Hague convention to the protection of cultural property

Internationales Emblem: Schützenswertes Kulturgut
international emblem: Protecting value cultural property

Hague the convention to the protection of cultural property with armed conflicts is an international-law contract.

Table of contents

history

to the conference of the UNESCO, of 21. April to 14. May 1954 for the elaboration of a culture protection agreement into the Hague took place, became those Hague convention the protection of cultural property with armed conflicts to 14. May 1954 of most of the 56 participating states signs. To a further conference, which likewise took place 1999 into the Hague, second minutes were adopted for the convention of 1954. It plans a substantially extended protection of the cultural properties in the Kriegsfall.

The convention differentiates between respecting and the safety device of cultural property. The respecting obligation contains the prohibition of the destruction or damage and the theft, the plundering and seizure of cultural properties. With the safeguard obligation it concerns preventive measures, which are to be already accomplished in peacetime.

Cultural property in the sense of the convention is, without consideration for origin or ownership structures:

  • Mobile or immovable property, which is of great importance for the cultural inheritance of all peoples, like e.g. Build, art or historical monuments of religious or lay kind, archaeological places, clusters of buildings, which are as a whole from historical or artistic interest, works of art, manuscripts, books and other articles of artistic, historical or archaeological interest as well as scientific collections and important collections of books, Archivalien or reproductions of the cultural property designated above;
  • Buildings, which serve mainly and actually the preservation or exhibition of the designated mobile property, like e.g. Museums, larger libraries, archives and salvage places;
  • Places, which exhibit and „monument places “are called cultural property to not inconsiderable extent.

A substantial innovation of the supplementary protocol is the introduction of a committee with representatives from twelve states, which leads the list of the protected cultural properties and which conversion of the convention in the signatory states controls.

Germany the Federal Republic of Germany

ratified measures for

conversion

sign to East Germany [work on] in April 1967. Meanwhile more than 90 states joined the convention. For the conversion of the convention the Lands of the Federal Republic are responsible in Germany. 1961 were begun in the Federal Republic for the protection of the cultural property with the microfilming by Archivalien. The safeguard films are stored in centers the salvage place of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Barbarastollen in Oberried with Freiburg in mash gau.

Austria

of Austria became the convention with the BGBl.Nr. 58/1964 in the year 1964 ratify. The collection and evidence attitude of the cultural properties as well as the marking with the international protection character were accomplished 1976.

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