|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Hessen|
|district:||Main Kinzig circle|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 50° 08 ' N, 08° 55 ' O 50° 08 ' N, 08° 55 ' O
|height:||104 m and. NN|
|surface:||76.49 km ²|
|inhabitants:||88.546 (31. December 2005)|
|Foreigner portion:||20.5% (30. June 2005)|
|Population density:||1,161 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip codes:|| 63450, 63452, 63454|
|municipality key:||06 4 35 014|
|City arrangement:||11 quarters of districts|
|address of the city administration:|| At the market 14-18|
|mayor:||Claus Kaminsky (SPD)|
Hanau, brothers Grimm city, city in the Rhine Main area. Upper center, High carousing - location and special status city of the Main Kinzig circle. Hanau is with approximately 89,000 inhabitants the sixth-largest city of Hessen.
Table of contents
Neighbour municipalities and - Hanau
circlesthe city Bruchköbel, in the northeast on the municipalities Erlensee and long same old, borders in the southeast on the municipality bald at the Main (in the bayrischenen district Aschaffenburg), in the south on the municipalities in the north on the municipality beautiful-hits a corner (Hessen) and Grosskrotzenburg and shark castle as well as the city Obertshausen (both circle open brook), as well as in the west to the cities Mühlheim at the Main (circle open brook) and Main valley.
Hanau is mentioned for the first time 1143 as water castle of the Mr. von Buchen on a Kinziginsel, when in a document Dammo of Hagenowe as a witness is called.1166/8 appear as an inheritance an aristocracy family, which designates itself first after its master castle Dorfelden, starting from 1191 after the castle Hanau. To 2. February 1303 lends king Albrecht I. the market and municipal law at Hanau.
1528 beginning of the reformation inHanau.
count Philipp Ludwig II. permits 1597. of Hanau Münzenberg calvinistischen refugees, in Hanau to establish itself (establishment of the Hanauer new city and crossing of the county from the Luthertum to the Calvinismus).
During the dreissigjährigen war the Swedish army used from 1630 to 1638the fortress town Hanau as base, in order from here on the surrounding countryside to control (Grimmelshausen processed the Swedish crew time Hanaus in its Schelmenroman “the adventurous Simplicissimus “). 1635 to 1636 became Hanau unsuccessfully by imperial troops under General Lamboy besieges. 1638 was driven out those Sweden by a surprise-raidlike assault from Hanau.
1669 closed count Friedrich Casimir of Hanau Lichtenberg a contract with the Netherlands westIndian company over the establishmentthe Kingdom of Hanauisch India as hanauische colony between Orinoco and Amazon in Netherlands Guayana. However the Netherlands French war terminated already soon this fantastic project. The county Hanau was thereupon financially fastened and the Hanauer count became by emperor Leopold I.underGuardianship of the land count von Hessen-Kassel posed.
1776 to 1783 took part the county Hanau with a troop contingent of approx. 2400 men on English side in the American war of independence. From the Subsidienerlösen the health establishment became William bath financed.
1810 to 1813 belonged to Hanau to the napoleonischen satellite state “Grand Duchy of Frankfurt “. After the people battle with Leipzig Napoléon Bonaparte in the battle could do with Hanau to 30. and 31. Octobers 1813 its last victory on German soil achieve (approximatelyBavarian-Austrian troops under general Wrede). After the departure of the French troops Hanau became part of the again-created cure Hessen.
Only 1821 was combined the old part of town Hanau and the 1597 created new city Hanau to a city.
Starting from 1910, accompanying with Hanaus ascent as industrial city, became with the transfer of two of Prussian railway - regiments (2. Railway brigade) and a railway secondary spare park afterhere, Hanaus important role as sneezing ion place underlined. A constant garrison had Hanau already since the dreissigjährigen war - with beginning of war there was 1914 beside the railway troops already mentioned still to infantry, Kavallerie and the powder factory Wolfgang - together approximately 7.000Military. Between 1914 and 1918 in Hanau approximately 170,000 recruits of all troop units were trained and sent away to the fronts of the world war.
To 19. March 1945 was nearly completely destroyed Hanau with an English air raid.
1972 become central beeches Hanauer quarter.
1974 becomesBulk sow home, high fir, small Auheim, stone home and Wolfgang, by the hessian regional reorganization, Hanauer of quarters.
Hanaudistrict town of the Main Kinzig circle was to June 2005. To 10.10.2005 the town council municipal authorities assigned to work toward the soon-possible circle liberty Hanaus and to take up for this appropriate negotiations with the country Hessen and the Main Kinzig circle.
of the Hanauer town council 59 belongs parliamentarian insideand parliamentarians on. The result of the local election of 26. April 2006 resulted in the following allocation of seats:
|18||CDU||of leader of the parliamentary group (FV) Franz Ott|
|17||SPD||FV Cornelia Ga|
|7||F.D.P.||FV Ralf Rainer Piesold|
|5||alliance 90/the Greens||FV Wulf Hilbig|
|5||Citizen for Hanau||FV olive deer leg|
|3||left wing party||FV yokes Dohn|
the Hanauer townscape had radically changed after the Second World War. No other city in Hessen was so strongly destroyed. Only seven houses stoodafter the last English bomb attack of 19. March 1945 still. In the near future the townscape is to be further changed, then the liberty place, formerly the parade place, is to be reorganized completely and converted to a Flaniermeile.
In Hanau are enterprises leading world-widefrom the technology industry such as Heraeus or VAC resident, as also the Dunlop - tire works. Country widely Hanau was come into the 1980er years as location of the nuclear industry and a meanwhile closed fuel element work into the headlines. On the former area that RWE NUKEM developed a Technopark under the patronage of Siemens.
Hanau is intersection of supraregional motorways (A 3, A 45, A 66)and a rail traffic knot. The main station is a ICE station. The distance to Frankfurt airport amounts to from the city centre only about 30km. The suburban traffic is among other things attached over the rapid-transit railway Rhine Main to the net of the Rhine Main traffic group.
Hanau was once onethe largest U.S. Army - bases in Europe. The military municipality of the location Hanau with Wolfgang and the air base Erlensee covered approximately 30,000 military and civilians for the high point of the cold war (Fulda Gap). A departure of the remaining troops is foreseeableand is to take place to 2008. (See also:foreign Militärbasen in Germany).
Hanau fights up to the today's day with an enormous local indebtedness, which is however still under the Federal average.
The golf course in Hanau at the William baths health establishment became2004 taken up to the circle the leading gulf Courses OF Germany (the best golf courses of Germany).
Since the logging-off of Oberbürgermeisterin Margret Härtel (CDU) by the Hanauer choice citizen is her adversary Claus Kaminsky (SPD) after his swearing-in in to 17. November 2003 Mayor of Hanau. It supports itself by after the local election from March 2006 strongly weakened large coalition from CDU and SPD.
Hanau is seat of the 1772 created „national indication academy “, one of the oldest training centres for Goldschmiede and silver silberschmiede as well asfor engravers, Metallbildner and Schmucksteinfasser.
Objects of interest
acquaintance objects of interest are the German gold forging house (formerly Altstädter city hall), lock Philipps peace and the historical health establishment William bath. The health establishment is one of the most popular local recreation goals in the Rhine Main area. One finds one in the health establishmentto extensive park into in the summer thousands humans from the whole Rhine Main area stay.
The game park old person Fasanerie in the local part small Auheim is a steeped in tradition game park. It is the goal of many humans on the search for recovery from thatRhine Main area.
On the market place the national monument of the brothers Grimm stands, directly before the Neustädter city hall. In the proximity is those Wallonisch Netherlands church, establishment place of the German Turnerbundes.
During the Adventszeit one can admire largest Advent calendar at the market place in Hanau apart from a walk on the Weihnachtsmarkt of Hessen: The 24 windows of the Neustädter of city hall are with radiating pictures ofTo artists decorated the city dwellers only gradually up to the Christmas eve reveal themselves. On Wednesdays and Saturday takes place at the Mark place a weekly market with rural products from the close Wetterau and the Spessart .
lock Philipps peace in Hanau
lionLock Philipps peace
of sons and daughters
Hanau is birth city of the following persons:
- Johann Christian Hundeshagen (1783), forest scientists
- of brothers Grimm, Jacob (1785) and William Grimm (1786)
- Ernst Friedrich George Otto ofthe mark castle (1786) (writer and poet)
- Moritz Daniel Oppenheim (1800-1882), painter
- William Carl Heraeus (1827), entrepreneur
- pure hard of Scheffer Boyadel (1851), German general
- Paul Hindemith (1895), composer
- Renate Schmidt (1943), SPD politician
- Harald forge (1957), athlete
- Rudi of full (1960), formerFootball professional/team head of the German national soccer team
- Thomas Berthold (1964), former football professional
- Dirk Raufeisen (1966), jazz pianist
- Angelo Barletta (1977), football professional
- William Carl Heraeus (1827 - 1904)
- Johann Heinrich nickel (1828 - 1908)
- Dr. jur. Eugen Gebeschus (1855 - 1936)
- Fritz Canthal (1848 - 1922)
- pure hard Scheer (1863 - 1928)
- Dr. engineer. h.c. Charles angel hard (1867 - 1950)
- Heinrich Fischer (1895 - 1973)
- Hans Martin
- Rudi of full
Paul Hindemith price
the cityHanau honours Paul Hindemith since the year 2000 with the Paul Hindemith price (until 2004: Paul Hindemith price for music and humanity of the city Hanau). Winners are so far:
- 2000 : the Jazzposaunist Albert Mangelsdorff
- 2002 : the composer Rolf Riehm
- 2004: thatPianist and conductor Daniel Barenboim
- 2006 : the Bratschistin Tabea Carpenter
brother Grimm price
Partnerships between cities
|Dartford, Great Britain|
|dead tori, Japan|
|Jaroslawl, Russian federation|
|Conflans Sainte Honorine, France|
|Doorn, the Netherlands|
|Walter-live, to Germany (Thuringia)|
|Pays de Hanau, France|
(in each case to 31. December)
- 1998 - 87,716
- 1999 - 87,809
- 2000 - 88,294
- 2001 - 88,801
- 2002 - 89,185
- 2003 - 88,897
- 2004 - 88,772
- 2005 - of 88,546
member-strongest association of the Main Kinzig circle is the turn municipality 1837 Hanau a.V.
In addition Hanau is homeland of the oldest hessian soccer association, the 1. Hanauer fiber plastic 1893 registered association. andthe TSV Hanau 1860.
In the same year as the TSV Hanau 1860 also the TV boiler city one created.
Web on the left of
- web page of Hanau
- press releases of the city Hanau (archives)
- museums in Hanau
- private web page with extensive information to objects of interest and historythe city
- further one left to the topic „Hanau “ in the open directory Project
bath Orb | Bath Soden Salmünster | Biebergemünd | Birstein | Breaking valley | Bruchköbel | Erlensee | Flörsbachtal | Free court | Gel-live | Grosskrotzenburg | Gründau | Hammer brook | Hanau | Hasselroth | Jossgrund | Long same old | Lens court | Main valley | New mountain | Niederdorfelden | Nidderau | Rodenbach | Ronneburg | Schlüchtern | Beautiful-hit a corner | Sense valley | Steinau at the road | Guard brook