Harp

Chromatische und Diatonische Harfen
chromatic and Diatoni harps

the harp belongs to the stringed instruments. It is one of the oldest music instruments of mankind and can already around approximately 3000 v. Chr. in Mesopotamien and Egypt to be proven.

Under the three Grundtypen of the stringed instruments (harps, Zithern and sounds)the harp is characterized as an instrument, with which the strings pull perpendicularly (angle harp) or tapered and in a coordinate perpendicularly on the resonance cover and thereby in oscillation shift it (for Zither = strings are appropriate parallel sounds = to the resonance cover, for oscillation transmission indirectly over the frameworks,Strings are appropriate likewise parallel, for oscillation transmission by bar on the resonance cover). The harp is with 180 cm height and approx. 35 kg weight the largest and heaviest orchestral instrument.

Table of contents

history

the harp as Irish symbol. Flag of the Irish province Leinster

the harp is world-wide very common. In northern Europe (contrary to the Mediterranean area, Medialib) the first illustrations of harps in Ireland appear around approximately 800 n. Chr. These harpsform the basic type of all today world-wide common harps with its characteristics (swung neck, tapered string arrangement). One the oldest received harp from that 15. or 16. Century, designated after the legendary Irish king Brian Boru, has one from only one trunk gebeitelten Korpus. AsResonance wood was used pasture wood . The harp can be visited in the library of the Trinity college in Dublin. A very ähnlches copy, the Queen Mary Harp is in the museum OF Scotland in Edinburgh. The Brian Boru harp is on the Irish Euros and centsillustrated.

harp types

Saiten ohne Stege
strings without bars
Schnarrer einer Harfe
Schnarrer of a harp

gathering molds of the harp

  • Pektis or Kithara (collective term for the antique Greek harp; Subspecies are Sambyke, Trigonon, Psalterion, Magadis,und Nablium)
  • Kantele
  • Kinnor (Bezeichnung der biblischen Harfe)

Harfen in der Mythologie

Die Harfe ist unter dem Namen Kantele das Instrument des finnischen Schöpfergottes Väinämoinen und des hebräischen Königs David, der mit ihr die bösen Geister seines Vorgängers Saulaustreibt. (NeitherKantele still the instrument, which played David, are to be called instrumentenkundlich harps.) also in different nordischen legends emerge it, thus in the Wälsungen legend or the Beowulf.

musicians

Liste von Harfenisten

Web on the left of and literature data

 

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