sized picture if it beforea draft for the investigation of a jury would submit. Courbet leaned this however indignant off, since he wanted not to be able to be cut in his artistic liberty. After three of the fourteen pictures for the world exhibition, submitted from it to the exhibition, were rejected(under it the Allegorie the studio of the artist), it established parallel to it with the financial support of his friend and promoter Alfred Bruyas his own pavilion you to Réalisme. In this further pointed became additional to eleven from the world exhibitionforty paintings shown.

With Gustave Courbet shows up in the paintings, which starting from 1860 developed, a egalitäre surface structure. Independently of the article and of the spatial view depth the colors were distributed on the canvas. In this way it reached that thoseprevailing articles in their dominance were levelled and all elements on a spatial level optically united at the same time. Courbet inserted thereby the spatula alternating with the brush and produced thereby a relatively even, only slightly pasty surface. This technologyin modified form by other artists, among them for example Oswald oh brook was taken up.

personal situation

view of Frankfurt, 1858.

Its friends had been arrested during the revolution or gone into the exile, or had themselves politically into othersDirections develops. Thus Courbet decided to expanded journeys. He came to Frankfurt/Main, where the academy of arts made its own studio to him available and celebrated it as celebrity; after Trouville, where it sea-pictures and haven advice of the there beautifulnessespainted and productively to sell could; after Etretat, where it met the young Claude Monet. It issued in Germany, Belgium and England and was often distinguished. The cross of the Ehrenlegion, it together with Honoré Daumier 1870 offeredit became both rejected however, in order to hold the opinion that the state was not to exert influence on artistic interests. This brought in in the republican camp many friends for it, and after the fall of the government one selected him 1869 toPresident of the republican art commission and in the year after to the town councillor and thus to the member in that Paris municipality.

the last years

after the dissolution by force of the municipality it became because of its participation in the destruction that Vendôme column to six months prison and 500 francs fine condemns. He served the punishment in the prison of Sainte Pélagie in Switzerland, was allowed however to paint there.

Its state of health worsened in the following years. In the hospital of Neuilly it painted50 pictures, which it could sell all together. In May 1873 the new French government compensation for the destroyed Vendôme column at a value of 335.000 francs required; it fled the demanded into Switzerland, into it trusted the law mountains, without hope,to apply enormous sum by the sales of pictures.

In La route de Peilz it lived its last years, always in hope for pardon. It got sick with the water craze and died to 31. December 1877. Its remnants became exactly 100Years later after Ornans transfers.


  • man with whistle (1848-49), oil on canvas, originalgrösse 45 x 37 cm, Musée Fabre, Montpelier. It is a Selbstportrait. It is a relatively popular picture, from it three copies was made.It shows it when hashish smoking. A scandal at this time.
  • Afternoon in Ornans (1849)
  • funeral in Ornans (1849)
  • the Steinklopfer (1849)
  • Bonjour, Monsieur Courbet (1854)
  • the studio, Louvre (1855)
  • L' Origine you moons, Musée d'Orsay, Paris (1866)

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| | *  Literature of and over Gustave Courbet in the catalog of the DDB



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