Hambacher celebration

Hambacher Schloss (2006)
Hambacher lock (2006)
Hambacher Schloss
Hambacher lock

the Hambacher celebration found 27 between that. and 30. May 1832 in the Pfalz on the Hambacher lock with new city at the crying race instead of. It had its roots in the discontent of the pfälzischen population with the Bavarian administrationand of early liberal of civil opposition in restoration and Vormärz is considered as high point.

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Prehistory

the Pfalz belonged 1797 /98 since to the French republic and oriented themselves therefore at the ideas of the French revolution. 1816 were assigned the Pfalz after the Viennese congress to the Kingdom of Bavaria and as “Rhine circle”, later - for the distinction of thatnorthBavarian Upper Palatinate - as “Rheinpfalz” posed under Bavarian administration. The rights of the population substantial were limited. In addition by high tariffs and taxes the economy of the Pfalz was strongly disadvantaged, so that large parts of the population became impoverished.

In the course of the French July revolution of 1830 formeditself also outside of the Pfalz a larger movement, which originally stood with their from the French revolution coming ideas of national unit and democracy in opposition to the actual balance of power. The Hambacher celebration represented a high point of this movement.

establishment of the “GermanPressing and native country association "

1830 were continued to limit still the rights of the Pfälzer population and a strict censorship was introduced. As reaction to the censorship and the pressure prohibition the journalists Philipp the Jakobs Siebenpfeiffer and Johann George August Wirth at the beginning of of February 1832 created the “German pressing andNative country association “. Chairman became a delegate Friedrich pupil, member of the board was also Gustav Bunsen, the later leader “Frankfurt being awake tower “(1833). This circle organized to 27. May 1832 in new city at that time to the Haardt a “people celebration “- politicalDemonstrations had been forbidden by the Bavarian authority -, which took place on the Hambacher lock mountain.

the Hambacher celebration

Der Zug zum Hambacher Schloss
the course to the Hambacher lock

on the celebration were approx. 30,000 humans from all social classes and from numerous nations present: from the student to Delegates, from the Frenchman to Poland, from whom zigtausende fled after the failure of the November rebellion 1830/ 31 over Germany to France, pulled the participants of the celebration to the Hambacher lock ruin. The principal claims were liberty, citizen rights and national unit. On the Hambacher celebration becamefrom Johann Philipp Abresch the colors black-red-golden, which became later the German national colors of the Weimar Republic, uses. Under these colors a free and federal Germany should develop, be obligated that for the democratic basic idea and as counterweight to the holy alliance of Russia, Austria and Prussia to stand should.

Philipp Jakob Siebenpfeiffer closed its inaugural address with the following words:

It lives the free, some Germany! Highly those lives Poland, which German allied one! Highly Franconias ( notes live: At that time “modern” Eindeutschung for “Frenchmen”), the German brothers, those our nationality andour independence respect! Highly live each people, who breaks its chains and swears with us the federation of the liberty! Native country - people sovereignty - people state highly!

meeting in the Neustadter shooting house

to 28. May 1832, which met second day of the Hambacher of celebration,itself in the Neustadter shooting house prominent German democrats and liberal, in order to advise over the further procedure.

While the journalists Wirth and Siebenpfeiffer suggested the further structure of opposition structures (the transformation of the German pressing and native country association into a political association), the present Burschenschafter pleaded for thoseimmediate education of a provisional government and the beginning of the armed rebellion to a firm date.

Above all the outstanding pfälzische delegate Friedrich pupil prevented the break between the two groups and requested further preparations to the rebellion. This inactivity criticized late Heinrich Heine:

… during the days of the Hambacher of celebration with some prospect of good success the general circulation in Germany could have been tried. That Hambacher days was the last date, which the goddess of the Freyheit granted us…

the consequences

the badly prepared attempt of someBurschenschafter to change over by Frankfurt being awake tower from the Hambacher movement to the armed revolution failed 1833 pitifully.

In the consequence of the celebration and increased after Frankfurt assassination attempts reacted the German federation in the years 1832 to 1834 with repression measures. Democrats and liberals were arrestedand the meetings - and Pressefreiheit still further reduced. With these reactionary resolutions the republican movement was brought for the time being back to succumbing.

During the March revolution the movement lived and could 1848/49 their goals first also partly convert. After striking down theseRevolution came it to a new restoration phase only to the French-German war from 1870/71 to one - however from above assigned - “smallGerman “agreement of the German states under exclusion of Austria, i.e. from the Prussian Prime Minister and later realm chancellor Otto of2 initiated Bismarck. German Reich among emperors Wilhelm I.. The liberals and democratic demands of the Hambacher of celebration went down during this establishment of realm however.

Relikte

flags, a Druckerpresse and contemporary documents are to be visited in a permanent exhibition in the Hambacher lock. Onethe black-red-golden flags of the Hambacher of celebration hangs in the plenary assembly hall of the Rhineland-Palatinian federal state parliament in German German to Mainz.

see also

Vormärz | Gaibacher celebration | March revolution

literature

  • ministry for education and cultural Rhineland-Palatinate (Hrsg.): 1832- 1982. Hambacher celebration. Liberty and unit, Germany and Europe(Exhibition catalog to the exhibition of the country Rhineland-Palatinate to the 150jährigen anniversary of the Hambacher of celebration. Hambacher lock, 18. May - 19. September 1982). Publishing house D. Meininger, new city at the crying race 1982

Web on the left of

 

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