Heinrich Tramm (* 13. March 1854 in Hanover, † 13. March 1932 ebenda) was a German politician and civil servant, it was 1891-1918 the director of city of Hanover and coined/shaped the city fundamentally in the starting period around the turn of the century (“era Tramm”). After it the place before the new city hall, is designated the Trammplatz.
Tramm was the son of the hannoverschen architect Christian Heinrich Tramm and buildup after the early death of parents (1861 by illness) with the grandmother. After the attendance of the Lyzeums it studied 1874-77 on the right of and political sciences in Heidelberg, Leipzig and Berlin. 1883 he already became a full-time senator in hannoverschen municipal authorities and drew 1885 for the national liberals into the Prussian Lower House. 1891 he was selected to the director of city Hannovers (corresponds to the today's mayor), an office, which he held until 1918. Tramm was married in first marriage with Klärchen Meyer, its wife died already 1896. In second marriage he married the Olga Polna, a singer at the hannoverschen yard stage, which Jewish origin was, a fact, which caused a scandal in the “better” society of Hanover at this time. From his first marriage a daughter originated, from the second two sons; Oskar, the younger (* 1902), was executed 1943 in Plötzensee by the national socialists.
The city Hanover experienced three decades - during the “era Tramm” - owing to the energy and energy their director of city rapid industrielle and structural development. In addition belong for instance the incorporation of the suburbs gentleman living, shark wood, Vahrenwald and cunning 1891, the building of the Stöckener of cemetery, to the market hall, the hospital I at the stop hoping race (today: North city hospital) and the development of the Bödekerstrassen quarter (east city), all until 1895. The far Eindeichung of the Ägidienmasch, the purchases of the brickyards in grass village, Wülfel and Laatzen, the completion of drains for the internal city, the start-up of the water company grass village, the building of the three-phase alternating current power station gentleman Mr. (everything until 1901) and above all the building of the new city hall in the years 1901-13. Change of main station, high putting of the main routes, plant of the suburb stations, building of the goods evasion course (1902-10), acquisition of the zoo in Kirchrode (1903) and the small Bult (today zoo quarters) by the city and its development by the establishment of the new Ulanenkaserne, the regional directorate and later the town hall. Building of the new course, incorporation of the suburbs large and small book wood, Bothfeld, Lahe, Kirchrode, Döhren and Wülfel in the year 1907, which meant an increase of 60 km ² to the city, start-up of the water company Elze and acquisition of the manor castle (everything until 1912). A last peak point was the building of the town hall (1914) - directly around the corner Heinrich Tramm lived in its magnificent service mansion (today still receive). To its resignation as a director of city in the days of the November revolution 1918 Tramm returned 1919 again to the political life, when he was selected on his own list into the Hannover Bürgervorsteherkollegium. 1924-29 it was responsible to one the leader of the conservative “order block” and for the separation of the social-democratic mayor Robert flax ore unpopular in civil circles.
Tramm was an engaged art collecting tank (70 paintings hung at the time of its death in its mansion). Under the influence of max dear man, who painted haven advice of him and his Mrs. Olga, won Tramm entrance to modern artists and ensured for the purchase of its pictures by the city Hanover. Heinrich Tramms grave (honour grave of the state capital Hanover) - also of wife the Olga, geb. Polna (1869-1936) as well as the executed son Oskar (1902-43) - Engesohde, urn department 23 E, grave Nr.1a-b is on the city cemetery.
- Heinrich Tramm. Director of city of Hanover. 1854-1932. A life picture. Hanover: Brothers Jänicke 1932.
- Klaus Mlynek in: Hannover biographic encyclopedia. From the beginnings into the present. Hanover: Schlüter 2002, S. 362-363.
- Ines Katenhusen: Art and politics. Of Hanover arguments with the modern trend in the Weimar Republic. Hanover: Cock 1998. (Hannover studies. 5) ISBN 3-7752-4955-9 (in it S. 189-213: Urban art purchase politics and private Mäzenatentum in the “era Tramm”)
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|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of German politicians and civil servant|
|DATE OF BIRTH||13. March 1854|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hanover|
|DYING DATE||13. March 1932|