Heidelberg

of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Heidelberg (term clarifying).
Coat of arms map
Wappen Heidelbergs Lage der kreisfreien Stadt Heidelberg in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Baden-Wuerttemberg
governmental district: Karlsruhe
region: Rhine Neckar
circle: Urban area
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 49° 25 ' N, 08° 42 ' O
49°25 ' N, 08° 42 ' O
height: 116 m and. NN
surface: 108.83 km ²
inhabitants: 142.889 (30. June 2005)
Population density: 1,313 inhabitants for each km ²
foreigner portion: 16.6%
postal zip codes: 69001-69126 (old: 6900)
Preselection: 06221(and 06202 in the border yard)
Kfz characteristic: Hp
municipality key: 08 2 21 000
city arrangement: 14 quarters
address
of the city administration:
Market place 10
69117 Heidelberg
official Website: www.heidelberg.de
politics
Oberbürgermeisterin: Beate weber (SPD)

Heidelberg is a large city at the Neckarin the southwest of Germany. It is by the pictorial lock ruin above river and old part of town as well as their old university world well-known and one of the most popular goals - also the foreign - tourist.

Also over 140.000 inhabitants Heidelberg is the fifth-largestCity of Baden-Wuerttemberg. It is circle-free city and seat of the surrounding Rhine-Neckar-region at the same time. The closely settled Metropolregion, in which Heidelberg lies, is called Rhine Neckar triangle.

Topic tables a collection of the articles around the city is round in Portal Heidelberg.

Table of contents

geography

Blick vom Philosophenweg auf die Altstadt mit Schloss, Heiliggeistkirche und Alter Brücke
view of the philosopher way upthe old part of town with lock, holy spirit church and age bridge

Heidelberg lies partially in the lowlandses of the Upper Rhine predominantly at the left bank of the lower Neckar, before its discharge from the desert forest (see also portal: Desert forest) in one oblong, river upward zuspitzenden themselves Low, circumscribes from the king chair (568 m) and Gaisberg (375 m). The Neckar flows here from east to west. At the right Neckarufer the holy mountain (445 m) rises. The Neckar flows to about 22 km northwest, measured from the end of the low,into the Rhine. In 20. Century eingemeindeten places are enough over the Neckartal into the mountain route inside, which leads Darmstadt from pointing hole in the south across Heidelberg until in Hessen.

Heidelberg lies in runs the European remote moving way (means Sweden - Silke-borrow Umbrien).

for Flora and fauna

there Heidelberg in one of the warmest regions of Germany, prospers here for Central European conditions some characteristics, as for instance almond and fig trees , or also an oil tree in the open land (Gaisbergstrasse) is appropriate. ThatBalcony of the city with many exotic plants is the philosopher way opposite the old part of town. There 2000 were also again successfully begun with the cultivation of wine.

In addition there is one of the most vital free-living populations of the Halsbandsittichs as well as a singular free-living population in Heidelbergthe exist-endangered swan goose, which one can find particularly on the Neckarinsel before mountain home and on the Neckarwiesen.

administrative structures, region

Heidelberg is seat of the district administration office Rhine-Neckar-region within the region of the Rhine Neckar. The city is circle-free within the governmental district Karlsruhe. Heidelberg belongs to that to the compression chamber Rhine Neckar, beside parts of south Hessen and the Vorderpfalz in Rhineland-Palatinate, in Baden-Wuerttemberg the two urban areas Mannheim and Heidelberg as well as the western and southern municipalities of the Rhine-Neckar-regioncovered and marketing area forms with a large number of further municipalities than Rhine Neckar triangle admitted. 2005 became the Rhine Neckar triangle European Metropolregion.

Within the region Rhine Neckar forms for Heidelberg beside Mannheim an upper center, of those for completely Baden-Wuerttemberg after thatLand development plan 2002 altogether 14 are proven. The upper center Heidelberg takes over for the surrounding municipalities Bammental, Dossenheim, Eppelheim, Gaiberg, Heddesbach, holy cross stone oh, glues, Neckargemünd, nut hole, sand living, Schönau, crying home, meadow brook and William field also the function of a central range in the context of the administrative structures of the country.

neighbour municipalities

following cities and municipalities border directly on the city Heidelberg. They are called in the clockwise direction, beginning north of the Neckar, and belong nearlyeverything to the Rhine-Neckar-region: Dossenheim, crying home, William field, Schönau, Neckargemünd, Bammental, Gaiberg, glues, sand living, more frequent home, Plankstadt, Eppelheim, Mannheim (circle-free city) and Edingen Neckarhausen.

city arrangement

of quarters of Heidelberg

The city Heidelberg is arranged into 14 quarters. In addition belong seven former neighboring villages, which became to 1975 in in common December.

city center

the oldest quarter of Heidelberg is the old part of town. It is on the south side of the Neckars and containsthe historical core of the city. Most objects of interest of Heidelberg, like the Heidelberger lock, are in the old part of town. Because of their rich cultural inheritance applied Heidelberg 2004 for an acknowledgment of the old part of town as world cultural heritage of the UNESCO. Likewise toothose belong to this quarter to far outside of convenient areas the whey cure, the Kohl yard as well as the Speyerer yard.

The other Heidelberger quarter, which forms the city center together with the old part of town, is western that of the old part of town convenient mountain home. The formerVillage mountain home is interestingly enough older than the old part of town. Remnants of human settlement can be retraced into the early Steinzeit. Mountain home was mentioned documentary for the first time 769 in the Lor Kodex. 1392 were dissolved the village mountain home and the inhabitants into those fastincreasing Residenzstadt Heidelberg obligation-resettled.

center

direct southwest the Heidelberger city center is the west city, which changes into the south into the southern part of the town. These quarters resulted to 2 from the rapid of population growth Heidelberg during the industrialization as well as after that.World war. In the southern part of the town is the Heidelberger donjon yard, at which numerous famous personalities are buried. Particularly worth mentioning is further the Mark Twain Village of the southern part of the town, in which US soldiers with their members live. In the near future become the west andSouthern part of the town probably continue to expand: At present the quarter which am in establishment course city follows in the south these two quarters.

Formerly independent municipalities and/or Gemarkungen, those into the city Heidelberg were integrated
year of places increase in hectar
of 1891 New home 497
1903 glove home 1,546
1920 Wieblingen 966
1920 Kirchheim 1,375
1927 tubing brook 1,140
1920/35 border yard 445
1. January 1975 brick living 1,475

the south

of far ones south lies the quarters tubing brook with the hare-quiet and the Bierhelder yard.After southeast Heidelberg is locked by the two still young quarters box mountain and Emmertsgrund.

the west

the largest and fastest increasing quarter of Heidelberg is Kirchheim. Kirchheim forms the southwest part of Heidelberg and became 1920 in in common December. Likewiseto Kirchheim to be counted the Kirchheimer yard, the Patrick Henry Village (1947 a created settlement of the US-Army), which Pleikartsförster yard as well as newrot.

At the western edge from Heidelberg is that Pfaff close approximately. It leaves itself into an industrial area lain northand a populated area in the south divide. The name is derived Pfaff close approximately from of the medieval Flurnamen, which became area until 1920 as field used.

North Wieblingen with the border yard and the ox head continues to lie. Just like Kirchheimand that Pfaff close approximately became Wieblingen 1920 a quarter of Heidelberg. Urkundklich was mentioned Wieblingen for the first time in the Lor Kodex in the year 767.

the north

opposite the city center, on the northern bank of the Neckars, lies the quarters new home. ThoseDevelopment of new home began already in the before-Roman time; in the year 1891 it became in in common December. It is the first quarter of Heidelberg, which became by incorporation of a settlement already existing part of the city. The Neuenheimer field is particularly worth mentioning, in thatthe new Campus of the Ruprecht Karl university is.

North continues to lie glove home, which became few years after new home, in the year 1903, in in common December. The name glove home probably decreases/goes back to a landowner in the early Middle Ages.

the east

in the east,on the south side of the Neckars Schlierbach lies. It was mentioned for the first time documentary 1245. The area ranks today among the elevated residential areas of Heidelberg.

On the other Neckarseite lies brick living with the Peter valley. Brick-live became some years before Schlierbach documentarymentioned, in the year 1220. The area was probably already already settled at Roman time.

other ones of areas

to some quarters belong still further, small, separately lain living places and farmsteads.

history

prehistory

Die Überreste eines Homo heidelbergensis wurden bei Mauer gefunden
The remnants of a Homo heidelbergensis were found with wall

found the lower jaw of a Homo heidelbergensis in the area of the Gemarkung wall in the proximity of Heidelberg. The age of the bone becomes estimated on approximately 600,000 years. The lower jaw was into approximately 24 meters depth in a sand pit and 1907 coincidentally by sand graves the Daniel Hartmann was discovered. Since it concerned with the find remnants of an up to then unknown forerunner of the modern Homo sapiens, the new species becameafter the city Heidelberg designated. The Homo heidelbergensis is the direct moves forward the well-known Neandertalers.

Around 1000 v. Chr. Celts in the area Heidelberg established themselves. On the main summit of the holy mountain is also today still another double celtic Ring barrier plant, which witnesses from the early settlement. Probably was here also a celtic Heiligtum. The attachment probably became the protection against around 400 the v. Chr. penetrating Teutons put on. Excavations prove that here beginning around 500 v. Chr. Iron ore was diminished and smelted.

antique one

up to beginning of the Roman time was the area Heidelberg political, religious and cultural center of the region. Around 200 v. Chr. shifted the center into the Roman Lepodunum, the today's Shop castle. The area was however used further intensively - in the area of the today's quarter new home were Roman castellets as well as a flourishing Töpferindustrie. The celtic settlement on the holy mountain was converted from the new owners into a Merkurheiligtum.The ford proven on height of the brick lane was not all year round usably, occasionally led therefore a winterproof Pfahlbrücke before the confluence with the Rhine across the Neckar.

The Romans became finally in the 3. Century of the Alemannen back-pushed. In 6. The Frankish villages new home and mountain home , which further-exist also today still as quarters of Heidelberg, developed for century.

The Heidelberger lock, Carl Philipp Fohr, 1815

the Middle Ages

since the early Middle Ages was on the rear summitholy mountain the Michaelskloster, a Probstei of the monastery Lorsch. It became of the Karolingern in 9. Century under installation course of the Roman Merkurheiligtums establishes.

The oldest written mention of Heidelberg originates from the year 1196. Many of the surrounding municipalities andLocal parts are however substantially older. Some of them in the Lor Codex for the first time documentary (glove home and new home 765 , tubing brook 766 , Kirchheim and Wieblingen 767 , mountain home 769 ) and therefore became in 6 is mentioned. to 8. Centurysettled. North of glove home lies the Wüstung Hillenbach, which was settled between 767 and about 1300.

The university was created in the year 1386. It is thereby the oldest university in the area of the today's Federal Republic of Germany.

Since 1225 (under duke Ludwig I. by Bavaria) into the early modern times Heidelberg was residence of the Pfalzgrafen with Rhine, which ranked among the lay German cure princes. The historical name for their rule area was Kurpfalz.

Neuzeit

By the first phase of the dreissigjährigen war also Heidelberg was concerned: After cure prince Friedrich V. of the Pfalz (“winter king “), 1619 as böhmischer Gegenkönig were selected, 1620 in the battle to white mountains were struck, conquered Tilly as an army leader that 1622 Heidelberg and the Bibliotheca Palatina captured catholic league. It became of duke Maximilian I. (Bavaria) 1623 at Pope Gregor XV. given away and the Bibliotheca Vaticana incorporates.

Heidelberg became again to 2. March 1689 (and again 1693)in the course of the French pfälzischen succession war conquered and by the Frenchmen under general devastates Mélac. The old part of town and the lock were partly destroyed. The latter belonged since that time to the world-wide most famous romantic lock ruins and is one of the most well-known objects of interest of Germany at all.In the old part of town only the today's hotel knight remained intact, since it was in the possession of a französischstämmigen Huguenot.

In the year 1720 the residence of the cure prince was shifted after futile reconstruction attempts to Mannheim. 1763 were created the Kurpfälzi academy.

The blown upTower of the Heidelberger of lock, Carl sheet metals, around 1830

after the realm deputation main conclusion 1803 came Heidelberg with the entire rechtsrheinischen Pfalz to the cure principality (starting from 1806 Grand Duchy) bathing. 1808 became the city seat of the office for city Heidelberg. Besides it gave stillan upper and a Unteramt Heidelberg, which 1813 to the land office Heidelberg were combined. Office for city and land office Heidelberg to the upper office Heidelberg were united to 1826, from which 1863 the office for district Heidelberg followed, which 1924 extended by the municipalities of the dissolved office for district Eberbachbecame.

1840 became with the section Mannheim - Heidelberg of the main course of Baden the first railway line in bathing opens. 1846 developed in Heidelberg the first Freiwillige fire-brigade.

1860 were lit up the lock for the first time „bengalisch “(also this very day beginseach lock fireworks so).

Over 1900 came it to restorations and historisierenden removals of the lock. 1930 ermöglichsten donations of US citizen the Grundsteinlegung for the new University of (lecture hall building).

From the offices for district Heidelberg and pointing hole the district Heidelberg was formed for 1938, to 1972 existed. 1939 separated the city Heidelberg from the district Heidelberg and became a circle-free city, however further seat of the district administration remained.

See also: Kurpfalz

the time of the national socialism

with the seizure of power Adolf Hitler to 30. January 1933 began a time of the organized discrimination and pursuit of Jews and other “nichtarischen” fellow citizens in Germany. Already to the 1. National socialists called April of that yearly for the boycott of Jewish business, law offices and medical practices. Few days later, to 5. April 1933, published realm commissioner Robert Wagner in hurrying ahead obedience the “Jew decree of Baden “, two days before the appropriate realm laws. It introduced the Zwangsbeurlaubung of all “nichtarischen” officials. Although the medical faculty of the University of Heidelberg in writing approximatelyexcluding their Jewish colleagues protested, became to 7. April 1933 all “Nichtarier” in the public service against their will into the retirement skillfully. Until 1940 the University of Heidelberg lost 59 habilitierte university teachers for rassischen or political reasons. This corresponds approximately29% of the entire teaching staff at that time. The Ausgrenzung of Jewish fellow citizens was not however only limited to the practise of the profession: Thus the city school advice and NSDAP circle leader William Seiler 1935 excluded all Jewish children from instruction at elementary schools in the city. With thatrealm-far decree of the Nürnberger of laws to 15. Septembers 1935 lost Jews completely all political rights in the German Reich.

In the evening 9. The excesses reached November 1938 against Jew a new high point. At this night Heidelberger citizens burned thoseSynagogs in Heidelberg and tubing brook down; the orthodox praying hall in the Plöck was destroyed likewise. On the next day the systematic Deportation Heidelberger Jew began with kidnapping 150 Jewish fellow citizen into the concentration camp DAK-strikes. About two years later, to 22. October 1940, took place the “Wagner Bürckel action “. About 280 Jews from Heidelberg as well as further 114 from the municipalities of the district were deportiert into the internment camp Gurs. Altogether 6504 in bathing, the Pfalz and the Saarlandliving Jews were kidnapped in these first Massendeportation. Three quarters of the deportierten Jews came in the camp Gurs around the life, many the older ones already already in the first winter 1940/41.

See also: Time of the national socialism, Novemberpogrome 1938

afterthat 2. World war

Eine typische Seitenstraße in der Heidelberger Altstadt
a typical side street in the Heidelberger old part of town

Heidelberg projected as one of the few German large cities the 2. World war almost intact. The city became location of the US-Army and high command posts of the US-Army and NATO. The highAmerican population portion contributed to a new people friendship between both countries. The Radiosender of the AFN did a remaining.

With one of the first terrorist attacks of the RAF to 24. May 1972 on the European headquarters of the US army in Heidelberg three US soldiers were killedand five hurts.

With the circle reform to the 1. January 1973 was combined the district Heidelberg with the district Mannheim to the today's Rhine-Neckar-region. It surrounds the city completely. Heidelberg remained a circle-free city.

The transit traffic became from mountain home onthe Neckar shifts. The streetcar in the main street was adjusted with their transformation into a pedestrian precinct. First multistoried buildings were built: Menglerbau, Schwesternhochäuser, student hostel, print Media, Science Tower of the SRH (new FH-Heidelberg). Traffic faciltiy constructions affected the townscape seriously.

At present Heidelberg strivesfor the overall view of old part of town and lock around the entry in the world cultural heritage by the Unesco.

religions

Christianity

in Heidelberg already very early the reformation was introduced. At first the population was rather Martin Lutheradded, but cure prince Ottheinrich introduced 1556 the reformed confession after Johannes Calvin , 1563 developed „the Heidelberger Katechismus trailblazing for all reformed Gläubigen “. Over long time Heidelberg was thus a Protestant city. In 17. Century became the citypartially rekatholisiert, the catholic prince family settled for this purpose (Gegenreformation) Jesuiten . But the reformed and/or lutherische confession remained prevailing. The main church (holy spirit church) was divided until 1930 by a wall between the denominations.

The catholic made gradualPopulation however nearly a third of the total population out.

1821 were accomplished in the Grand Duchy of bathing the union between lutherischen and reformed municipalities. Today the Protestant municipalities, if they do not belong to a free church , belong to the Dekanat Heidelberg within the parish district north bathingthe Evangelist regional church in bathing.

The Roman-catholic municipalities belong to the Dekanat Heidelberg of the Erzdiözese Freiburg.

Judentum

against the Jewish inhabitants of the city came it already before the time of the national socialism occasionally, e.g. 1819 to excesses.With the donjon yard also a new Jewish cemetery was put on, which got over also the national socialism.1938 was destroyed the synagogs and many private houses. In the context of the Wagner Bürckel action, in over 6000 the Jews from bathing and the Saarpfalz afterFrance were deportiert, became to 22. October 1940 also 282 Heidelberger Jews into the internment camp Gurs kidnaps. Most deportierten Heidelberger was murdered thereafter in Auschwitz. Since 1990 there is again a synagog in the city (a liberal reform municipality). Besidethe university and connected with it, there is a Jewish university. It researches over the life situation Jewish creditor inhabitant in Europe of the modern times and trains Rabbiner .

other one

beside these gives it a multiplicity of further religious communities to z. B.Old catholic, Baptisten, brother municipality, Mormonen, Neuapostoli church.

inhabitant development

population trend

the number of inhabitants of the city Heidelberg exceeded 1946 the border of 100.000, whereby it became the large city. It is a city with international population - of it one the largest US-AmericanMunicipalities outside of North America, which is not led however in the Heidelberger inhabitant statistics. At the end of December 2004 counted Heidelberg (without member of the US army and their member) after official updating of 143,123 inhabitants with main domicile - historical highest level.

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitantsafter the respective area conditions. Until 1833 it concerns usually around estimations, afterwards census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices and/or the city administration. The data refer starting from 1843 to „the localpresent population “, starting from 1925 upthe resident population and since 1987 on „the population at the place of the main dwelling “. 1843 ago the number of inhabitants was determined in non-uniform collection procedures.

Year inhabitant
1439 5,200
1588 6,300
1717 4,800
1784 10,754
1810 10,312
1812 9,826
1830 13,345
3. December 1852 ¹ 14,564
3. December 1858 ¹ 15,600
3. December 1861 ¹ 16,300
3. December 1864 ¹ 17,666
3. December 1867 ¹ 18,300
1. December 1871 ¹ 19,983
1. December 1875 ¹ 22,334
year inhabitant
1. December 1880 ¹ 24.417
1. December 1885 ¹ 26,900
1. December 1890 ¹ 31,739
2. December 1895 ¹ 35,190
1. December 1900 ¹ 40,121
1. December 1905 ¹ 49,527
1. December 1910 ¹ 56,016
1. December 1916 ¹ 47,554
5. December 1917 ¹ 47.483
8. October 1919 ¹ 60,831
16. June 1925 ¹ 73,034
16. June 1933 ¹ 84,641
17. May 1939 ¹ 86,467
31. December 1945 95,811
year inhabitant
29. October 1946 ¹ 111,488
13. September 1950 ¹ 116,488
25. September 1956 ¹ 121.910
6. June 1961 ¹ 125,264
31. December 1965 125,507
27. May 1970 ¹ 129,656
31. December 1975 129,368
31. December 1980 133,227
31. December 1985 134,724
25. May 1987 ¹ 127,768
31. December 1990 136,796
31. December 1995 138.781
31. December 2000 140,259
30. June 2005 142,889

¹ census result

politics

Election results of the local council elections
1999 2004 2006 ¹
a party voices of seats voices of seats of seats
CDU 32.5% 14 25.9% 11 10
SPD 22.6% 10 21.6% 9 10
GAL 14.5% 6 21.4% 9 8
HD'ler 13.1% 5 10.6% 4 4
FDP 4.4% 2 6.8% 3 3
FWV 5.1% 2 4.5% 2 3
gen.hd 0.5% 3.2% 1 1
multicolored left 3.1% 1 1
other 7.4% 1 2.8% 0
election turnout
48.7% 50.5%

¹ composition after two parliamentary group changes since the choice 2004.

city heads and local council

at the point of the city administration in Heidelberg as a herrschaftlicher civil servant over long time that city-Schult-hot, which carried the title since 1717 director of city. Afterthe city head carried first the title mayor for the transition at bathing, starting from 1819 first mayor and starting from 1875 again mayors.

The mayors from 1701 to 1884 are on the side personalities of and to Heidelberg.

The city heads since 1900:

the next mayor choice, with that the office ownerBeate weber will not any longer begin, takes place in the autumn 2006.

The local council consists of 40 honorary members and the mayor as a chairman. The advice is selected in each case for the duration by five years. Task of the local council is, as well asin the advice the voter to decide but separately selected mayor on all affairs of the city. The advice controls the city administration and supervises the penetration of its resolutions.

other committees

gate of the old persons bridge
the bridge gate of the stone laneout seen
the bridge ape of the old persons bridge
Jesuitenkirche in the main street

district adviser

the agency of the 14 quarters and municipality districts is ensured by the district advisers in the quarters. They are to guarantee a citizennear functioning of the city administration. The membersthe respective district adviser serve as partners for problems directly locally. They are designated proportionally by the parliamentary groups of the local council. They are informed and included by the city administration with many questions. The district adviser has an advisory function for the local councilto the city and regularly mindesten meet three times in the year.

foreigner advice/migration advice

since 1989 meets the foreigner advice/migration advice. The foreigner advice co-operates with all foreign and Germanforeign combinations of the city Heidelberg. Since 2003 it is responsible also for Migranten, whichin the name extension reflects itself. The foreigner advice/migration advice represents the interests of foreign inhabitants in relation to the local council and the city administration.

youth local council

in November 2005 was selected for the first time the Heidelberger youth local council (JGR). It sits down from altogether 30Pupils from Heidelberger schools together and one selects for the duration by two years by all Heidelberger pupils. Members may not being older at the choice time than 19 years. The seats distribute themselves on the school types as follows: 5 main orPromotion pupil, 5 junior high school students, 10 high school students as well as 10 occupation pupils. The JGR has advisory members in the juvenile welfare service, culture, sport and town development committee. The youth local council replaced the past youth advice, that was created 1999 and selected so far exclusively by the Heidelberger pupil spokeswomen and - speakers.The initiative for the advancement of the model project Heidelberger youth advice and the mechanism of a youth local council proceeded from the members of the youth advice. They aimed at with it a stronger cooperation in the local council and its committees.

departments

the administration thatCity is organized in the form of four departments, which are responsible for the work areas general administration, building and sport, social, school and culture and environment and energy. Altogether 38 offices and Referate are assigned to the departments. Each department becomes ofa mayor led.

Ombudsmann

that in the meantime second citizen-assigned is Hans Ulrich Tzschaschel. Heidelberg has a honorary as only city of Germany, of which administration completely independent citizen-assigned (Ombudsmann). The citizen-assigned can in current administrative proceedings of the administrationInformation and insight into documents and documents require. In legal proceedings the citizen-assigned cannot intervene.

coat of arms

the coat of arms of the city Heidelberg shows crowned golden in black on green three-mountain walking, which reinforced red, red bezungten and redkurpfälzischen lions. The coat of arms was accepted in its current form 1898 by the city and is led in the today's strongly stylized form since 1969. The city colors are black yellow.

The lion is the coat of arms animal of the Pfalzgrafen, there Heidelberglong Residenzstadt of the Kurpfalz was. The three-mountain probably alludes on the names of the city and is to that extent a talking symbol in such a way specified. Occasionally this three-mountain was also not in the coat of arms shown.

Besides it gives for some years alsoa modern Logo for the urban Corporate Design: In the white square three salient lines for castle, river and bridge in the colors blue and red (draft of Erwin Poell).

one

maintains partnerships between cities Heidelberg with the following cities Partnership between cities:

Montpellier, France, since 1961
Cambridge, Great Britain, since 1965
Rehovot, Israel, since 1983
Simferopol, Ukraine, since 1991
Bautzen, Saxonia, since 1991
Kumamoto, Japan, since 1992

give in additionit in Heidelberg an America house (DAI, German-American Institut) and a Montpellier house in the old part of town in the chain lane. In Montpellier there is according to a Heidelberg house.

the city as a name godfather

ways of their historical significance serves the city Heidelberg frequentlyas a name godfather. Thus Lufthansa in its history designated already four airplanes after the city at the Neckar: Last 1990 an airbus A320-200 for 139 passengers. Some ships of the Federal Navy as well as a ICE - course of the German course carry likewise the namesHeidelberg.

About 600,000 years old lower jaws 1907 on the country of the municipality wall were found to up to then unknown forerunner of humans with Heidelberg. The new species was designated Homo heidelbergensis, after the city Heidelberg.

Economics and infrastructure

for many centuries person employed after

economic sectors was Heidelberg a “residence of the spirit”. Also today the university town is still the center of science and service of the region Rhine Neckar: In the year 2004 81.8% of all humans in the service sector worked, approximatelyHeidelberg or an attached research establishment is busy a quarter of them - approximately 18% - at the university. The publishing trade is a further important source of jobs in the service range. Only 18.0% cooperated in the producing trade, and straight times 0.2% allJobs is completely insignificant forestry in Heidelberg.

The dominating role of the service sector is not historically conditioned however only, its meaning in the past years even still continuously increased. Like that the total number of the jobs is between 1970 and 2004increased of 70.100 to 97.500, at the same time the number of the jobs in the producing trade decreased however from 28.000 to 17.550 strongly. With this development Heidelberg followed the same trend as many other German large cities also.

With an unemployment ratio of 8,5%knows Heidelberg in the year 2004 the third-lowest value under the urban areas of Baden-Wuerttemberg up. In the historical comparison this value is however unusually highly for Heidelberg, 1970 was the unemployment ratio below 3%. The reason for this development was the overallally economic bad situationGermany.

39% of the jobs in the city were only taken 2004 by a Heidelberger. The majority of the employees lives outside of the city. The number of the occupation commuters doubled itself since 1970 of 28.600 on approximately 59,600 more than. There mostCommuters a motorized individual traffic means use the volume of traffic in this period extremely strongly increased.

residents enterprises

in the city reside several important enterprises, and. A. the Heidelberger printing machines AG (label name Heidelberg), the HeidelbergCement (HZAG), thatFinanzdienstleister MLP AG, the science publishing house Springer and the Softwaredienstleister SAS of institutes. In the health sector the welfare organisations are to be called as employers. The largest employer of the region is the University of Heidelberg with a large clinical center.

traffic

long-distance traffic

by the western city leads the federal motorway A 5 (Frankfurt/Main - Karlsruhe), which crosses the motorway A 656 ( to Mannheim ) in the northwest of the city. In the south A 6 of Saarbruecken cross over Mannheim, Heilbronn and Nürnberg after Waidhaus at that German - Czech state border.

Furthermore the federal highways B 3 ( Frankfurt/Main - Karlsruhe ) pull through, B 37 Mannheim Eberbach and B 535 Schwetzingen - Heidelberg the city. Off2010 may drive KFZ, which fulfill the EURO-2-Norm because of the fine dust - load into Heidelberg only.

Im Fernverkehr ist Heidelberg mit den ICE der Linie StuttgartKöln (L 45, zweistündlich), ZürichFrankfurt am Main(L 87, einzelne Züge)and with the ICE Stuttgart - Hamburg (L of 20, individual courses) attainable, as well as with RPC/ICs of the line Salzburg - Frankfurt (L 62, two once per hour), Stuttgart - Dortmund (L 60, two once per hour) and ICs Karlsruhe - Stralsund (L 26, two once per hour).

suburban traffic

The most important traffic junction of Heidelberg is the Bismarck place. Several main traffic veins of the city cross here, and one of the longest pedestrian precincts of Europe leads from here by the entire Heidelberger old part of town. The Bismarck place is therefore also a popular meeting place. Originally founditself here also the main station. To decentralize it 1955 however to the Willy fire place shifted around the traffic volume something. The Willy fire place ascended thereby for the second important traffic junction of Heidelberg.

Since 1883 there is the public local passenger traffic in Heidelberg (ÖPNV), at this time still in the form of a horse course, which was taken in that year in enterprise. Due to the rapidly rising transport volume the first electrical streetcar was taken to 1901 in the area Heidelberg in enterprise. Into those50's the streetcar net was piece by piece extended. When the fast more popularly becoming automobile placed the operators local passenger traffic before ever larger problems, the streetcar net was back-built gradually to a network aligned to the basic supply. In recent past experiencedthe streetcar however one Renaissance. At present several new distances are planned, and several quarters and localities are to be attached again to the streetcar net. Nowadays the RNV is responsible for the operation of the streetcar and Buslinien. Since 1989 are they allto use for uniform prices within the traffic group Rhine Neckar (VRN).

Since 2003 Heidelberg is attached to the net of the rapid-transit railway RheinNeckar, which opens the entire Rhine-Neckar area and leads lines into the Pfalz and to south Hessen. A tying to thatRapid-transit railway net to Karlsruhe already took place. Thus the Rhine-Neckar area was one of the last densely populated areas, which received its own rapid-transit railway. With planning already decades ago one began, because however three Lands of the Federal Republic had to coordinate themselves among themselves (Baden-Wuerttemberg, Hessen and Rhineland-Palatinate) retarded execution so long.

See also: Suburban traffic in Heidelberg, mountain railway

media

in Heidelberg appears as daily paper the Rhine Neckar newspaper (RNZ). It has several expenditures for restaurant. The city publishes a weekly Official Journal, the city sheet.As city magazine with meeting calendar Heidelberg appears current.

Heidelberg is location of some broadcast transmitting plants. Beside the TV tower of the SWR on the king chair with 8° there also the directly neighbouring transmitting plant that are 43 ' 46 of " eastern length and 49° 24 ' 16 " northern latitudeGerman Telekom AG and, the removed transmitting pole of the AFN in the quarter Wieblingen with 8° 38 ' 42 of " eastern length and 49° 25 ' 57 " northern latitude, that for the spreading of AFN, isolated against earth - programs on the MW-frequency 1143 kHz and thatUKW frequency 104.6 MHz serves. The South German broadcast (today southwest broadcast) maintained long years a Regionalstudio, which has in the meantime its seat in Mannheim. Furthermore there is the Rhine Neckar television as local television station. Since beginning of the nineties developed also on the part ofthe studentses active interest to be represented with own media. Beside the studying newspaper Ruprecht, sends 105.4 MHz the Campusradio Rhine Neckar, radioactive on UKW. Heidelberger students engage themselves together with fellow students from the neighbour city Mannheim, around the radio enterprise upright tooto supply received and the studentses with music and news from the Campus to.

there are courts, authorities

and mechanisms in Heidelberg a district court and a regional court, which both to the OLG - belong to district Karlsruhe. A labor court belongs to Higher Labor Court Mannheim.

As part of the freiwilligen jurisdiction a national notary's office functions.

Beyond that it is seat of the church district Heidelberg of the Evangelist regional church in bathing and the Dekanats Heidelberg of the ore diocese Freiburg.

military mechanisms

thatGerman headquarters of US Army armed forces resides in the Campell bar rack (V US corps Headquarters). Also in the closer environment are many American military mechanisms.

See also: List of foreign Militärbasen in Germany

education and research

university,Universities, seminar

Siegel der Universität Heidelberg

Heidelberg is the far beyond region admits for his educational facilities. The most renowned of them is undisputed the Ruprecht Karl university Heidelberg. It was created 1386 and is the oldest university in the area of today's Germany. YouCampus is divided on two cities as well as several single buildings: In numerous historical buildings in the old part of town are the spirit, social and jurisprudence. The natural sciences and medicine are settled to the predominant part on the new Campus in the Neuenheimer field.

1904 the educational university Heidelberg was created. After several extensions and renaming it became finally 1971 a scientific university with the today's name.

With the university for church music Heidelberg has Heidelberg likewise Institut specialized in music. It opened itsGates for the first time 1931 as mechanism of the Evangelist regional church in bathing.

1979 were created the university for Jewish studies Heidelberg. It has 9 subranges of the religion and culture of the Judentums.

Only few years old the professional school is Heidelberg.Private Institut of the SRH group (donation rehablitation Heidelberg) was created 1992 and is nationally recognized. It is in the “Science Tower” in the quarter Wieblingen.

Heidelberg has also a national seminar for didactics and teacher formation (High Schools and special schools).

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Research

in Heidelberg gives it a multiplicity of research institutes in particular for life sciences.

The most important carrier company in the Heidelberger research landscape is the University of Heidelberg. Under your roof numerous institutes are like biochemistry the center Heidelberg (BZH), thatInterdisciplinary center for neuro sciences (IZN), the Interdiszipläre center for scientific counting (IWR), the south Asia Institut (SAI), Heidelberg center for American Studies (HCA), Heidelberg center Latin America as well as the center for astronomy Heidelberg (TOUGH).

The probably most well-known institutes are that German cancer research center (DKFZ), based 1964 and the center for molecular biology Heidelberg (ZMBH), based 1983. Both institutes used up themselves the biological basic research and to belong to the renomiertesten German Forschungseinrichtugen.

Likewise in Heidelberg resident is the central mechanism of the European MolecularBiology Laboratory (EMBL), based 1974, branch offices are among other things in Monterotondo (Italy), Hinxton (England), Grenoble (France) and Hamburg. It is operated by 18 European states and belonged to the world-wide most well-known biological research establishments.

Also Heidelberg forms equivalent four for institutes for oneregional emphasis of the Max-Planck company. The institute for Max-Planck for foreign public right and international law, the institute for Max-Planck for nuclear physics, the institute for Max-Planck for astronomy as well as the institute for Max-Planck for medical research are here settled.

Further research institutes are the national lehr and laboratory for horticulture,the national observatory Heidelberg king chair, the Heidelberger Academy of Sciences as well as the European Media Laboratory (EML), private Forschungsinstitut for applied computer science.

schools

gives numerous reason, main and six-form high schools (national and private) as well as occupation and special schools. InAre Heidelberg, under the large university graduate portion of the total population (the largest employer is the university!), a high number of High Schools. Over 52% all pupil of the city are high school students.

Schools of special coinage are the free Rudolf Steiner School Heidelberg (private)and the international comprehensive school Heidelberg (IGH) (nationally). The IGH is additives a comprehensive school, which receives namentliche mention with two further comprehensive schools in the bathe Württemberg school law than school of extraordinary coinage. At both schools one knows the Abitur placing. Likewise a special coinageprivate Heidelberg has internationally School (HIS) in Wieblingen, still in the structure of 4. Lebensjahr up to the Abitur after the 12. Class is. 2005 were reached the class 9. The instruction language is English and it school money is raised. Inthe proximity of Heidelberg the free desert forest school , a boarding school in Heppenheim , which is as model school for many years from supraregional interest, exisitiert.

Worth mentioning also the music and Singschule of the city are Heidelberg with an interesting beside the people's highschoolPerformance place, the Johannes Brahms hall. In addition there are the hotel management school and numerous private professional training schools like the NLG and the F+U schools. Beside these schools are also except-school educational facilities, for instance the run Science lab, a pupil laboratory of the helmet getting time community at the German cancer research center.

A characteristic in the education landscape is the academy for older ones. There by older ones (60 years and older) a very broad spectrum is arranged to educational provisions for older ones. One can imagine it like a kind people's highschool. Apart from large series of lecturesthere are many seminars. In the meantime the mechanism looks on over 15 years experience of integration, creation of new networks and an exciting combination of honorary commitment and politics policy back.

The list Heidelberger schools offers an overview of all schools of the cityHeidelberg.

culture and objects of interest

objects of interest

Heidelberg are one of the few German large cities with a to a large extent received baroque old part of town in medieval proportions, since this remained exempted from bombardments during the Second World War. In the old part of town,at 1,6 km the length one of the longest pedestrian precincts of Europe has, is also the majority of the objects of interest.

Heidelberger Schloss und Alte Brücke
Heidelberger lock and old person bridge

the landmarks of the city

the Heidelberger lock is the most important landmark of the city andactually a ruin - since its destruction it was only partly restored. The lock is well-known as the most famous ruin of Germany. It stands for 80 m over tallow approximately at the north slope of the king chair and dominates from there the entire townscape. In the lockis also the large barrel. Famous personalities such as Elizabeth Stuart lived here.

The old person bridge over the Neckar is called actually with correct name „Carl Theodor bridge “. Due to its high age - she was mentioned for the first time documentary 1248 - has itselfhowever the designation „old person bridge “in-patriated. The bridge was blown up end of the Second World War by the national socialists, in order to stop the advancing allied troops. 1947 were reconstructed already it however complete.

important churches

the holy spirit church is the most well-knownChurch of Heidelberg. It is located in the middle in the center of the city, only nearby the Heidelberger of lock. With their majestic front they control the silhouette of the Neckarstadt together with the lock. It served once as repository of the famous Bibliotheca Palatina, butduring the dreissigjährigen war the collection of handwriting and early pressures of cure prince became Maximilian I. robbed and presents to the Pope as gift. Shortly a restoration of the holy spirit church is to begin, at which among other things the west entrance again the main entrance becomeis. However the holy spirit church is not the oldest church of the Heidelberger old part of town - this honour comes to the Peter church. Probably the Peter church was established even before the establishment of Heidelberg. Their age becomes estimated on approximately 900 years. In the late Middle Ages becameit to the university chapel. It serves as last Ruhestätte for approximately 150 professors and kurfürstliche yard people. Among other things is here also Marsilius buried of Inghen, the establishment rector of the University of Heidelberg. To 400. Birthday Martin Luther became at the eastern side 1883 the Luther oak planted. Nearby the holy spirit church and the Peter church is also the Jesuitenkirche. It is the landmark of the Gegenreformation in Heidelberg and formed once the center of the former Jesuitenviertels. Accordingly the Jesuitenkirche is clearly younger than the holy spirit churchand the Peter church - it was finished 1749.

See also: Abbey new castle, Providenzkirche Heidelberg

historical buildings

Das Hotel "Zum Ritter"
the hotel “to the knight”

the oldest still received building in Heidelberg is the hotel“To the knight”. It was built 1592 by a cloth dealer family. With its prominent location in the old part of town in relation to the holy spirit church it is one of the most popular objects of interest of Heidelberg in the middle.

At the eastern edge of the old part of town the Karl gate , a free standing gate elbow standswhich was a gift of the citizens of Heidelberg at the cure prince Karl Theodor. The construction work took six years and 1781 was locked. The Karl gate is richly decorated, among other things are the coat of arms of the cure prince as well as haven advice of it and itsWife on the gate elbow.

In the old part of town are also numerous historical buildings of the University of Heidelberg. One the most important is the university library. The university library is not only the central library of the University of Heidelberg, it accommodated beyond that alsoa museum with a multiplicity of old handwriting and Codices which part of the enormous book inventory of the university are. Among them rises up in particular the Codex one-eat out, the most extensive and most famous German song handwriting of the Middle Ages. The entire library is in one klassizistischen buildings from red sandstone, which is worth actually already an inspection.

See also: Old anatomy, old person University of, yard of Baden, Friedrichsbau, grossherzogliches palace, house to the giant, hay-scrub, for Marstall, Mittermaierhaus, Palaces Boisserée, palace Morass, palace Weimar, city hall, observatory, mansion Bosch, Wormser yard

modern buildings

the national socialism and its consequences coin/shape the appearance of the city until today by several buildings. On firstPlace is to be called here the Thingstätte on the holy mountain. With the Thingstätte concerns it a free light stage in the style of a Greek Amphitheaters. It was built by the National Socialist realm work service and inaugurated 1935 by Josef Goebbels. The Thingstätte was forwardseverything as Propagandaplatform meant. Today it serves all kind as free light stage for cultural performances.

A further building, whose emergence stands in connection with the national socialism, is the new synagog in the west city. After the Jewish places of worship in Heidelberg 1938by national socialists, gave it up to the reestablishment of the Jewish municipality end of the war 1945 no firm prayer areas were down-burned more for Jewish citizens. After a set of removals the municipality in the 1994 inaugurated new synagog found its current at home.

Bergbahn zum Königstuhl 1917
Mountain railway to the king chair 1917

the Heidelberger mountain railway drives since 2005 with new motor coaches into the lower part to the whey cure prospect and the historical car in the upper distance section on the king chair. It is one of the most popular means around the Heidelberger lock tooreach. First planning for the mountain railway began already 1873. Because of missing funds the first distance section however only 1890 could be opened. 2004 were taken up the upper mountain railway to the monument book of the country Baden-Wuerttemberg.

The TV tower Heidelberg, that Telekom telecommunication tower Heidelberg as well as the telecommunication tower of US armed forces Heidelberg clarify, which plays Heidelberg also in telecommunications for the entire region an important role. All three transmitting towers are on the king chair.

See also: Town hall

historical places

One has one of the most beautiful views on the idyllische Heidelberger old part of town from the philosopher way. The way drove up on the holy mountain , which Neckarufer opposite on the Heidelberger lock is. After the rather inconspicuous beginning of the way in the quarter New home reaches the visitor the Philosophengärtchen finally. Here already already poets enjoyed such as Joseph of Eichendorff the view on Heidelberg and new works be inspired to let itself.

The donjon yard is one of the most romantic last Ruhestätten of Germany. Many importantPersonalities like the 1. Realm president Friedrich Ebert or the scientists Carl Bosch and Robert Bunsen lies here buried. Numerous monuments remind of the victims of past wars and the Holocaust. An attendance of the donjon yard resembles a journey into the pastcompletely Germany.

See also: Karl place, market place, synagog place, university University of, Valerieweg

museums

of the Kupferstecher and landscape painter Charles de Graimberg

of the history of the city Heidelberg and the Kurpfalz dedicates itself the Kurpfälzi museum. The emergenceowes the museum to the commitment of the French emigrant Charles de Graimberg, starting from 1810 began itself in the annals of the pfälzischen prince house to interest. Its collection at coins, weapons, paintings and other historical pieces formed the foundation-stone for thatExistence of the museum. Also the well-known twelve-messenger altar of Tilman belt cutter was already acquired by Graimberg. 1879 bought up the city the private collection, and 1908 opened the museum for the first time its gates in the palace Morass, where it itself also today stillfinds. The museum existence was strongly extended since its beginnings, so that one can inform there today about the history of the Kurpfalz into the earlyhistorical time.

The people customer museum accommodates a collection of works of art and ethnografischen objects made of Asia, Africa and Ozeanien. It is offered a view of art, and rituals of the peoples of those areas. The people customer museum decreases/goes back to the year 1921 and is today in the palace Weimar accommodated. Since its establishment it is in thatexclusive working group of the J. & E. of haven home donation, which was created 1919 by Victor Goldschmidt. The extensive collection of the Jewish scholar formed the basic existence of the museum.

Art friends become the exhibitions of the Heidelberger of art association and museum house Cajeth tooestimate know. The Heidelberger art association, with 1800 members of one of largest Germany, is obligated according to statute of the promotion and switching of contemporary art, the museum house Cajeth however dedicates itself to the “primitive art”.

Particularly worth mentioning are further the local history museums of Heidelberg.Five of the fourteen quarters maintain museums, which retain the individual history of the respective quarter and which interested public make accessible.

The Karzer was involuntary home for a multiplicity of students

with their numerous collections and exhibitions is the University of Heidelberga giant in the museum landscape of the city. Many of the universitären institutes and faculties are in the possession of extensive existence, which are publicly accessible. Completely different specialist areas such as Ägyptologie, Botanik, paleontology or Zoologie are in this way also the laymanaccessible. The university even affords its own university museum. Under all these mechanisms two particularly protrude: the Karzer as well as the university library. The Studentenkarzer is part of the student museum in the old person university. As the University of still another ownIurisdiction over students had, served a Karzer as prison for all too up-SAE-triumphs Kommillitonen. Generations of students conserved here established and with write implements of all kinds at the walls of the academic institute for detention the grind over its Alma mould for future generations.Apart from a multiplicity of newer books the university library accommodates one of the most well-known collections of old books and writings. Piece of splendor of the existence is the medium high-German song handwriting Codex one-eats. With the “Manessi song handwriting” it concerns the most extensive and most famous German collectiondichterischer works of the Middle Ages. A facsimile is to be seen constant in the university library.

Also the zoo Heidelberg is worth a excursion. It was created 1934 and tightens each year approximately one half million visitor. The animal existence covers about1000 animals from 200 kinds.

See also: Heidelberger museums [

work on] would list

theatre

the theatre of the city Heidelberg is the largest theatrical enterprise of the city, a local four-section theatre with music, speech, and dance theatres as well as its own ensemble for child andYouth theatre. Main play places are „the urban stage “and the studio stages „kennel 3 “. the theatre was opened to 1853 with a performance by Friedrich Schillers the bride of Messina. The city theatre organizes also the well-known lock festivals in the Heidelberger lock.

Also those University of Heidelberg maintains its own theatre with the Roman cellar. It is the largest forum for student and free theatre in the Neckarstadt. The Reputation of the Roman cellar extends far over Heidelberg - it is one of the bestbesuchten theatresthe region, which serves Europe out completely regularly as stage for internationally well-known groups of theatres.

A theatre with completely different style is the room theatre. Originally of five young actors from pure necessity based, it has 1950 to today itsSmall theatre charm receive - do not secrettap is it however for a long time any longer. The room theatre is by its many first and premieres also beyond the borders of Heidelberg admits become. It is the secondaryoldest private theatre of Germany. The room theatre becomes from that Promotion association of the friends of the room theatre financially supports.

Author the theatre is one of the recent theatres of Heidelberg - it was created 1984, 1987 found it in the old Tabakfabrik Landfried its at home. The name of the theatre is a wordplay with thatTerms theatre and author, which refer to the principle of the group: At the beginning the act stands - everything else will arise.

The doll theatre Plappermaul is a theatre, the one program particularly for younger (and remained young)Theatre-inspired offers. Worth mentioning further the Roadside theatre is, the English-language theatre of US armed forces in Heidelberg. It offers an anglo-saxon coined/shaped programme, which the style more American “community theatre” follows. Further theatres in Heidelberg, over an ownAs well as play place, is the Augustinum, the stage 14, the Cabaret small art orders in the Anna Bluem house, the Stephge, the theatre workshop Heidelberg, ticks the UnterwegsTheater.

cinema

in Heidelberg indicates it a multiplicityCinema with different adjustments. Harmony the lux cinema center as well as the lock cinema - both convenient in the Heidelberger old part of town - have a commercial program and to show above all large Blockbuster and Hollywood productions. A curiosity illustrating well the spirit of Heidelberg it is thatharmony the lux cinema center in the historical city hall of the Wormser of bishops is accommodated.

The Gloria & Gloriette, the camera, the Karl gate cinema as well as the Studio Europe offer an predominantly lifted program with many artistic and international films. The Karl gate cinema hasbeyond that regularly changing main topics, to which fremdsprachige films and documentations are pointed. Besonderse worth mentioning is annually the international Filmfestival Mannheim Heidelberg taking place in the Gloria & Gloriette, with which films are shown predominantly by “undiscovered” directors.

Orchestra and choirs

  • Philharmoni orchestra of the city Heidelberg
  • Collegium Musicum: Large choir, small choir and orchestra of the University of Heidelberg
  • Cappella Palatina Heidelberg; Church music to the Jesuitenkirche Heidelberg
  • Heidelberger Motettenchor under the direction of Hans's yokes pyrolusite
  • Heidelberger hard choir under thatLine of Bernhard Bentgens
  • 1. Fiber plastic Heidelberg (fiber plastic stands for woman choir) under the direction of Bernhard Bentgens
  • Philharmonic Wonder volume - a CROSS Over formation, which plays classical authors of the Beat and the modern times.
  • Music friends Heidelberg; Orchestra under the direction of René shoe
  • Brook choir Heidelberg registered association; under the direction of Christian Kabitz
  • Mokosané, Africa choir of the urban music and Singschule under the direction of EH Buckman
  • Heidelberger jazz choir under the direction of Joachim Berenbold
  • choir of the Evangelist studying municipality under the direction of XaverDetzel
  • Heidelberger Sinfoniker * [1]
  • “the choir flowers” - youth choir of the cross church Heidelberg Wieblingen

senior and citizen centers

after fundamental planning already in the 80's 20. Century in twelve quarters senior and citizen centers were furnished. They serve asPlace of the pastime exactly the same as as advisory board of the welfare organisations and the city administration.

Completely different program organization takes place via the local honorary cooperating. The city finances only the buildings and a part of the full-time cooperating. Thus there are surface covering points of approach forneedy persons and their member. In one older becoming society an important structure characteristic of urban social work. See. Gerontologie

objects of interest in the surrounding countryside

Schlossgarten Schloss Schwetzingen
palace garden lock Schwetzingen

worth seeing in the surrounding countryside of Heidelberg are above all the cities Speyer, Worms, Schwetzingen (in particular the summer lock of the cure princes with remarkable English park), shop castle, Bruchsal (with baroque lock, stairway by Balthasar Neumann), Mannheim with the art nouveau plant water tower and modern technique museum, pointing hole, Eberbach and hereditaryoh.

An experience is a river travel throughthe romantic Neckartal toward Heilbronn with the celebrations Dilsberg with Neckargemünd and many further castles. On second Sunday in August with the ship after Koblenz and back to Rhine in flames.

Tourism routes in the proximity: German crying race (in the west), asparagus route of Baden (after southwest), Kraichgau (after southeast), castle road (eastward) and the mountain route (northward).

For education the Spechbacheri Pfälzisch academy provides (see under dialect). The Bertha Benz travel with Schnauferln always starts in odd years on the second weekend in Augustand leads by Heidelberg. In Sinsheim there is the auto and technique museum (Oldiemuseum).

sport

sport has a high value in Heidelberg. The city maintains a special sport advancement program for years for the support of the associations. 2006 gave it inHeidelberg of 120 sport associations, 22 urban sports sites and 40 sport and gymnasia. Heidelberg is in addition German Rugby - center - equivalent five Rugbyvereine gives it in the city.

The member-strongest Sportverein of Heidelberg the 1889 are as turn association created TSG tubing brook - tooThere 2932 enthusiastic about sport ones were registered to beginning of the yearly 2006 as a member. Several Heidelberger of associations won already several times German championships, are examples the basketball association USC Heidelberg as well as the steeped in tradition swimming association sports association Nikar Heidelberg. The SG Heidelberg Kirchheim is the highest-rankingSoccer association of Heidelberg.

In the year 2003 a group was lent by three Heidelberger schools - the helmet getting time High School, which Johannes Kepler six-form high school as well as the Willy Hellpach school - by the German sport federation the descriptor “elite school of the sport “. The honor assigned for the special sport advancement programs,the those schools in co-operation with the Heidelberger to olympia base in the Neuenheimer field offer. Young athletes and athlete, who participate in this advancement program, receive special obligingness around school and training in agreement to bring. From the program already already are severalGerman masters and international successes come out. In completely Baden-Wuerttemberg there are so far only three cities with elite schools of the sport: Stuttgart, ford cheeks and deaf bishop home.

regular meetings

with its idyllischen appearance is Heidelberg a popular place forFestivenesses of all kinds. The following meetings take place regularly:

  • March/April: Heidelberger spring, music festival, international Ostereiermarkt Heidelberg
  • three weeks before Easter (Sunday Laetare): traditional summer tag course
  • April: Halbmarathon on the last weekend in April
  • April/May: Heidelberger theatre days
  • early summers: Annual award ofthe city of donated Clemens Brentano price
  • May: Spring fair on the measuring position
  • July: Theatermarathon at public places and at the play places
  • July/August: Heidelberger of lock festivals in the lock yard
  • June Septembers: in each case on first Saturday in June and September and on second Saturday in July - thoseHeidelberger lock lighting with brilliant fireworks of the old person bridge.
  • September: Heidelberger autumn in the old part of town and whole 2 km are enough for pedestrian precinct
  • Octobers: Autumn fair
  • Octobers/November: Enjoy jazz
  • November: International Filmfestival Mannheim Heidelberg
  • November/December: Weihnachtsmarkt in the old part of town

Heidelberg inthe seal

Joseph Viktor von Scheffel verfasste das bekannte Gedicht "Alt-Heidelberg, du feine"
Joseph Viktor of Scheffel the well-known poem “ old Heidelberg, you wrote purified”

well-being hardly another German city played such a dominant factor role in the poetry such as Heidelberg. Literary sizes such as Goethe or Tucholsky were occupied briefly with Heidelbergin their pieces, partly artist dedicated complete works to the city at the Neckar. Two of the most well-known of them are the poem „old Heidelberg, you purify “ from Joseph Victor of Scheffel, as well as the Operettenlied „I hab' my heart in Heidelberg lost “, which was composed 1927 by Friedrich Raimund Vesely. Further examples are the desert „long ones dear I you already “ from Friedrich Hölderlin, „the song of a student arrival in Heidelberg “ from Clemens Brentano and William Meyer Försters play „old Heidelberg “.In addition Gottfried of cellar poem might be on the famous Heidelberger old person bridge one of the most beautiful dear poems, which bring up for discussion an individual building.

Quotations from the mentioned and further songs and poems with a clear and well-known purchase to Heidelberg are to find in a separate article over Heidelberg in the seal.

languages, dialect

by the multi-cultural composition of the inhabitants one can hear many languages on the road. But the local dialect is „Kurpellsisch “or up High-German: the Pfälzer dialect in Kurpfälzer development.

From Kaiserslautern to MOS brook becomes more Frankish and/or. Rhine-Frankish dialect in innumerable small-scale variants „gebabbelt “, in the modern and multi-cultural city Heidelberg however less and less. Unforgotten Elsbeth Jandas of lectures are, for example thoseRole of the Liselotte of the Pfalz. The elegance of the French language is to be suspected perhaps still in the sentence melody and some leaning word still available.

personalities

in the city Heidelberg live, lived and worked many well-known personalities.Like that it is with one strolls not unusually by the old part of town a board at an inconspicuous house to see, which announced that once a famous personality lived here and worked.

The role of Heidelberg in the seal, already described, witnesses ofthe large attraction of the romantic Neckarstadt on poets and artists. Many famous poets such as Clemens Brentano or Jean Paul lived occasionally here and wrote their experiences down in poems and plays.

The basic role of the University of Heidelberg in the researcha further reason for the high number of well-known personalities of the city is Heidelberg. Many Nobelpreisträger such as Carl Bosch (Nobelpreisträger chemistry), George Wittig (Nobelpreis for chemistry 1979), roll ago Bothe (Nobelpreis for physics 1954), Ernst Ruska (1986) or Otto Meyerhof (Nobelpreisträger medicine), Bert Sakmann (Nobelpreis for medicine 1991) lived here, studied or taught. Innovative inventions like the spectroscopy were developed in Heidelberg from there living scholars.

More also over the following personalities: - Friedrich Ebert (first realm president) - Karl Jaspers (philosopher) - Ernst Jünger (writer) - Marie Marks Cartoonistin -- Liselotte of the Pfalz (duchess of Orléans) - Silvia Sommerlath (to the time. Queen of Sweden) - max of webers (sociologist) is over…

The list Heidelberger personalities, it offers an overview of well-known persons, whose life is linked with the history of the city.

work on] sees

also

literature

  1. city book of Baden; Volume IV - 2. Volume from “German city book. Manual of urban history - in the order work in accordance with. the historical commissions city day standard ware municipality daily, hrsg. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart, 1959
  2. the country Baden-Wuerttemberg - official descriptionafter circles and municipalities (in eight volumes); Hrsg. of the national's archives management Baden-Wuerttemberg; V bound: Governmental district Karlsruhe; Stuttgart, 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2
  3. Buselmeier, Michael (Hg.). Heidelberg reader. Townscapes from 1800 to today. Frankfurt A. M., 1986.
  4. Finch, olive: Small Heidelberger urban history. Regensburg 2005. ISBN 3-7917-1971-8
  5. Heidelberg. History and shape. Hrsg. of Elmar intermediary. Heidelberg: University University of C. Winter, 1996. ISBN 3-9215-2446-6
  6. Heidelberg… again discover, ISBN 3-8313-1303-2
  7. Scheffel, Joseph Victor of. “The Burschenschaft and their position in the present”, from the deduction given changeand introduced of Hans George Schmidt miner, in: Common land, an all one niche magazine, Bd. 18, 1998. S. 45-52.
  8. Office for land surveying Ba-Wü: Leisure map nature park Neckartal Odenwald - Mannheim Heidelberg. F 513. ISBN 3890216064 . Yardstick 1:30 000. 2005.
  9. Seeling, Jens. “Heidelberg - migrations by geologic history.” Frankfurt,2005.ISBN 3-938973-00-5.

Web on the left of

the official side of the city is registered in the data table above. There is also an extensive link collection.

Commons: Heidelberg - pictures, videos and/or audio files
Wikinews: Heidelberg - current messages
Wikiquote: Heidelberg - quotations
Wiktionary: Heidelberg - word origin, synonyms and translations
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