Table of contents
childhood and youth
As a child Grimm was shy and träumerisch. It lived withdrawn, since it was strongly sehbehindert by an accident and in addition suffered from allergies. Already early it showed literary talent: Thus he wrote a drama over Robin Hood at the age of twelve years. After the Abitur 1894 it began to study in Lausanne literature science, fallow the study however on pressure of its father already after one year again off.
Starting from 1895 it went through training as the foreign trade buyer in London. After their conclusion 1897 Grimm was adjusted by a German trading venture in haven Elizabeth (South Africa). Starting from 1901 he was an independent buyer and port agent in East London and managed additionally a farm. 1908 he came for short time to Germany.
career as journalist and writers
1910 he returned to Africa and wrote press reports from the German colony at that time German southwest Africa, the today's Namibia. In its texts from this time for the first time the key word of the “habitat politics “emerges, with which it admits later in far circles become should.
After its return to Germany it began 1911 a study of the political sciences in Munich (1914-1915) and in Hamburg. Besides it worked as a free author. 1913 appears the South African novellas, in which it its impressions from German southwest Africa finished and a racistic attitude articulates opposite the African inhabitants.
In the First World War Grimm served first as a front soldier, later than interpreters. 1917 he was assigned by the office for realm colonial to write a propagandistic representation over the German Kolonisten in Africa which appears 1918 under the title of the Ölsucher of Duala. Subsequently, Grimm served the highest army command as a scientific auxiliary worker in the foreign department.
After end of war Grimm acquired a building of a dissolved monastery in Lippoldsberg at the Weser and established themselves here as a writer.
Like many conservative politicians and intellectual ones he feels the German defeat in the First World War - and in particular the associated loss of the German colonies - as national disgrace and faces the constituted Weimar Republic rejecting.
break-through with people without area
starting from 1920 worked Grimm on the novel people without area, which should make it suddenly prominent with its appearance 1926. Therein it publicises the acquisition of habitat as solution strategy for the economic and political problems of the German republic. The novel develops to one of the usually-sold books of the Weimar Republic, its title becomes rapid a winged word. The Slogan people without area offered itself as handy formula, with which all social and economic problems of the republic were attributed causally to an alleged space lack. Grimms novel and its Rezeption worked as resonance amplifiers of a tendency, which could be called “collective Klaustrophobie”, by the national socialists in their conceptions of the “habitat in the east” were a little later taken up and finally in the so-called. Master planner east was converted. Grimm is considered as a favourite author Adolf Hitler.
To add it is however that Grimm dreamed not about “habitat in the east”, but rather about the classical colonialism of the Kaiser era (“the German humans [needs] area around itself and sun over itself”).
Grimms relationship to the national socialism
defiance of the ideological proximity remained Grimms relationship to the national socialism ambivalence. He became after the seizure of power first a senator of the German academy of the seal and member of the realm bibliography chamber, however 1935 these to dismiss. It was also at no time member of the NSDAP. After propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels threatened it 1938 with arrest, it withdrew itself to a large extent from the public.
These heavy differences did not prevent it to go after 1945 as Apologet of the national socialism into action. In the lampoon the archbishop writing. Answer of a German, a reaction to a message of the archbishop of Canterbury to the German population, he calls the German war of aggression a measure for the defense of the “European culture” against communism and gives to Great Britain the actual debt for the escalation of the war.
With the elections to the Bundestag 1953 Grimm on the list of the right-wing extremists German realm Reich stood as a candidate. 1954 published Grimm under the title why, from where, but where? again a comprehensive defense of the national socialism. In the restaurativen era Adenauer to a large extent socially isolated, died Grimm end of the 50's in its house in Lippoldsberg.
The “Lippoldsberger poet days” - annual readings of nationalconservative authors, whom Grimm from 1934 to 1939 organized again and starting from 1949 in its house - was continued after its death from its daughter hell Grimm to 1981.
- 1913 South African novellas. Frankfurt/Main: ??
- 1918 the Ölsucher of Duala. A diary. Berlin: Ullstein.
- 1926 people without area. Munich: Albert Langen.
- 1928 the thirteen letters from German southwest Africa. Munich: Albert Langen.
- 1931 the writer and the time. Confession. Munich: Albert Langen.
- 1933 which we look for, is everything. Three novellas. (Berlin, 1933).
- 1933 loading cutting country. Filters occurences. (Munich, 1933).
- 1938 English speech. As I see the Englishman. Gütersloh: C. Bertelsmann.
- 1940 Russian-Germans and Danube Germans as groups of peoples of different fertility. In: DArchLandesVolksforschung 4
- 1950 the archbishop writing. Answer of a German. Goettingen: ??
- 1954 lives in expectation. My youth. Lippoldsberg: Monastery house publishing house.
- 1954 why, from where, but where? Lippoldsberg: Monastery house publishing house.
- 1960 searches and hoping. Lippoldsberg: Monastery house publishing house.
- Klaus van Delft: Critical Apologie of the national socialism: Hans Grimms conservative revolution? In: Jörg Thunecke (Hrsg.): Wrong of the words. Panorama of the literary national socialism. Bonn: Bouvier. 1987. (= papers to the art, music and literature science; 367) ISBN 3-416-01930-X
- Klaus van Delft: The misjudged Hans Grimm. Lippoldberg: Monastery house publishing house. 1975. ISBN 3-87418-150-2
- Gudrun Eiselen: South African way of life in Hans Grimms seal. o.O. 1951.
- D. Rubber strip man: Area as dream. Hans Grimm and its Saga of the peopleness. In: Karl Schwedhelm (Hrsg.): Prophet of the nationalism. Munich: Cunning. 1969.
- H. Sarkowicz: Between sympathy and Apologie: The writer Hans Grimm and its relationship to the national socialism. In: Karl Corino (Hrsg.): Intellectual one in the spell of the national socialism. Hamburg: Hoffmann and Campe. 1980. (= books to the thing) ISBN 3-455-01020-2
- Heike Wolter: People without area. Habitat conceptions in the geopolitical, literary and political discourse of the Weimar Republic. An investigation on the basis from case studies to lives and work Karl Haushofers, Hans Grimms and Adolf Hitler. Cathedral Hamburg London: LIT. 2003. (= social and restaurant economics; 7) ISBN 3-8258-6790-0
- Peter Zimmermann: Fight for the habitat. A myth of the colonial and blood and soil literature. In: Refuge Denkler and Karl Prümm (Hrsg.): The German literature in the third realm. Topics - traditions - effects. Stuttgart: Reclam. 1976. ISBN 3-15-010260-X
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|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of German writers and nationalistic journalist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||22. March 1875|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wiesbaden|
|DYING DATE||27. September 1959|
|DYING PLACE||Lippoldsberg at the Weser|