Hapkido (or Hap AI DO, Hapgido) is a Korean self-defense system, which is very similar to the Japanese Aikido in subranges, there it like Aikido of Daito Ryu Aiki JuJutsu was affected. Further elements become from the modern impact and footstep systems (z. B. Taekwondo, hiring Udo) uses. Hapkido works primarily according to circular letters the principle. Throws, levers, footsteps, nerve pressure point techniques and defensive defense techniques are implemented from the turn in the circle.
- Hap means all-comprehensively;“Harmony” (between bodies and spirit)
- AI for Kraft/energy and
- DO for the way.
Hapkido is a combat art, which consists primarily of defense techniques. The pupil becomes acquainted with first defense methods, lever techniques and throws on most diverse attacks. As own attacks stepping and impact techniques are taught. Impact, steppingand weapon defense are in the Hapkido also contained. Techniques with weapons (short stick, measurer, long stick, sword, technical and further weapons) are only late taught relatively.
Hapkido is meant as self-defense, therefore there are also no professional matches. There are different Hapkido styles, which in philosophy differ.In addition, in most styles the kämpferische aspect of self-defense is judged as important, it gives style directions, in which the with one another stands in the community in the foreground.
Ein wichtiger Aspekt des Hapkido ist das Prinzip des Kreises. Angriffe werden nicht geblockt, sondern in einer kreisförmigen Bewegung zum Ursprung zurückgeleitet (eine Stilrichtung: Hwal Moo Hapkido --> Hwal MOO = art of the rotation).
With Hapkido there are 9 Kup - and 10 Dan - degrees.Hapkido exhibits similarities with the Japanese self-defense technology Aikido , since the founders of Hapkido and Aikido had the same teacher (Takeda school, see. Daito Ryu Aiki Jiujitsu)
table of contents
Schools and federations
Hapkido is offered by different schools, which are united for their part in federations. Kup and Dangrade (belt stages), techniques and examinations are easily different from school to school.
- Korean Hap AI DO Federation: The largest Korean federationis the Korean Hap AI DO Federation.
- Jin young Kwan school: The Jin young Kwan school is the largest school within the KHF. Their representative for Germany and Austria is at present large master Choi Kiel Bong (7. Dan).
- June DO Hapkido: June DO Hapkido is a further developed Hapkido system,which the traditional system only extends. Based on the around & Yang philosophy with June DO Hapkido hard and soft elements are mutually supplemented. Thus the movements become more natural. Founder of this system is large master Seong hectar of Cho.
- Internationally Combat Hapkido Federation, is the largest not KoreanHapkido organization world-wide and became of Grandmaster John Pellegrini 9. Dan based. In Germany will it represented by Self Defense Germany and master Instrucor Gregor Huss
Hapkido knows techniques from the following ranges:
- Punches (Kwon Sul)
- kicks (Bal Chagki), foot techniques (YukSul)
- hand techniques: Lever, throws (hone seemed Sul)
- drop school (NAK Bop)
- breath technology (Ho Hop Bop)
- weapon techniques: Short stick (Bong), central stick (Chungbong), long stick (Changbong), Krückstock (Nibong), sword (Gum), Shinai, etc.
Hapkido was conceived by Choi Yong Sul, after it during it Japanese occupation of Korea like also Ueshiba Morihei (the founder of the Aikido) under Takeda Sokaku allegedly the Japanese Daito Ryu Aiki JuJutsu in Japan studied. After its return to Korea it called its combat art, which it had learned, Yawara. GM Choi changed the names of its combat art quite often. Thus it called italso: Yu Sul (switch art), Yu Kwon Sul (switch fist art), Hapki Yu Kwon Sul (in unit with AI switch fist art). Its pupils created later own styles with own designations (e.g. Hapkido, Kuksoolwon, Hwarang DO etc.), which have the principles together, itself however inDetail differentiate between. The term “Hapkido “was used for the first time by Ji Han Jae into the late 1960ern. Only after the completion of the Korea war the Hapkido of the western public became accessible. The combat art Hapkido found also its way intermediate to Europe and wins alsohere ever more trailer.
Hapkido is neither sport nor play, but a self-defense art and an holistic philosophy. Hapkido has a multiplicity of techniques against almost all kinds of attack, e.g. Footsteps, impacts, impacts, levers, throws, block and weapon techniques, their execution a training of the entire body as well as onespecial forming out of the spirit required and is nowadays indispensable in the training of Korean special-purpose forces of the safety and armed forces.
championships in the Hapkido aligned by the individual schools or federations, often participate Hapkidoin also in open matches. Thus it gives toExample the every 2 years delivered technique European championship of the IHC.
- Christian Bülow: Hapkido: the Korean combat art; the large German technical book of the techniques and the attitude of mind of the Korean Hapkido standing behind it. Books on and GmbH, north first EDT 2004, ISBN 3-8334-0776-X
- Hui Son Choe: PracticalHap AI DO Textbook: The korean martial kind OF self defense., Hui Son Choe Pub., Seattle 1998, ISBN 0966825411
- Ko Myong: Shinson Hapkido, movement for the life. Shinson Hapkido Assoc., Darmstadt 1994, ISBN 3-9804195-0-9