Halldór keel Kiel Laxness (actually Halldór keel Kiel Guðjónsson; * 23. April 1902 in Reykjavik; † 8. February 1998 in Gljúfrasteinn with Mosfellsbær) was an Icelandic writer and Literaturnobelpreisträger.
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it from wealthy house originated there - its parents were Guðjón Helgi Helgason and Sigríður Halldórsdóttir - could it his education by numerous journeys complete. On the continent he became acquainted with the catholicism and converted. Thisone recognizes also in its early novel the large weber of Kashmir (1927), which exhibits besides influences of expressionism and Surrealismus and on the other hand in the clay/tone pretty often reminded of early the Thomas's man. Halldór Laxness was called with civil name Halldór Guðjónsson. ItsIt put to artist names after the yard Laxnes (dt. „Salmon peninsula “) with Mosfellsbær too, where it had grown up. The name keel Kiel selected he with his conversion to the catholicism, to 6. January 1923 in the Benediktinerkloster pc. Maurice de Clervaux in Luxembourg, after the Irish martyr and Holy Kilian. 1930 he married Ingibjörg Einarsdóttir, 1945 began his second marriage with Auður Sveinsdóttir and he referred his constant domicile in Gljúfrasteinn with Mosfellsbær.
to honors it as the first Icelandic author of the modern times, which world fame attained. This occupiesit 1955 awarded Nobelpreis for literature. In addition it already received the world peace price , 1959 the Sonning price and the honour doctor of the Universities of Åbo 1968 , Reykjavík 1972 , Edinburgh 1977 and Tübingen to 1953 1982, on the occasion of its 80. Birthday.
longer time was it afterwards trailers of Marxist-communist teachings. Among other things this comes in its novel „atomic station “(1948) to the expression, where he turns also energetically against the stationing of US-American rockets on Iceland.
Further famous works of Laxness are „Salka Valka “(1931/32), „its own gentleman “(1934 - 36) and „world light “(1937 - 40). Into „its own gentleman “it concerns a persistent Kleinbauern, who does not want to give its Selbstständigkeit up despite most adverse circumstances (the Icelandic title reads „Sjálfstætt fólk “,to German: „independent people “). In „world light “it describes the life of a man from simplest conditions, who wants to become absolutely writers and fight therefore against many prejudices of its environment has.
The most well-known book of Laxness is probably the novel „the Iceland bell“(is. Íslandsklukkan, 1943 - 46). Leaned against historical figures (v.a. ) therein Arnas Arnaeus looks for the linguist Árni Magnússon around 1700 in rural Iceland for precious old writings. The poverty-stricken farmers hid, partly also re-designed this partial (e.g. in insulating material). Arnas falls in loveinto the beautiful bishop daughter Snæfríður, has to really in-permit itself however too little courage on a relationship to it, although its love is answered. The second action strand places with all landing on water washed farmers Jón into the center. He is accused the murder, can itself oneExecution straight still extract and errs afterwards for many years by Europe drawn by wars and social contrasts. This part of the novel, which is closely linked however with the other one (Arnas and Jón meet several times), reminded always famous Schelmenromane as for instance Grimmelshausens „Simplicissimus Teutsch “.
Laxness wrote still numerous further novels, among them „the lucky Krieger “(1952), in whom it pointed the negative sides out of Sagahelden partly sow-Irish - not necessarily for the joy of all of its compatriots. The book was written in consciously archaisierender language and becomesof many language Icelandic as the largest Parodie outstandingly. End of the 1950er years turned away it from communism. In its later novels „the fish concert “(1957), „the regained Paradies “(1960) and „at the glacier “(1968) is not also the social criticismmore so clearly. Laxness looks in its late work for new telling forms, which play particularly with the problem of the telling perspective. Instead of social and religion-critical topics held now taostische topics introduction into its books.
Some its novels were also filmed: „The fish concert “(„Brekkukotsannáll “, 1973) and „the regained Paradies “(„Paradísarheimt “, 1980) of the director Rolf Hädrich, „atomic station “(„Atómstöðin “, 1984) of Þorsteinn Jónsson as well as 1998 „on the glacier “(„Kristnihald undir Jökli “) and 1999 „good Ms“(„Ungfrúin góða og húsið “) of its daughter Guðný Halldórsdóttir.
Its complete work covers still numerous further novels and plays, also it was frequently journalistically active. Its works were translated into numerous other languages.
- 1919 barns náttúrurnar (novel, “the nature child”)
- 1923 Nokkrar sögur (narrations)
- 1924 Undir Helgahnúk (novel, “at the holy mountain”)
- 1925 Kaþólsk viðhorf (essays)
- 1927 Vefarinn mikli frá Kasmír (novel, dt. 1988: The large weber of Kashmir)
- 1929 Alþýðubókin (essay)
- 1930 Kvæðakver (poems)
- 1931 Þú vínviður hreini + 1932 Fuglinn í fjörunni (novel,dt. 1951, 1957:Salka Valka)
- 1933 Í austurvegi (report)/Fótataka manna (narrations)
- 1934 Straumrof (play)
- 1934 Sjálfstætt fólk I + 1935 Sjálfstætt fólk II (novel, dt. 1936: That would freesit; 1962: Independent humans; 1968: Its own Mr.)
- 1937 Dagleið á fjöllum(Essay)
- 1938 Gerska æfintýrið (report)
- 1937 Ljós home in + 1938 Höll sumarlandsins + 1939 Hús skáldsins + 1940 Fegurð himinsins (novel, dt. 1955: World light)
- 1942 Sjö töframenn (narrations) (dt. Filters Zauberer)/Vettvángur Trade Union of German Employees in (essays)
- 1943 Íslandsklukkan + 1944 Hið ljósa one +1946 Eldur í Kaupinhafn (novel, dt. 1951:Iceland bell)
- 1946 Sjálfsagðir hlutir (essays)
- 1948 Atómstöðin (novel, dt. 1955, 1989: Atomic station)
- 1950 Snæfríður Islandssól (play)/Reisubókarkorn (essays)
- 1952 Gerpla (novel, dt. 1977: Gerpla; 1991: The lucky Krieger)/Heiman EEC fór ('ofI went fort') to 1954
- Þættir (narrations)/Silfurtúnglið (play) at home
- 1955 Dagur í senn (essays)
- 1957 Brekkukotsannáll (novel, dt. 1961: The fish concert)
- 1959 Gjörningabók (essays)
- 1960 Paradísarheimt (novel, dt. 1971: The regained Paradies)
- 1962 Strompleikurinn (play)/Prjónastofan Sólin (play)
- 1963 Skáldatími (essays)(dt.To write time)
- 1964 Sjöstafakverið (narrations)
- 1965 Upphaf mannúðarstefnu (essays)
- 1966 Dúfnaveislan (play)
- 1967 Íslendingaspjáll (essay)
- 1968 Kristnihald undir Jökli (novel, dt. 1974: Seelsorge at the glacier; 1989: At the glacier)
- 1969 Vínlandspúnktar (essay)
- 1970 Úa (play)/Innansveitarkronika (novel, dt. 1976 Kirchspielchronik)
- 1972 Yfirskygðir staðir (essays)/Norðanstúlkan (play)/Skeggræður gegnum tíðina (essays)/Guðsgjafaþulan (novel, dt. 1979 the Litanei of the God gifts)/Af skáldum (essays)
- 1974 Þjóðhátíðarrolla (essays)
- 1975 Í túninu heima (novel, dt. 1978 on the house meadow)
- 1976 Úngur EECvar (“young was I”)
- 1978 Sjömeistarasagan (“filter master history”)
- 1980 Grikklandsárið (“the Greece year”)
- 1981 Við heygarðshornið (essays)
- 1982 Bráðum kemur betri tíð… (Poem selection)
- 1984 Og árin líða (essays)
- 1986 Af mennigarástandi (essays)
- 1987 Dagar hjá múnkum (diary)
- Friese, William: Halldór Laxness. ThoseNovels. An introduction. Basel, Frankfurt/Main: Helbing and light cock, 1995. In: Contributions to the nordischen philology, Bd. 24.
- Friese, William: Knut Hamsun and Halldór keel Kiel Laxness: Notes to works and effect. Tübingen, Basel: A. Franke, 2002. ISBN 3772027806
- Guðrún Hrefna Guðmundsdóttir: Halldór Laxness in Germany.Prescription-ion-historical investigations. Frankfurt/Main, Berne, New York, Paris: Long, 1989.
- Halldór Guðmundsson: Halldór Laxness. Life and work. Goettingen: Steidl, 2002. ISBN 3882438053
- Halldór Laxness; Sønderholm, Eric: De islandske Sagaer og andre essays. København: Gyldendal, 1963.
- Keel, Aldo: Innovation and restoration. The Romancier Halldór Laxnesssince the Second World War. Basel, Frankfurt/Main: Helbing and light cock, 1981. In: Contributions to the nordischen philology, Bd. 10.
- Kötz, Günter: The problem of poets and society in works of Halldór keel January Laxness. A contribution to the modern Icelandic literature. Pour: William Schmitz, 1966.
- Sønderholm, Eric: HalldórLaxness. EN monografi. København: Gyldendal, 1981.
Web on the left of
| | * Literature of and over Halldór Laxness in the catalog of the DDB
- The Nobel Prize in Literature 1955 (English)
- Laxness sides thatNewspaper Morgunblaðið (isl.)
- Laxness sides of the city Mosfellsbær (isl.)
- Halldór keel Kiel Laxness
|NAME||Laxness, Halldór keel Kiel|
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||actually Halldór Guðjónsson|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of Icelandic writers|
|DATE OF BIRTH||23. April 1902|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Reykjavík|
|DYING DATE||8. February 1998|