the the Holy See (Latin Sancta Sedes; also Apostoli chair mentioned) marks the Pope in its self understanding alone or together with the mechanisms of the Roman Kurie, by means of which the line of the Roman-catholic church is exercised.
Although also Vatikan calls, is the the Holy See of the state of the Vatikanstadt to differentiate, the one state with national territory, state people and government authority is. However the Pope is head of the state of the Vatikanstadt and the the Holy See represents this internationally.
The the Holy See and/or. Pope (identity in the sense of the church rightand international law) after common international law doctrine as sovereign, non-governmental international law subject is regarded. In international law this is at present only case that strength of her office and this office international law subjectivity comes to a natural person (in her official characteristic) in the long term. Thus the Pope differs from oneusual head of the government, who acts for an international law subject, however even no international law subject is. The reason for this situation lies in the fact that with the end of the church state the the Holy See should not remain without this status; after the acknowledgment of the Vatikan as “remainder church state” it is with this“doubled” international law sovereignty remained.
As such the the Holy See (and not the Vatikanstaat) is member or observer in different international organizations; at the United Nations the the Holy See is certified as permanent observers. This is not undisputedly, there different non-governmental organizations, in particular different churchesand religious communities, no such status one awards. However the criticism is meanwhile no longer strong so, since above all many states recognize the employment of the Pope for the peace. With the reform of the UN from 2004 on the UN plenary assembly, thus the 191 States of, has thatHoly chair of more rights been entitled. So it may intervene at the yearly plenary assembly in the debate to be allowed without having to wait for the permission of other states, and has also the right, answers as far as it concerns the holy chair.
Also the the Holy See is not identicalwith the catholic church, which represents its own right subject. The catholic church is even no international law subject; the Pope and/or. the the Holy See represents however as head the catholic church outward and can thus also their interests in diplomatic traffic represent.
To 16. January the the Holy See and Great Britain took up 1982 after 447 years again the full diplomatic relations. King Heinrich VIII. 1535 had loose-said itself of the catholic church and the anglikanische church had created.
the designation “holy chair” became in former times also different important Bishop seats awarded. In the course of the secularization after 1803 this designation was omitted however, the Vatikan thereafter with the term of the holy chair was equated.
As exception of it is considered the diocese Mainz, which today still chair holy as only diocese except Rome the title “(ofMainz) “leads.
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|Wiktionary: Holy chair - word origin, synonyms and translations|