Resin (low mountain range)

that resin, in the Middle Ages hard (= „mountain forest “) mentioned, is the northernmost low mountain range in Germany and the highest mountains of Northern Germany. The countries Lower Saxony, Saxonia-Anhalt and Thuringia have portion of the resin. That breaking, highest mountain intothe resin, applies since the late Middle Ages as the most famous „witch meeting place “in Europe, which also Goethe in its fist describes.

Berg-Panorama, von links: Rehberg, Achtermannshöhe, Brocken, Wurmberg
Mountain panorama, from left: Deer mountain, figure eight man height, breaking, worm mountain into
view of breaking
Teufelsmauer mit Harz im Hintergrund
devil wall into with resin in the background

table of contents

Geografie, general

the mountains is 110 km long and 30-40 km broad, covereda surface of 2.226 km ² and reaches Goettingen from the line salt lattice - up to the Luther city ice life. It is divided into the lower Unterharz in the southeast with heights up to 400 m - whose high surfaces are also agrarian usable- and the higher summits of the majority of wooded Upper Harz in the northwest, which reaches heights up to 800 m. Upper and Unterharz are separated by a line, which pulls itself from who Niger desert to bath loud mountain, from each other. Only the breaking into massif raisesitself over 1.000 m and. NN. The highest mountain is that breaking (1,141 m into), its Nebengipfel is southwest in the southeast the Heinrichshöhe (1,044 m) and the king mountain (1,023 m). Further outstanding collections are the field break mountain elevator course (927 m), the figure eight man height(925 m) and the worm mountain (971 m) with brown situation.

Carlshausturm auf der Carlshaushöhe (626 m ü. NN)
Carl house tower on the Carl house height (626 m and. NN)

That resin is a Schollengebirge, which drops after the west and northeast relatively steeply and flattens themselves to the south gradually. The mountainsby several deep valleys one cuts through. In the resin is the national park resin, which was formed 2006 as the first landspreading national park of Germany from both national park already existing the resin (Lower Saxony) and high resin (Saxonia-Anhalt). Approximately around the mountains that liesexpanded resin before country.

That resin is geologically the most varied of the German low mountain ranges, whereby cousin-poor rocks outweigh by far. Its landscapes are by steep mountain ranges, block waste dumps, Hochebenen with many Hochmooren and elongated, narrow valleys characterized, of those the Bodetal alsoits places Wendefurth, Treseburg, Altenbrak and Thale one the most well-known is.

Unfolding took place mainly during a salient phase of the Paläozoikums, in the context of the variskischen Gebirgsbildung before 350 to 250 million years. In this time of geologic history developed inWestern Europe numerous high mountains, among other things Fichtel and Rheini slate mountains. They were eroded however by their high situation (up to 4 km) strongly and covered later by mesozoischen rocks, so that them usually only as „variszische islands “between theseprotrude.


resin 1852

after the year 174 began the large Suebenauszug, which depopulated the country of the Havel up to the resin. Into the area left by the Sueben from care in Sweden the coming movedPeople that warning and Heruler , of which all were created the places, their name up - live (= deduction, inheritance) to end. Into the eastern part resin gau they established themselves, like the places Weddersleben, Harsleben and way lives testify.

The resin gau first in a document of the emperor Ludwig of the pious one from the year 814 , in the high-German form Hartingowe is called. After the yearbooks from Fulda to the year 852 became the resin gau of the Harudeninhabited and after them the Harudengau (Harudorum pagus) mentioned. Harud, from which hard, hard, became resin, means forest, forest mountains, and the Haruden is on or inhabitants of the Harud.

Recent origin are the settlements with the naming - rode, those only sincethe center 9. Century in resin gau are provable. From where the founders of these places came, is unknown.

resin fortress 1945

the resin fortress was one of the largest boilers in the final fight for Germany 1945. In February/March 1945 that calledRealm leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, the resin fortress for the defense of Central Germany before the westallied out. Headquarters lay with bright castle. To the mobilized units the divisions of the 11 belonged. Army, divisions of the weapon SS and the people storm. As those1. US army north living (south resin) reached and further northward to advance wanted, met it on persistent resistance, particularly in the mountains around the range of the cities Ilfeld and Ellrich. Only to 7. May 1945 the last federations of the 11 capitulated. Armyand the weapon SS in the mountains of the resin. There troops of the people storm unite deliberately the end of war by their commanders were concealed, fought them still far into May against the Americans.

former one German-German border

by the westernThird ran to 1990the German-German border “between east and west. The breaking into plateau and further resin summits close to the border were a large military restricted area for the first time, in at the 3. Decembers of 1989 demonstrating Wanderer came. The tourism for breaking into is since thenvery intensively become, other heights and nature beautifulnesses are however still nearly forgotten:And beech forests, bath lakes and Tropfsteinhöhlen, mountain brooks and cliffs, lovely meadow valleys, Goethe traces and Trekkingtouren clears jungles. But also dry of forests and forest damage from the GDR- Time are to be found.

economics in the resin

mining industry

the mining industry and the metallurgical engineering owe 16 since that. Century the seven Oberharzer of mountain cities and approximately 30 further localities in the resin inside, and further numerous edge places at the mountain foot theirBloom, everything in front the former realm city Goslar, whose gloss depended on the ore treasures of the Rammelsberges. The mining industry determined considerably the Harzer economic life and its landscape. The miners created also the famous technical system of the Oberharzer water management, the Oberharzer water shelf, of still 60 km water ditches and 68 accumulating oak (with 8 millions Cubic meter contents) to be used, and without their energy achievement the ore promotion already since outgoing 16. Century would have had to be stopped.

In the eastern resin before country (one fields country andSinger houses hollow) became to approx. 1990 copper slate mining industry operated, whose beginnings are mentioned documentary around 1199. Further potash pits are, in close proximity to Röblingen by an Montan enterprise geological of waxes are diminished in special living and Teutschental.

The last mine inUpper Harz - the Erzbergwerk reason in bath reason - adjusted 1992 the promotion because of inefficiency of course stores. With the quiet putting of this plant already found in the Middle Ages, and since that 16. Century continuously, claimant mining industry on silver and/or. Leadand zinc its end.

economics today

the mining industry flowering in past centuries in the resin - and. A. after silver, iron, copper, lead and arsenic - strongly back went. Importantly is however further those Kupfergewinnung in the area of one field. Important emphasis of the mining industry was last also still the Rammelsberg with Goslar (shut down 1988) and the pit assistance of God with bath reason (shut down 1992). In bath loud mountain presumably becomes to center of the yearly 2006on the pit cloud hill as last active mine of the entire resin Schwerspat won, which finds today primarily in the color production and the noise control use. A further important employer is DOES Clausthal. Beside the classical subjects mining industryand metallurgy all engineer and scientific fan are informed here and beforscht.


for the tourism are several elevator places as sank Andreas mountain and brown situation south breaking into important as well as Goslar, who Niger desert, Schierke and health resorts howAlexis bath, bath Gandersheim, bath reason and further places in the following specified. Due to the forests of the resin naturally forestry plays an important economical role, as well as the appropriate processing industry. For the paper industry (bath Gandersheim and heart mountain) are enoughhowever the raw material occurrences not.

winter sports

Blick auf den Oberharz
view of the Upper Harz

even if winter sports in the resin the meaning of other low mountain ranges, like Thüringer to forest, ore mountains, Black Forest or that of the alps reached, does not give it sufficientWinter sports possibilities. To call here above all the places Benneckenstein, brown situation ( with local part Hohegeiss ) are, Goslar - cock clover, Hasselfelde, sank Andreas mountain (with the local parts sun mountain and Oderbrück) and Schierke. Whereby because of the altitude and thatLength of the distances more the nordische Skisport prevails. International winter sports competitions find on worm-mountain-dig with brown situation and the Biathlonanlage at the sun mountain .

The numerous Loipen are worth mentioning in the resin. These lie in delightful environment. Their quality and equipment become ofPromotion association Loipenverbund resin e. V. ensured. The association was created 1996 on initiative national park resin by the Harzer winter sports municipalities, the aerial ropeway and elevator enterprises, the national parks as well as hotels and transport enterprises. He pursues the goal of promoting the ski tourism in the resinto consider and the interests of the nature protection.

, The mountain rescue team resin ensures the mountain emergency service in the Loipen, on the Rodelhängen, moving ways and alpin-ski runways, as well as in the hard-to-travel area.

sport in the summer

in the summer becomes in the resin above allmoved, in the last years also Nordic Walking enjoys of rising popularity. On several dams in the resin various water haven is operated. Also Kanufahren and related kinds of sport in the game water are possible. The mountains offer likewise a good basis for the Fliegerei(Sail, kite flies and. A., in particular of the Rammelsberg with Goslar out).

That resin offers also different climbing areas, like z. B. the Okertal, in which also national and international Kanu - and Kajak - matches take place.

Also in the summer the mountain rescue team secures resin the rescue of verunfallten persons from hard-to-travel areas.

dialects resin

the number of the German dialects is very largely, also in resin gau gives it not only one (Ostfälisch), but several dialects. The origin of the dialectscan be partly read off from the place names: In resin gau and the adjacent areas is a number of places, whose name in Sweden returns. To the German Goettingen there Göinge and Helsungen correspond with bright castle reminded of Helsingör. This return the samePlace names in Sweden and Denmark particularly forces to the acceptance of a numerous nordischen immigration in Germany and into the resin gau. Also those already as inhabitants resin gau of the mentioned Haruden, the old inhabitants of sea-country and neighbour of the Kimbern in the northern Jutland,are north Teutons. Under these circumstances one should mine that still nordische language remainders would have in resin gau to be. Nordisch is not probably the name breaking, that into which can be explained from the German vocabulary in older time usually breaking into mountain, Brokenberg, once even Brocenbergone calls. In Icelandic meant brok „whitish, the mountain summits wrapping clouds “, Brok or Brokenberg is thus a cloud mountain. Swedish „pojke “means boy; in resin gau is „pôk “the child, usually boy, particularly in scolds schmärpôk. The harzerische „prâtjeln “(=speak) corresponds to the Swedish „prata “(= chat).

A characteristic of the Upper Harz is, or was, the Oberharzer dialect. Contrary to and Thuringian dialects of Lower Saxony and the ostfälischen of the surrounding countryside, it acts here around a erzgebirgische dialect, those on the settlementof miners in 16. Century decreases/goes back.

The Oberharzer dialect is limited to few places. The most well-known are Altenau, sank Andreas mountain, Clausthal Zellerfeld, Lautenthal and cock clover. Today one does not hear the dialect in the daily life no more in the Upper Harz. Only some member thatolder generations control it still, so that for maintenance in the local press sporadically articles are printed on Oberharzer dialect.

For elucidation the Refrain of a pc. follows. Andreasberger of homeland song:

Eb de Sunne seems, ebs stewert, schtarmt, ebs snows,
at dayun night Ohmds or frieh
as hectar-mix sound de you
ewerharzer Sproch O
Annerschbarrich as are de nevertheless seemed.


cloud-imposed resin summits
Brockengipfel, von Torfhaus aus gesehen (5 km)
breaking into summits, seen from peat house (5 km)
  • Poppenberg (601 m), Thuringia
  • Birkenberg (600 m), Thuringia
  • Schalliete (595 m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • upper my corner mountain (587 m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • Zwisselkopf (587m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • of large Auerberg (580 m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • dwarf mountain (570 m), Thuringia
  • of rough Jacob (568 m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • local mountain (549 m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • leakage head (546 m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • butter mountain (539 m), Thuringia
  • large horn mountain (537 m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • of large Stemberg (517 m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • beech mountain (516m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • Hilmersberg (507 m), Saxonia-Anhalt
  • support mountain (495 m), Saxonia-Anhalt


of places

places in and at the resin

smallest house who-Niger-desert
work on []

Cities in the resin before country

of cities in the Saxonia anhaltischen resin before country:

of cities in the resin before country of Lower Saxony:

Städe in the Thuringian resin before country:

Trip goals (selection)

Bergbauarchiv in Clausthal-Zellerfeld
mining industry archives in Clausthal Zellerfeld
Harzhochstraße B 4 / B 242, Höhe Torfhaus
resin high route B 4 / B 242, height peat house

of locks and castles

castle falcon stone
lock who Niger desert

acquaintance painter

among the many painters,those illustrated the resin, were Caspar David Friedrich, Ernst Helbig, Hermann Hendrich, Edmund Kolbe, Klaus bold, William Pramme and Adolf Rettelbusch, William Ripe, Rudolf nickel.

Dichteri representations

Web on the left of (selection)

Commons: Resin - pictures, videos and/or audio files


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