Hans Joachim Marseille

Hans Joachim “yokes” Marseille (* 13. December 1919 in Berlin; † 30. Südl di settembre del 1942. Sidi Abd el Rahman, Egypt) was a German flighter pilot, captain and flier ASS in the Second World War.

Table of contents

lives

was born Hans Joachim Marseille as a son of a major general of the Air Force. It visited the prince Heinrich High School in Berlin beautiful mountain, which it successfully terminated with 17 years. In the year 1938 it announced itself therefore voluntarily to the Air Force. Already during its training its aeronautical talent turned out clearly, however it had problems with the discipline of a soldier and the respect exerted by it opposite the superiors. For example he ignored minimum flight altitudes and landed with a practice flight once on a motorway because of a human need.

In August 1940 Marseille could be shifted after careful peace training as a cw2 to the training squadron 2 to the channel coast, where it had its first enemy contacts. During the air battle around England it reported to 24. August 1940, its first combat day, its first air victory. On its second combat day it shot its second machine and received thereby the iron cross 2. He received the iron cross 1 to class, after its fifth firing, three days later. Class. In March 1941 Marseille was finally shifted to the fighter wing 27 to North Africa. In its time at the channel coast he got twice a nonjudicial punishment, and. A. five days detention.

In North Africa it was promoted in June 1941 to second lieutenant and received in the December of the same yearly the German cross in gold. While its first raid over Libya it could register its first firing in Africa. In the weeks following on it further were added, but tightened themselves it the displeasure of his direct superior first lieutenant Gerhard Homuth , since Marseille, as soon as he saw a raid witness, separated from the federation and attacked the opponent arbitrarily. This contradicted any rule of aerial engagement. , This displeased its group commander captain Neumann also, but recognized it the large aeronautical talent of Marseille.

In May 1941, after Marseille had to register 13 firings, it was finally promoted to second lieutenant. Shortly thereafter it had to make an emergency landing after heavy hits in the no man's land and achieved only after a long foot march intactly the own lines. In the following months Marseille deliberated itself ever more upon its obligations than soldier and fliers. It cooperated in aerial engagement ever more with its comrades and accepted military basic rules as far as possible. Appointed the foreman, he was suitable on in innumerable employments considerable hit precision.

In February 1942 Marseille obtained as a most successful pilot of its squadron the 50. Firing, for which it was distinguished with the knight cross of the iron cross and promoted to first lieutenant. When Homuth transferred the entire group in May, Marseille moved up to the relay leader . In the following months it obtained on the average two up to five enemy firings per aerial combat. Marseille had become not only in Germany a celebrity, but also with its opponents. The British pilots are even the instruction to have received not to attack Marseille no more or evenly only in a group. The British finally set for “- pilots elite” on Marseille. Among them also the flier ASS was Clive Caldwell, which could shoot some relay comrades of Marseille, on Marseille however never met.

In June 1942 first lieutenant Marseille shot six opponents in only eleven minutes and received in the same month as a second pilot of his fighter wing after 75 air victories oak leaves to the knight cross. It was at this time the 97. Soldier, who received this honor. To 17. June announced the fighter wing 27 to the 100. Firing of Marseille. He was thereby a first flighter pilot, who had reached the mark 100 against westallied pilots. The award of the swords to the knight cross with oak leaves, following on it , took place directly in Berlin . At the time at that time this high honor had only been lent at 12 soldiers.

After it had returned to its squadron, Marseille found completely different situation, than those, which it had left because of its journey to Berlin. Luftwaffe was back-pushed in Africa into the defensive. The German pilots faced a six times larger opponent, which let the losses of the squadron rise. Already on the first employment day Marseille could shoot 10 a raid witness.

At the 1. Septembers 1942 arrive to it on only one day of 17 confirmed firings in three employments. Its total firing number increased thereby to 121. After it to 2. September of five further firings and 126 altogether to book knew, it the brilliants to the knight cross with oak leaves and swords was lent. It was thereby only the fourth carrier of this honor. In the following days further air victories were added and it to the fifth time in the armed forces report were in particular mentioned. To 24. September 1942 it was finally promoted with 22 years to up to then youngest captain of the Air Force. The supremacy of the opponents and associated continous uses showed also with Marseille effect. It was often overtired and abgekämpft, whereupon it general field marshal Erwin Rommel offered personally to front vacation, by having been supposed to sit with the “desert fox” with a speech Adolf Hitler beside him. Marseille rejected however, since it wanted not to leave its relay and to Christmas to its engaged one wanted.

To 30. September 1942, which day of the demonstration returned in the sport palace, the relay combatless, when the machine of Marseille, because of a technical defect fire caught a Messerschmitt ME 109 G-2. It was directed by its comrades - because his disks were smeared by oil, in order to save itself on German territory. When it had to finally jump off, it was for it in the wrong flight attitude (the airplane was not on head turned over not the risk to run from the tail unit to be met.), so that it was met by the tail unit and consciousness lost and/or. was dead immediately. To pulling the reissleine of the parachute he did not come any longer.

It was buried afterwards with military honours in Derna. In the crash place a small pyramid became by 3. Relay and their Italian friends of the squadron establish. On the bronze board of the pyramid stood written: Here unbesiegt Hptm H.J. died. Marseille. After the war Marseille was transferred and buried after Tobruk in the there honour mark of the Africa corps.

1989 on the original place a new pyramid by its old relay comrades delighted with the identical inscription, in different languages (Arab, German & Italian).

Captain Hans Joachim Marseille obtained 158 air victories in 388 raids up to its death. Luftwaffe honoured the outstanding flighter pilot by designation of barracks after it.

honors

filming

  • the star of Africa, 1956 (IMDB)

documentations

  • Hans Joachim Marseille - the star of Africa

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