Männchen, Haussperling (Passer domesticus)
male, Haussperling (Passer domesticus)
Order: Sparrow birds (Passeriformes)
subordination: Singing birds (Passeri)
family: Sparrows (Passeridae)
kind: Passer
kind: Haussperling
scientific name
Passer domesticus
(Linnaeus, 1758)

the Haussperling (Passer domesticus) is bird a kind in the family of the sparrows (Passeridae). It is called also sparrow and is one of the most well-known and to end 20. Century also furthest common kinds of bird at all.

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the Haussperling is 14 to 16 cm largely, weighs up to 30 g and becomes under normal conditions four to five years old. It however Expemplare already beringte observes the 13 and 14 years became old.

It is rather inconspicuously grey browncolored and has a strong bill. Males and females differ in their colouring: The males are somewhat more remarkable and higher-contrast, them have a black throat, white cheeks, a grey vertex, brown strips at the sides of the head. The back and the wings are in different brown tones(inclusive beige, black and knows) colored, while chest and belly are rather grey.

The females are altogether more inconspicuous and in a more matte brown colored. Their grey-brown head has a bright over-eye-touches.

The call of the Haussperlings is a loud “Tschilp”.


it is very far spreads and is missing only in the polar areas, in west Australia and in Southeast Asia. In Amerika und Australien ist der Sperling eingeführt worden und hat sich in diesen Erdteilen schnell ausgebreitet.


Bettelndes Spatzenweibchen
begging sparrow female

of Haussperlinge are expressed culture followers. Sie haben sichattached and its nests build for humans since beginning of its settlement history gladly in close proximity to or in houses, for example under roof pans and in wall columns. They live gladly informal and arise frequently in swarms. A pair remains however its life long together.


the Haussperling is primarily a Körnerfresser. In former times sparrows were so numerous also, because with the harvest much grain on the fields remained lying. Also indigested grains from horse apples were an important source of food. Nowadays the harvesting machines are many more efficient and horse cartsno longer available, and the smaller food offer is also a reason for the decrease of the inventory numbers of the sparrows. In the city the Spatzen adapts and becomes Allesfressern.


broods draw breeding care of Haussperlinge in the year starting from April until Augusthighly (usually two to three). The clutch of eggs consists of five to six eggs, which are bebrütet 11 to 13 days. The nest is built by the male and plays a role with the Balz. It is not however particularly artful built. For the female countswith the partner choice first of all the presence of a nest at a if possible protected NIST place.


the last decades house reorganizations and front sealings led existence female to the fact that the Haussperling finds less and less NIST places. Particularly in the cities it is increasingto find more rarely. The European existence becomes still on 180 million breeding's pairs estimated (for Germany 7.8 million breeding's pairs mentioned), yet goes out Tierschützer of the fact that the existence halved itself since beginning of the 1970er years, which also on the decrease of the food offer already mentionedto lead back is. Due to this clear development the Haussperling was selected from the NABU to the bird of the yearly 2002.


is to have helped legends as Ulmer sparrow with the building of Münster and is now a landmark of Ulm.

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