Heinrich Boell

Heinrich Boell (monument in Berlin)

Heinrich Boell (* 21. December 1917 in Cologne; † 16. July 1985 in Langenbroich) was a German writer, translator and a Literaturnobelpreisträger.

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Heinrich Boell became to 21. December 1917 in the Teutoburger road 26 in Cologne - Raderthal as a sixth child and third son of Viktor Boell born.It originated from its second marriage. Its nut/mother was called Maria (geb. Gentleman man). The catholic elementary school in Cologne it visited from 1924 to 1928 and changed then on the nationally human emperor William High School in Cologne, where it put down also its Abitur. 1937it began bookseller teachings in Bonn, which it broke off after short time again. It was drawn in 1938 to the realm work service, registered in the summer 1939 for a study of the Germanistik and classical philology at the university to Cologne, becamebut already in the autumn 1939 into the German armed forces call up. Until 1945 fought to Heinrich Boell, last as an upper private first class, at several war fronts and became several marks wounded. During one front vacation in March 1942 he married its youth love Annemarie Cech. InIt came to April 1945 into American war shank, from which it became released in September.

Its first Kurzgeschichten appeared 1947. These can partially. also as postwar literature, and/or. rubble literature to be called.

Its sons Raimund, René and Vincent became into thatYears 1947, 1948 and 1950 born. The first son Christoph died in his birth year 1945, so that other brothers and sisters did not become acquainted with him, the second son Raimund died 1982 at cancer.

The years after 1950 formed the creative phase ofHeinrich Boell. The many works, which Boell brought out, prove this e.g.:Where were you, Adam? (1951), and not one word ( 1953) said, house without guardians (1954), Irish diary (1957), doctor Murkes collected silence and other satires (1958), Billard over halften (1959), opinions of a clown (1963) and end of an official travel (1966). In addition, into this time a controversy, those falls as “Boell and the black sheep” (resident of Munich Merkur, 9. November 1953) Sensation made. The following had happened: To 6.November 1953 took place in the context of the meeting row of “Munich discussions” (initiator was the bookseller Ernst Ludwig) in the Scholastika one evening, in which Boell reported about “theses to the recent German literature”. Boell attacked thereby the older generation of the man of letters,primarily Hermann Kesten. Under the present ones a certain thunderstorm tendency brewed itself together, which Heinrich Eduard Jacob considered through consciously and “evaporate intelligent words” knew. The press (South German newspaper, 9. November 1953) reported that “tired thirties[Boell] and fresh sixties [Jacob] “are one on the other met. In his upright and critical kind Boell was pleased briefly before his death about the “memory of youth sins” and noticed: “That was one of my first pitiful appearances! ”

Center topics of its booksthe experience of the war and social erroneous trends of the post-war period are in Germany.

1970 are appointed Heinrich Boell the president of the PEN club of Germany ( until 1972), short time later (1971) also the international president of the PEN club. It remained ituntil 1974.

1972, one year after appearance of its novel group picture with lady, provided Boell for a scandal relating to domestic affairs, as it in an essay for the mirror under the title want Ulrike Meinhof grace or free escort?for onethe reporting of the Springer press pleaded to human handling the terrorists of the RAF and in this connection attacked sharply. Thereupon with it a house search was made. It was considered to conservative circles since then as „a mental sympathizer “of the terrorism. Heinrich Boell suffered very underthe character assassination campaign of the conservative forces of the Federal Republic. 1974 appeared its probably most well-known work, the lost honour of the Katharina Bluem, whom a contribution represents for the force debate of the 70's and with the Springer press argues in particular critically (in over 30Languages translates).

In the following years busy Heinrich Boell increasingly with the political problems of its country and other countries, like Poland or the Soviet Union, and argued very critically with them. The Soviet these simmering ducks Alexander Solschenizyn and Lew Kopelew were guests in its house. In this time it was concerned also with several conflicts of South America. It tried to talk with the appropriate parties, so for example with a Bolivian woman delegation in Bolivia, around the problems locallyto solve. In this time Heinrich Boell in Ecuador got a container illness in the right leg. Because of this illness Boell was operated later in Ecuador and also in Germany.

It argued critically with the catholic church and stepped 1976out. It supported the peace movement and participated 1983 in a blockade of the rocket base courage-long .

His last work women before river landscape, a Bonn novel, developed and appeared in the year 1985.

It became at the beginning of of July 1985 into a hospital in Colognebrought, in order a further operation make to leave. After this operation to 15. July returned it to its house into the Eifel place Langenbroich. Here it died in the morning 16. July. It became three days later in Bornheim Merten inthe proximity of Cologne under large sympathy buries. With the funeral many colleagues and politician were present. Even Federal President at that time Richard von Weizsäcker participated in the funeral service, an indication of the enormously large public interest, which enjoyed Heinrich Boell.

Posthum appeared in the year 1992 its first novel of the angels playing in the post-war period was silent. Starting from 1949 the developed, 1951 of the publishing house Friedrich Middelhauve rejected book appeared at that time only kapitelweise in Kurzgeschichten. The Wuppertaler literature scientist Werner Bell man published thatHeimkehrerroman with a precise epilog for the first time. Further unpublished telling texts appeared 1995 under the title the pale dog with an epilog of Heinrich Vormweg and with this collection also a first text from the Vorkriegszeit. Boell's first in the post-war period more developedNovel, cross without love, was published 2002 in the context of the Cologne expenditure for Boell. The novel action is settled in the NS time, partly forwards, partly in the years of the Second World War. Appeared in the first volume to the Cologne expenditure for Boell in the meantime also inin the Vorkriegszeit developed novel of the later Nobelpreisträgers; it carries the title at the edge of the church and antizipiert Boell's later vehement argument with the civil catholicism.

Heinrich Boell donation and - price

1987 became the Heinrich Boell donation registered association.based. This hadfrom the beginning several tasks: on the one hand the promotion of education and research projects, which would have been in the sense of the name giver, whereby the topics migration, democracy, sex justice and environment were located in the center; on the other hand the co-operation with the collection, edition and publication of worksBoell. Since 1996 the association, after a fusion with the woman causing and the colored pencil federation , is the “intimate donation “of the party alliance 90/Die the Green.

In addition since 1985 at first annually, later every two years the Heinrich Boell price is lent.It is donated by the city Cologne and is endowed with € 20.000. The price is lent for outstanding achievements in the area of the German-language literature, also to unknown authors.

A project of the Heinrich Boell donation, the publishing house Kiepenheuer & Witsch, thatInheriting community Heinrich Boell and Heinrich Boell archives of the municipal library Cologne carries the names for” Cologne expenditure of the works Heinrich Boell “. In the course of this project set on 27 volumes all published and some unpublished texts are again to be published and commentated.

Work on []

  • Heinrich Boell 1951 the literary award for its work the black sheep lent honors „the group 47.
  • It received the George book he price in the year 1967 for its literary complete work.
  • 1972, one year after appearance of the novel group picturewith lady, he received as first Germans after the Second World War in Stockholm the Nobelpreis for literature, for a seal, which worked by its connection of time-historical farsightedness and affectionate organization strength renewing in the German literature. Crown Prince Carl Gustaf presented the honor for “a work, which was drawn always by the commitment for humanity” to him. (Note: 1946 received Hermann Hessian to the Nobelpreis for literature. First ethnic German Nobelpreisträger after the war was not Boell thereby; Hessianhowever at this time (1946) Swiss nationality had assumed.)
  • 1974 it the Carl of Ossietzky medal were already lent.
  • The advice of the city Cologne lent the honour citizen right , the country North Rhine-Westphalia the professor title to it.


Wikiquote: Heinrich Boell - Will never be
  • quotations the war to end, as long as still another wound bleeds, which it struck.
  • We are born, in order to remind us. Do not forget, but memory is our task [...].
  • Politeness is nevertheless the safest form thatVerachtung.
  • The humanity of a country shows itself by it, what lands in its waste, which at ordinary, still useful one, which at poetry thrown away, which destruction for worth is judged.
  • In the meantime the picture newspaper is nearly already the government-official sheet.
  • Itwas so unbelievably heavy, briefly after 1945 also only a half page Prosa to write [...].



  • Bernd Balzer (Hg.): Heinrich Boell. Works. 10 Bde. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1977/1978
  • Heinrich Boell: The Verwundung and other narrations. Lamuv publishing house, fount home 1983
  • Heinrich Boell: The angel was silent. Novel. With an epilog by Werner Bell man. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1992
  • Heinrich Boell: The pale dog. Narrations. With an epilog of Heinrich Vormweg.Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1995

research literature

  • Günter Wirth: Heinrich Boell. Essayisti study of religious and social motives in the Prosawerk of the poet. Union publishing house, Berlin (east) 1969 (2. suppl. Aufl.).
  • Christian Linder: Heinrich Boell: Life & letter,1917 - 1985. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1986. ISBN 3-462-01766-7
  • Marcel realm Ranicki: More than one poet: over Heinrich Boell. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1986. ISBN 3-462-01792-6
  • Klaus Schröter: Heinrich Boell. Rowohlt publishing house, Reinbek 1987. ISBN 3-499-50310-7
  • Yokes Vogt: Heinrich Boell. 2. Edition. Beck publishing house, Munich 1987. ISBN 3-406-31780-4
  • J.H. Reid: Heinrich Boell. A witness of its time. German paperbacks publishing house, Munich 1991. ISBN 3-423-04533-7
  • Werner Bell man (Hrsg.): The work Heinrich Boell. Bibliography with studies to the early work. West German publishing house, Opladen 1995.ISBN 3-531-12694-6
  • Werner Bell man (Hrsg.): Heinrich Boell, Romane and Erzählungen. Interpretations. Reclam, Stuttgart 2000. ISBN 3-15-017514-3
  • Christine Hummel: Intertextualität in the work Heinrich Boell. Scientific publishing house, Trier 2002. ISBN 3-88476-521-3
  • Heinrich Vormweg: The other oneGerman. Heinrich Boell. A biography. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2002. ISBN 3-462-03171-6

Web on the left of

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| | * Literature of and over Heinrich Boell in the catalog of the DDB



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