Harmonik (lat. - gr. harmonia, joining, agreement) - comprehensive term of the music theory and - practice for that nature part of the mehrstimmigen music, which mark the Zusammenklang, thus the vertical component and by it the simultaneousness of different voices.

Harmonik is one the parameter thatMusic and covers all stylistic forms of the Zusammenklangs of music absolutely, beginning with the early Mehrstimmigkeit of the European Middle Ages up to sound structures of the avant-garde.

Like the Mehrstimmigkeit the Harmonik is a European development.

Under harmony teachings against it those becomes systematic collection of the chord shapes and the tonal sound area understood, connected with methodical guidances for the error free handling of the sound connections in the sense of the traditional defaults of the music within the dur moll tonal epoch (approx. 1600 into the present).

The term „harmony teachings “supports itselfon Jean Philippe RAM from (1683-1764) Traité de l'Harmonie (1722), a treatise, which still during the time of the general bass theory aligned more analytically to one uses the realizations of the fundamental bass theory. And later of Simon the Sechter developed by Jacob Gottfried weber ( 1779-1839) (1788-1867) and Arnold beautiful mountain (1874-1951) developed stage theory (Harmonik) became toward end 19. Century by the function theory justified of Hugo Riemann (1849-1919 ) supplements. Both systems kept into the today's time with modifications and extensions.

With harmony teachings becomeshowever only one partial aspect of music history - the Harmonik - under satztechnischen and analytic criteria seizes. Harmony teachings mean above all to obtain from an educational intention handicraft teachings which must lead to certain abstractions and simplifications, there onestylistic development from over 300 years to to consider is. Harmony teachings come nevertheless this very day a central meaning, there it to view of stylistic - and thus interpretatorische - basic questions of the music between 1600 and 1900 give. Beyond that is basic knowledgeof harmony teachings also for the understanding of the so-called.Popular music or the jazz indispensably.

see also:

Function theory, counterpoint, Quintenzirkel, twelve-clay/tone music, stage theory (Harmonik).


  • franc Sikora, new jazz harmony teachings, ISBN 3795751241
  • pure hardAmon, encyclopedia of the harmony teachings, Vienna 2005, ISBN 3476020827
  • Arnold beautiful mountain, harmony teachings, universal edition 1922, ISBN 370240029x
  • Vincent Persichetti, Twentieth Century Harmony, New York/London 1961, ISBN 0393095398
  • Paul Hindemith, Unterweisung in the clay/tone set, Mainz 1940, ISBN 3795716004

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