Hans Arp

Hans or Jean Arp (* 16. September 1887 in Strasbourg; † 7. June 1966 in Basel) was a German painter, sculptor and a poet. It is admits for its cooperation in the motion the Dadaismus and the Surrealismus, and as a member of the group of Abstraction Création.

Table of contents

lives and work

Hans Arp became 1887 as a son of a cigar manufacturerin at that time German Strasbourg born and buildup with the German and the French language equally. In its youth it was interested particularly in the poets of the German romance (new fact-read, Brentano, Tieck) and French poetslike Arthur Rimbaud and Lautréamont.

From 1904 to 1908 Arp studied screen end art at the art school Weimar and to the Académie Julian in Paris, which he left disappointed again. Starting from 1909 it lived in Switzerland. 1911 it becameJoint founder of the artist combination modern federation. He became acquainted with Kandinsky and attached over him contacts to the blue rider.

1915 was issued Arps abstract works for the first time in Zurich and 1916 illustrated it Tristan Tzaras of 25 poems. Over it learnedit Hugo ball and smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Huelsenbeck know and became the joint founder of the Dadaismus in Switzerland. On switching of Schwitters 1920 Arps poem volume appeared the cloud pump, the texts call Arp “Textcollagen “.

1922 married Arp Sophie Taeuber. The connection of the two was artistically extremely fruitful.1923 began Arp a co-operation with the German Dadaisten briefly Schwitters; in the same year it pulled to Paris and participated in a group exhibition of the Surrealisten . 1940 became its worksfrom the national socialists as degenerate art classified and Arp fled into the unbesetzen part of France. It wrote its poems now particularly on French; during this time it over no studio and it ordered had its work on easy, transportableand cheap materials limit. The dessins aux doigts (finger designs) and paper froissés (crumpled papers) developed, naked surviving by allowances by Maja Hoffmann and for other sponsors one made possible.

Sophie Taeuber Arp deceases to in the middle of January 1943 inZurich. It prevails to disagreement whether it died at the consequences of a traffic accident or in the sleep at a carbon monoxide poisoning. Arp needed years to recover over from the loss to and dedicated itself to Sophie many works. Together with George Schmidt he worked ona Monografie over their work. 1949 traveled Arp to the USA, where Arps art registered increasing success by the New Yorker Galeristen Curt Valentin. Since the majority of its buyers lived there now, it came again to considerations whether one Emigration would not be meaningful. The plans Arps were not converted however.

Between 1950 and 1959 Arp sketched several large plastics for the universities of Harvard and Caracas and the UNESCO - to buildings in Paris. 1952 traveled Arp to Rome and Greece,and received there new suggestions, plastic to work (for example „Kobra Kentaur “), for which it received the international price for sculpture on the Biennale 1954 in Venice. Arp became now the successful artist. 1957 appeared the first comprehensive Monografie, 1958 dedicated to itthe museum OF decaying kind in New York a retrospective. Its art was now so in demand that it could employ coworkers.

Arp died 1966 in Basel. Its grave is on the cemetery of the church Santa Maria in Selva in Locarno.


the “donation Hans Arp and Sophie Taeuber Arp registered association” places its extensive collection with works particularly from Hans Arp and Sophie Taeuber Arp to the exhibition in the “Hans Arp museum, station Roland-hits a corner “with Remagen toOrder.


1917, „the grave putting of the birds and butterflies “(wood relief), art gallery Zurich
1928, „configuration “, public art collection Basel
1931, „Amphora “, painted wood relief, art collection North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf
1932, „configuration “, plastics
1953, „female Torso “, plastics

expenditure for work

  • collected poems1903-39. In co-operation with the author given change of Maruerite Arp Hagenbach and Peter Schifferli, Zürich, ark, 1963.


  • Carola Giedion Welcker, Hans Arp, Stuttgart, Hatje, 1957 (with detailed bibliography until 1957).

Web on the left of

  • {{#if:
|| * Literature of and over Hans Arp in the catalog of the DDB


Wikiquote: Hans Arp - quotations


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