Hans's Werner Henze

Hans Werner Henze (* 1. July 1926 in Gütersloh, east Westphalia) is a German composer. It lives since 1953 in Italy and since 1961 in Marino, province Rome, region Latium.

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showed 2,2 Web on the left of [work on] lives Henze, oldest of six children of a teacher. This and its political attitude led to arguments with its conservative father. It began 1942 a study at the state State of Braunschweig. it took 1944as a soldier at the Second World War part.1945 it became Korrepetitor at the city theatre Bielefeld. It could continue 1946 its study with Wolfgang Fortner in Heidelberg.

In its first compositions Henze argued with the twelve-audio engineering , thus in the first symphony and the first Violinkonzert (1947). 1948 he became musical coworker at the German theatre Konstanz, and its first opera the miracle theatre (after Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra) developed. 1950 it became ballet conductor at the hessian national theatre in Wiesbaden. In these years it composed beside two broadcast operasand the first piano concert its first important stage work, the opera boulevard Solitude (1951), a modern version of the Manon Lescaut - material. He was also participant of the Kranichsteiner of vacation courses for new music in Darmstadt.

From Germany disappointed, he moved 1953 to Italy, thatfor its further life its homeland became. First he lived in Forio d'Ischia, since 1961 then in Marino. After the disputed premieres of the opera king deer (1956) after Carlo Gozzi and the ballet Maratona (1956) with a libretto of Luchino Viscontifruitful co-operation began with the Dichterin Inge-borrows brook man. Out of it the operas the prince went from Homburg (1958) to Heinrich of Kleist and the young lord (1964) to William Hauff as well as the pieces of night and airs (1957) andthe Chorfantasie (1964) out.

1962 1967 led Henze a master class for composition at the Mozarteum Salzburg and had 1967 a Gastprofessur at the Dartmouth college in New Hampshire. One of its largest successes became the premiere of the opera the bass-arid (after Euripides ' Bacchanten)with the salt citizen festivals. Afterwards Henze strengthened its political commitment, by which now its following works were also affected. In addition the Oratorium the raft of the Medusa, whose premiere failed 1968 in Hamburg because of West Berlin the participations, those belong under one haven-guessed/advised from Che Guevaraand with set up revolution flag not to play wanted; the sixth symphony (1969), the second Violinkonzert (1971) as well as the piece for speakers and chamber ensemble El Cimarrón (1970). Developed during its training activity 1969 -1970 in Havanna on Cuba on the basis of a book of Miguel Barnet. With the opera incoming goods Come ton the River (we reach the river) after Edward bond reached Henzes society-critical art 1976 their high point.

As the first festival for the spreading of new music Henze 1976 the CAN animals Internazionale based d´Arte in Montepulciano, where 1980 its child opera Pollicino was uraufgeführt. 1980 1991 it led a composition class at the college of music Cologne . It created 1981 in Mürzzuschlag (Steiermark) the Mürztaler music workshops, 1984 likewise into the Steiermark the Deutschlandsberger youth music celebration and finally 1988 the Munich Biennale, a “international festivalfor new concert hall ", whose artistic leader was he. Its own operas became again more conventionally, so the English cat (1983), again after Edward bond, and the betrayed sea (1990) after the novel Gogo NO Eiko of Yukio Mishima.

Also in its late work human coin/shape andpolitical commitment further its compositions. The Requiem in such a way specified (1990), consisting of nine religious concerts for piano, trumpet and chamber orchestra wrote to the memory that early the deceased musicians Michael Vyner to Henze; the ninth symphony for mixed choir and orchestra (1997) alsoVerses after the novel the sieved cross of Anna Seghers is an argument with the darkest German past, from which Henze suffered in its childhood and youth. Current success was 2003 the premiere of the opera L'Upupa and the triumph of the son love after a SyrianFairy tale with the salt citizen festivals.

it received the Westfäli music price, which carries its name since 2001 to 1995. To 7. November 2004 was lent Henze for music science of the university for music and theatre the Munich.

works

  • operas
    • the miracle theatre (1948,UA 1949)
    • Boulevard Solitude (1951, UA 1952)
    • a country doctor. Radio opera (1951/94; Stage version 1964, UA 1965)
    • the end of a world. Radio opera (1953/93; Stage version 1964, UA 1965)
    • king deer (1952-55, UA 1956; work on 1962 as IL RH cervo or the erring travels of the truth, UA1963)
    • The prince of Homburg (1958, UA 1960; again 1991) Elegie
    • for young loving orchestriert (1959-61, UA 1961; revise 1987)
    • The bass-arid (1964-65, UA 1966)
    • the young lord (1964, UA 1965)
    • Moralities (1967, UA 1968; work on 1970)
    • The lengthy way into the dwelling of the NataschaTremendously (1971)
    • La Cubana, or a life for the art (1973, UA 1974; Chamber version La piccola Cubana 1990-91)
    • incoming goods Come ton the River (we reach the river) (1974-76, UA 1976)
    • Pollicino (1979-80, UA 1980)
    • IL ritorno d'Ulisse in patria [of Claudio Monteverdi (free reconstruction ofHWH)] (1981)
    • The English Cat (the English cat) (1980-83, UA 1983; work on 1990)
    • The betrayed sea (1986-89, UA 1990), libretto of Hans Ulrich Treichel
    • “IL RH Teodoro in Venezia” (after Giovanni Paisiello) (1991-92, UA 1992), under cooperation of David Graham
    • Venus and Adonis (1993-95, UA1997), libretto of Hans Ulrich Treichel
    • L'Upupa and the triumph of the son love (2000-03, UA 2003)
  • ballet
    • ballet variations (1949)
    • Jack pudding (1949: withdrawn, trained into Le disperazioni del Signor Pulcinella)
    • the vowel cloth of the chamber singer pink silver (1950)
    • Le Tombeau d'Orphée (1950, withdrawn)
    • labyrinth (1951)
    • the idiot (1952/90)
    • Pas d'action (1952, withdrawn, trained into Tancredi)
    • Maratona (1956)
    • Undine (1956-57)
    • L'usignolo dell'imperatore (1959)
    • Tancredi (1964)
    • Orpheus (1978)
    • Le disperazioni del Signor Pulcinella (1992-95)
    • Le fils de l'air (L'enfant changé EN jeune homme) (1995-96)
  • symphonies
    • symphony Nr.1 (1947/63/91)
    • symphony Nr.2 (1949)
    • symphony Nr.3(1949-50)
    • Symphony Nr.4 (1955)
    • symphony Nr.5 (1962)
    • symphony Nr.6 for two chamber orchestras (1969/94)
    • symphony Nr.7 (1983-84)
    • symphony Nr.8 after Shakespeares summer eight-dream (1992-93)
    • symphony Nr.9 after Anna Seghers' the sieved cross for choir and orchestra (1995-97), libretto of Hans Ulrich Treichel
    • symphony Nr.10 (1997-2000)
  • concerts
    • chamber concert forPiano, flute and strike ago (1946)
    • Concertino for piano, Bläser and Schlagzeug (1947)
    • Violinkonzert Nr.1 (1947)
    • piano concert Nr.1 (1950)
    • desert to the west wind for Violoncello and orchestra (1953)
    • retort bass concert (1966)
    • double concert for oboe, harp and strike ago (1966)
    • piano concert Nr.2 (1967)
    • Compases para preguntas ensimismadas for Violaand 22 instruments (1969-70)
    • Violinkonzert Nr.2 (Hans Magnus Enzensberger: Hommage à Gödel) for Bassbariton, violin, 33 instruments and tape (1971/91)
    • Tristan. Préludes for piano, orchestra and tape (1972-73)
    • dear songs for Violoncello and orchestra (1984-85)
    • Requiem. Nine of religious of concerts for piano, trumpet andOrchestra (1990-92)
    • Introduktion, topic and variations for Violoncello, harp and strike ago (1992)
    • Violinkonzert Nr.3 three of haven advice from of Thomas's man “doctor Faustus” (1996)
  • film music
    • “Katharina Bluem” (1976)
    • “a love of Swann” (1983) (composed together with David Graham , Gerd Kühr and Marcel Wengler)
    • “L'Amour A Mort”(1984)
  • Writings
    • music and politics, writings and discussions 1955-1984. dtv, Munich 1984
    • like “the English cat” developed. Fischer, Frankfurt A.M. 1997
    • composing at school. Notes from a workshop. Bulkhead, Mainz of 1998
    • travel songs with böhmischen Quinten (Autobiografie) Fischer E.G., Frankfurt A.M. 2001
    • L'Upupa.Pieces of night from the morning country. Auto+biographic reports. (Autobiography part of 2) Propyläen, Berlin 2003

literature

  • Henze, Hans's Werner (1996). Travel songs with böhmischen Quinten: Auto+biographic reports 1926-1995. Frankfurt A. M.: Fischer.
  • Petersen, Peter: Hans's Werner Henze. A political musician. Berlin 1988
  • Jungheinrich, Hans Klaus (Hrg.):In the course of the time. Continuity and change with Hans's Werner Henze, in co-operation with the old person opera Frankfurt, Mainz 2002
  • Kerstan, Michael/clouds, Clemens (2006): HWH - Composer of the present. The reality Kraft. Henschel publishing house. ISBN 3-89487-536-4

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see also: German composers NAME



 

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