Hood diver

hood diver
hood diver (Podiceps cristatus)
systematics
Class of birds (Aves)
order rag-diver-well-behaved (Podicipediformes)
family rag diver (Podicipedidae)
kind diver (Podiceps)
kind hood diver
scientific name
Podiceps cristatus
(Linnaeus, 1758)

the hood diver (Podiceps cristatus) is bird a kind from the family of the rag divers (Podicipedidae). He is a largest, most frequent and most well-known representative of this family of water birds.

Table of contents

description

hood divers 46-51 cm are long and have a wingspan of 59 to 73 cm. They become 800-1400g heavily. In the summer the birds are very easy in their splendour dress to recognize: they swim frequently in the middle on lakes and disappear again and again to longer dipping courses (up to one minute!). They have a long, from the front white neck, a white face, a black vertex and a brown-red and black hood. Necks and backs are brown. The sexes look directly. The hood is put on with danger. In the simple dress the multicolored hood is missing, and the hood diver resembles some sea-divers (Gaviidae), e.g. the star diver.

Hood divers call frequently and loud, a schnarrendes noise, which sounds as saucy saucy saucy.

seem

to habitat hood diver on waters in the flat country in completely Europe (up to north Scandinavia and Iceland). The eastern populations are migratory birds, which winter at the coasts in Western Europe and south Europe. In Germany hood divers are predominant condition birds, which likewise move with lakes longer frozen over to the coasts. the birds who up to 30jahre old

the food

hood divers eat mainly fish, which hunt them dipping. In addition, Kaulquappen, crustaceans, spiders and water insects as well as seeds belong to their food.

breeding care

the Balz of the hood divers is remarkable and “penguin dance” is also called: the pair straightens up on the water chest at chest, the birds vibrates the heads and strikes with the feet on the water. Hood divers build their nest on the water, it consist of swimming plant parts and in the onshore vegetation are hidden. Therein 27 to 29 days long 3-4 eggs are expenditure-bred. The Küken is Nestflüchter and can swim immediately and even dip. In the first time they are carried however mainly hidden by the old birds on the back in the plumage. They have white strips on head and back.

The NABU selected the hood diver 2001 to the bird of the yearly.

other

“hood diver” is in a Bavarian often jokeful offense. With this designation a certain degree at Ordinärität is suggested by the frequent occurrence of the birds.

The protection of the hood diver was the establishment goal of the British Royal Society for the protection OF birds in 19. Century. The feathers/springs of the birds were processed at that time very frequently in the mode industry. Modistinnen processed the feathers/springs as decoration for hats or for the decoration of collars. The feathers/springs could be processed with the fact in such a way that they resembled a fur. Due to the protection efforts of the Royal Society for the protection OF birds the kind in Great Britain could be received.

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