Hans Dietrich Genscher

Hans Dietrich Genscher (* 21. March 1927 in Reideburg, today too resounds to the Saale) is a German politician (FDP).

Hans Dietrich Genscher presents president George H. W. Bush a piece of the citizens of Berlin wall (21. November1989)

It was from 1969 to 1974 Federal Ministers of the Interior as well as from 1974 to 1992 Federal Ministers of the foreign one and deputies of the Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. Were from 1974 to 1985 it in addition Federal leader of the FDP.

Table of contents

lives and occupation

after the attendance of a high school in resounds/for Saale out carried Genscher 1943 to service as a Air Force aid, became then 1944 to the realm work service and 1945 to the armed forces drawn in. It came with end of war only into American and then into British war shank. After its dismissal he worked first as an assistant building laborer and put then 1946 down the auxiliary maturity examination. Afterwards it completeda study of the jurisprudence in resounds/to Saale and Leipzig, which it terminated 1949 with the first legal state examination in Leipzig. After its escape into the Federal Republic of Germany 1952 he put 1954 down the second legal state examination into Hamburg. Since then is it as an attorney certified. 1956 he became a first scientific assistant of the FDP Bundestag faction, whose managing director was he from 1959 to 1965.

Hans Dietrich Genscher is married with Barbara Genscher and has a son.

a party

1945 it becameat the age of 18 years member of the NSDAP. Genscher was from 1946 to 1952 member of the LDP in resounds/Saale. Since 1952 it is member of the FDP. From 1962 to 1964 he was Federal business manager of the FDP. 1968 it becameto the deputy Federal leader selected. Of the 1. October 1974 up to 23. February 1985 he was finally Federal leader of the FDP. Into its term of office as party chairmen also the turn of that fell the social liberal coalition 1982 for coalition with the CDU/CSU. ThoseFDP had thereupon bad election results and withdrawals formerly prominent party members, like e.g. past Secretary-General Günter, accept hay gene.


Genscher was from 1965 to 1998 member of the German federal daily. It was always overthe national list North Rhine-Westphalia into the German Bundestag drawn in.

public offices

after the election to the Bundestag 1969 Genscher was considerably involved in the education of the social liberals coalition and became to 22. October 1969 as Federal Ministers of the Interior in of Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt led Federal Government appoint. Into his term of office the taking of hostages of Israeli sportsmen fell during the olympic plays 1972 in Munich. Genscher made itself available as an exchange hostage, this of the Palestinian Geiselnehmern was however rejected. Genscher played asMinister of the Interior in the Guillaume affair around the GDR feeler gauge with Federal Chancellor Brandt a partial unsettled role, its further career did this however no abort.

After the resignation from Willy Brandt and the choice of walter cross-eyed to the Federal President became Genscher to 16. May 1974 as Federal Ministers of the foreign one and deputies of the Federal Chancellor into now the Federal Government led from Helmut Schmidt appoint.

After the social liberal coalition had been again confirmed with the election to the Bundestag 1980, Genscher worked already soon - here above allsupported by the Federal Minister for Economic Affairs Otto count Lambsdorff - on an end of the coalition between SPD and FDP. Reason in particular were the differences increasing between the coalition partners in the economic and social politics. Also the missing support of Federal Chancellor Schmidt inits own party was regarded as problematic. To 17. September 1982 withdrew Genscher together with the remaining FDP Federal Ministers.

At the 1. October 1982 became then in a constructional vote of no confidence the past opposition leader Helmut Kohl also by the majority of the FDP Bundestag factionto the Federal Chancellor selected. To 4. October 1982 returned Genscher as a minister of foreign affairs and vice-chancellor to the Federal Government.

As a minister of foreign affairs it stood for balance politics between east and west and developed own strategies for an active policy of detente. It had largePortion of the European agreement and of the success of the German reunification, about which he negotiated 1990 with its GDR colleague Markus Meckel. Initially it faced however the consistent reunification plans Chancellor Kohl cautiously. In the late summer 1989 it reached departure permission forthose GDR - Citizens, who had fled themselves still before the wall opening into the Prager message of the German Federal Republic. Besides it supported an effective support of the political reform processes particularly in Poland and Hungary. The means used for it led to it,that its and Federal Chancellor of Helmut Kohl politics every now and then as cheque book diplomacy was also adversely designated.

Criticism caused the early acknowledgment of the formerly Yugoslav partial republics Slovenia and Croatia operated by Genscher by the Federal Republic of Germany in December 1991 . This was also Austria co-ordinated. Thus it jumped over itself over EEC - the convention. This following possible acknowledgments should actually only starting from that 15. February 1992 to be carried out and the results of the so-called bath intercommission be waiting. Also UN-Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar hadthe German Federal Government warned that an acknowledgment from Slovenia and Croatia will lead to an expansion of the aggression in past Yugoslavia.

To 18. May 1992 separated Genscher on own desire from the Federal Government, to which it belongs altogether 23 yearshad. Its decision had it three weeks before, to 27. April 1992, surprisingly admits given. At this time was it of Europe of serve-oldest ministers of foreign affairs.

Since 1994 Genscher is a fee professor at the petrol Suhr institute for political science of the free University of Berlin, of 2001 until 2003 he was a president of the German society for foreign policy (DGAP).


Saale ) and the city Berlin resounds to honours honour citizens of its birth city.

to 6. May 2003 it received the University of Leipzig


  • we is come to you, in order to communicate to you the fact that tonight your departure [… into the Federal Republic will be possible.] The end of record went down regarding the rejoicing. (In the yard of the Prager message of the Federal Republic to 10,000 leave the country-willing DDR-Bürgern to 30. September 1989)


  • H. - D. Genscher: Memories, settler publishing house, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-88680-453-4 (no more in the trade available)
  • Hans Dieter Lucas (Hrsg.): Genscher, Germany and Europe. Nomos publishing house, Baden-Baden 2002. ISBN 3-7890-7816-6
  • Werner Filmer and Heribert swan: Hans Dietrich Genscher. Updated expenditure for paperback.Moewig publishing house, restcorrode 1993.ISBN of 3-8118-2815-0


Hans Dietrich Genscher was member of the Federal Governments under Willy Brandt, Helmut Schmidt and Helmut Kohl.

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