Hanns Johst

Hanns Johst (* 8. July 1890 in Seerhausen with Riesa, Saxonia, † 23. November 1978 in resting pole thing) was a writer, dramatist and functionary of the NSDAP at the time of the national socialism.


Table of contents

lives

youth, study and vocational beginnings

of Johst buildup as a son of a people school teacher in Oschatz and Leipzig , where he put 1910 down its Abitur. In former times career aspirations was to be become Missionar. With 17 years it was at short notice active as male nurses in the Bodelschwingh' institute in Bethel. Afterwards it studied medicine, Germanistik, philosophy and history of art. Its study at the Universities of Leipzig, Munich and Vienna he broke 1915 off. 1914 it published its first drama, the one-act play the hour of the dying. As a war kriegsfreiwilliger Johst became after only two months because of an illness not specified in more detail from the army to dismiss and lived afterwards than free writer and Regieassistent. He married the wealthy Johanna feather/spring, with which he referred 1918 a messuage at the Starnberger lake.

development as stage author and a dramatist

Johsts early work developed in the spell of the expressionism. Examples of it are the beginning (1917) or the king (1920). With the piece the lonely one over the dramatist Christian Dietrich Grabbe obtained Johst 1917 its break-through as a stage author. The piece exhibits already völkische and anti-Semitic elements, which should solidify themselves in its novel cross way and the play prophet of 1922. Bert break conceived its drama “Baal” as artistic argument and counterpart to the “lonely one” from Johst, which break as “terrible expressionism” designated.

Later Johst used one more realistic style. In this time the comedies change-over switches and dealers ( 1923), the merry city ( 1925) and jam ( 1926) developed, which social bad states as failure the democratic condition of Germany represent, as well as the historical drama Thomas Paine (1927).

Into the 1920er years Johst had become one of the most well-known German new generation dramatists, whom the political rights for itself lodged a complaint.

career in the national socialism

1928 joined Johst the combat federation for German culture, created by Alfred rose mountain . 1932 it became member of the NSDAP (member NR. 1,352,376). In its essay point of view and progress of 1933 well-known Johst itself expressly to Hitler's world view.

After the seizure of power Johst was relevant at synchronising the section for Dichtkunst at the Prussian academy of the arts, at which dissolution of the German PEN - center and the establishment of the union of national writers takes part. As a president of the realm bibliography chamber, a subsection of the realm culture chamber, he managed an institution, from which the national socialists the “ reservation of the bibliography expected themselves and unsuitable and unreliable elements” starting from 1935.

During the third realm Johst dressed further offices, among other things Chefdramaturg of the Schauspielhauses at the gendarme market in Berlin, president of the section for Dichtkunst at the Prussian academy of the arts, president of the union of national writers. In January 1934 he was appointed the Prussian Council of State. It was member (No. 274,576) the general SS, became to 30. January 1942 the SS-group leader appointed and to 9. November 1944 taken up to the staff of the realm leader SS.

After end of war Johst one interned and to 7. July 1949 classified of residents of Munich a arbitration board in the Entnazifizierungsverfahren first asMitläufer “. An appointment procedure ended with the classification as “mainguilty” and a three and a half-year old labour camp punishment. After its release from custody Johst could seize 1955 literary no more foot. It died to 23. November 1978 in resting pole thing.

the drama “Schlageter”

with its “leader” dedicated piece of Schlageter obtained Johst largest success in its career as a stage author. The drama, on which it had worked from 1929 to 1932, became to 20. April 1933 to Hitler's birthday uraufgeführt. Schlageter was played by numerous German theatres in over 1.000 cities. Johst received for it scarcely 50,000 realm Marks of percentages of profits. The piece is occupied with the free corps fighter Albert Leo Schlageter, which was condemned during Ruhr occupation (1923) from a French military court to death, since he had committed notices on military traffic facilities. Johst proclaimed it to the “first soldier third of the realm”.

From the Schlageter also those originates falsely Hermann Göring attributed statement: “If I culture hear… I release my Browning " (1. Act, 1. Scene). Johsts dedication - a certification of the siding - “for Adolf Hitler in loving admiration and unwandelbarer loyalty” impressed Hitler just like contents of the piece.

prices and honours

works

of novels, narrations, novellas

  • the beginning, 1917
  • the cross way, 1921
  • Consuela, 1924
  • Consulea. From the diary of a Spitzbergen travel, 1925
  • they go in such a way, 1930
  • the Begnung, 1930
  • the foolishness of a love, 1931
  • Ave Maria, 1932
  • nut/mother without death. The meeting, 1933
  • mask and face, 1935
  • Gesegnete Vergänglichkeit, 1955

dramas

  • hour of the dying, 1914
  • Strof, 1915
  • young humans, 1916
  • the foreigner, 1916
  • straw, 1916
  • the lonely one, 1917
  • the king, 1920
  • prophets, 1922
  • change-over switches and dealer, 1923
  • the merry city, 1925
  • the Mr. Monsieur, 1926
  • Thomas Paine, 1927
  • Schlageter, 1932
  • Fritz Todt. Requiem, 1943

lyric poetry

  • Wegwärts, 1916
  • Roland call, 1918
  • nut/mother, 1921
  • songs of the longing, 1924
  • letters and poems of a journey by Italy and by the desert, 1926

essay, speeches, propaganda writings among other things

  • Dramatic work, 1922
  • knowledge and certain, 1924
  • I believes! Germany, 1938
  • call of the realm, is called confessions
  • , 1928 my earth echo of the people, 1940
  • Hanns Johst speaks to you (expenditure for collecting), 1942
  • narrations, 1944

literature

  • Siegfried Casper: Hanns Johst. Munich: Are enough/for Mueller. 1940.
  • Rolf dark mountain: Hanns Johst: The Barde of the SS. Careers of a German poet. Paderborn: Schöningh publishing house. 2004. ISBN 3-506-71729-4
  • Curt Hotzel: Hanns Johst. The way of the poet to the people. Berlin: Frundsberg. 1933.
  • Elizabeth Kleemann: Between symbolic rebellion and political revolution. Studies to the German Boheme between empire and Weimar Republic - Else Lasker pupil, Franziska countess Reventlow, franc Wedekind, Ludwig Derleth, Arthur Moeller van bridge, Hanns Johst, Erich laborious. Frankfurt/Main and others: Peter Lang. 1985. (= peppering citizen university writings to newer German literature history; 6) ISBN 3-8204-8049-8
  • Helmut F. Pfanner: Hanns Johst. From the expressionism to the national socialism. The Hague: Mouton. 1970. (= Studies in German literature; 17)
  • Esther Rossmeissl: Martyr wording in the literature of the third realm. Taunusstein: Driesen. 2000. ISBN 3-9807344-1-2

Web on the left of

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