HMS Victory

liner
ship data
name:Victory
keel-laying:23. July 1759
launching of a vessel (ship baptism):7. May 1765
completion:30. October 1760
building-threw: Navy yard in Chatham
crew:850 men officers and crews (under it 131 naval infantrymen)
technical data
type: Battery ship (timber construction, Dreidecker)
length over everything: 227 foot, 6 tariff (69,3 m)
length main battery deck:186 foot (56,7 m)
width:51 foot, 10 tariff (15,8 m)
drive:5,440 m ² sail surface
tonnage:2,162 t
displacement:3,225 t
depth:with middle load foot charge of sea-supplies
measures 25:almost 900 t amount to.
Armoring system:without
armament
12-Pfünder on quart-earthhit a corner: 12
12-Pfünder on the baking deck: 2
68-Pfünder Karronaden on the baking deck: 2
12-Pfünder on the main battery deck: 30
24-Pfünder on that middle deck: 28
32-Pfünder on the lower battery deck: 30
weight of a broadside: 1148 pounds (520kg)

HMS Victory was the name of several British warships.

Table of contents

origin and name

the today still existing Victory is already the fifth ship of the British royal navy, thatthis name carries. The first Victory, 1559 with 800 tons on Kiel put, was the flagship of Sir John Hawkins, when one defeated the Spanish Armada in the year 1588.

The second Victory, 1620 run from the pile, covered 875 tons and took on first andsecond Dutch war (1652 - 1657) part. revised , it still carried 1666 out its service in the third war against the Netherlands 1672 /74.

The third Victory, 1675 in service, already posed with 1.486 tons, was involved in the sea-battle of Barfleur 1692. ThreeYears later it was revised fundamentally.

From view of the admiralty the fourth Victory had an inglorious end contrary to its predecessor ships: 1737 with 1.920 tons of the navy made available, went it ten years later in an inconceivably strong storm, to that London stilldevastated, with the entire crew in the English Channel lost.

1758 called the Ministers of George II. of England an ambitious project for building of 12 liners in the life. At the point of the list was a ship - at the time at that time still without each name - of1 so mentioned. Rank over 100 cannons, which is to be built in Chatham. Already in the following one remembered year to be able to count on the keel-laying.

The year 1759 was the year of the victories for England - the high point of the seven-year-old of war measured onmilitary successes. On the country triumphierten English troops and their allied ones in Surat, (India), Minden and Québec, to sea one registered the won battles with Lagos and Quiberon. From the euphoria around the victories one gave the name to the shipVictory.

the building

the keel (elm tree trunks of up to 50,8 cm (20 tariff) diameter) became to 23. July 1759 on the navy yard in Chatham put. Whereupon the frames were established and covered with internal and outside skin, so „a three-layer trunk “(English.„three ply cladding “) developed. John LOCK, shipbuilding master on the navy yard, when this died however in the year 1762, was responsible for the building became Edward Allin its successor. To 30. October 1760 was registered the ship as „Victory “into the ship list of the British royal navy.

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History

Ansicht vom Bug aus
opinion from the nose
to 7. May 1765, almost 6 years after keel-laying, was left the Victory by pile. At that time one was usually in a the position to complete a liner of first rank within five years but the outstanding victoriesit had manifested the British sea power in such a way that one refrained from the original urgency. The construction costses up to the launching of a vessel amounted to 63,176 Pound of Sterling.
Of 1768 - 1778 were stationed the Victory in the reserve service in Chatham. In this time a ship of this size was not needed
To 12. March 1778 was activated it and in the May of the yearly became it to flagship of admiral Keppel.
HMS Victory
HMS Victory
to 23. July 1778 participated it in the sea-battle of Ushant
following was stationed it until 1782 in the English channel. Here was she during the discharge of Gibraltar and with combat before cape Sportel takes part.
Of 1782 - 1789 reserve service in Portsmouth
thereafter until 1791 service in English channel.
From 1792 to 1796 service as flagship in the Mediterranean. Participation in the Dezimierung the French fleetin Toulon of conquest of San Fierenzo and Bastia and at combat of Hyères.
At the 3. December 1795 took over admiral Sir John Jervis (the later Earl OF pc. Vincent) the command on the Victory. : To 14. February 1797 participation in the battle ofPc. Vincent
October 1797 with an inspection of the ship were determined structural damage. Whereupon the Victory was deactivated and their name was painted by the list of the ships. Until 1799 it served then as military hospital ship, before the Department of the Navy decided it to overhaul.
1800 - 1803 total overhaul and large change in Chatham
1803 - 1805 service in the Mediterranean under the command of admiral Lord Nelson. Of May 1805 until August 1805 pursuit of the French fleet to west India and back.
21. October 1805 battle of Trafalgar. With thisBattle was damaged the Victory heavily and returned afterwards over Gibraltar to England to the repair. The armament of the ship in the battle of Trafalgar amounted to 104 cannons
of 1806 - 1808 routine service on the Medway. In this time the Victory becomes a liner2. Rank down staged.
1808 - 1812 service in the Baltic Sea and in the meantime service as troop transporters.
1812 retirement from service in Portsmouth and separating from the active service. There a further large change and the Reklassifizierung than ship 1 take place. Rank with the goal it again in serviceto place. By the victory with Waterloo this is void.
1824 - 1836 mostly service as flagship of the port admiral von Portsmouth. In the meantime it is used also as accommodation for captains.
1837 flagship of the administration of the admiral in Portsmouth. It is long a time in Gosportfastened.
1847 to 1869 flagship of the fleet commander in Portsmouth
of 1869 - 1889 supply ship and auxiliary ship
thereafter again to today flagship of the fleet commander in Portsmouth later COMM other in Chief the Naval Home COMMAND
23. October 1903 rammed and nearly sinks dry-docked of the HMS Neptune,and then again repairs.
Until 1922 were swimming the Victory in the port fastened by Portsmouth. At this time however the condition of the ship was so bad that one brought it to its current couch place, the dock to 2, the oldest dry dock of the world, and there comprehensivelyrestored. , As far as possible and admits, the condition at present the battle of Trafalgar restored. This restoration was to 17. July 1928 finally.
In 2. World war was damaged the Victory by a bomb.

One can visit the Victory this very day in the Portsmouth. Fulfilled of, You were lent to history and naval tradition by Philipp of Watt of the titles “ The Westminster Abbey OF the Royal Navy “. It serves also today still COMM other in Chief of the Royal Navy for official receipts and meetings.

The ship applies together with the Mikasa in Yokusuka(JP) and the USS Constitution in bad clay/tone (the USA) as one „of the three of large historical warships “.

literature

  • The 100-gun-ship Victory (Anatomy OF the ship), John McKay, Conway maritime press. 1989
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