György Ligeti

György Ligeti [ˈɟørɟˈliɡɛti] (* 28. May 1923 in Dicsőszentmárton (today Târnăveni, filter defiency guarantee)) - a Austrian composer, that is Hungarian as one of the large composers 20. Century one sees. A larger public is well-known it by the fact that Stanley Kubrick several of its compositions in the film music of 2001: Odyssey in space used.

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Ligeti began its musical training at the conservatoire of Kolozsvár (today Cluj Napoca) and later in Budapest, it hadbut 1943 interrupt, because the national socialists forced it to it.

After the war it could take up its studies again and lock 1949. One year long he worked as Musikethnologe on Romanian people music, returned however then to his old school to Budapest, this time as a teacher for Harmony teachings, counterpoint and music analysis. To pursue at this time communication between Hungary and the west by the communist party reduced, so that Ligeti was forced to hear secretly western radio endings in order the current musical developments. After the rising of the people in Hungary 1956it fled to Vienna. Later it accepted the Austrian nationality, which it possesses until today. Its 1965 born son Lukas Ligeti lives as Schlagzeuger and a composer in New York.

In Vienna it was possible for Ligeti to meet some key figures of the avant-garde under it thoseKomponisten Karlheinz Stockhausenの und GottfriedミハエルKönigのダイスのdamalsはderがMusikをelektronischen Pionierarbeit im Bereichの leisteten。 Ligeti worked with them in Cologne Studio for electronic music and could by the sounds be inspired, which were generatable with the new technical possibilities. However it wroteeven only concentrated few works within the range of the electronic music, it on instrument valley music, which contains however frequently electronically sounding textures.

Recognized since this time Ligetis work better admits and. Ligeti took up 1973 a training activity to Hamburg , which he held until 1989.

it kept the unofficial Nobelpreis for music, the music Prize polar to 2004, in addition it became in the context of the festival Vienna decaying honour member of the Viennese concert hall company.

The large Kosmopolit lives today withdrawn and seriously ill into Vienna.


Ligetis earliestWorks are extensions of the musical language of its compatriot Béla Bartók. The pieces of piano of Musica Ricercata (1951-1953) are for example often compared with Bartóks Mikrokosmos.

Already in this early stage of its career Ligeti in its work was impaired by the communist party of Hungary. The tenth piece that Musica Ricercata was forbidden because of alleged “Dekadenz” by the authorities. If one considers the far more radical direction, which intended to hit Ligeti, it is hardly amazing that it left Hungary as soon as possible.

After its arrival in Cologne it began to compose electronic music. To the few work into this range Glissandi ( 1957) and articulation belong (1958). Later he dedicated again strengthens to the instrument valley music, which was affected however by its work with electronically produced sounds. Apparitions (1958-1959) was one of the first works, which brought in a certain critical attention for him, but it is itsnext work, Atmosphères, which admits today best is.

Atmosphères (1961) is written for large orchestra. It is considered as a principal item of Ligetis Œuvre, since it gives many of the topics, with which it in the course of the sixties would be occupied. It does without almostcompletely on melody, harmony and rhythm, and concentrates completely on the tone quality. It begins with a substantial Zusammenklang - each note of the chromatic scale over a spectrum of five Oktaven is played at the same time. The piece seems from this initial, very quiet To arise chord, whereby the textures constantly change themselves.

In the seventies its first opera Le Grande Macabre developed, inspired from the absurd theatre.

In the eighties Ligeti extended its stylistic spectrum. Its Etüden for solo piano developed during a long period inand the nineties eighties - they are occupied with complex rhythmic entangling, by „the Studies “for Player piano by Conlon Nancarrow and the African music of the southern seeing era were inspired. Among its large work projects also a row of instrument valley concerts, to those ranks the concert forPiano and orchestras (1985-1988) and the concert for violin and orchestra (1990/1992) belong. By its newest works are to be particularly mentioned the moreover one: Sonate for Viola solo (1991-94) as well as Síppal, dobbal, nádihegedüvel/with whistles, drums, reed-play the violin for Mezzosopran and four Schlagzeuger (2000).


Stanley Kubrick established the music of Ligeti at a broader public by the use of its music in some its films (unfortunately without Ligeti's agreement). Listed here the films are together with the selected music pieces, so far well-known.

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