Henry of moorlands

Reclining Figure (1951) of Henry of moorlands

Henry of moorlands (* 30. July 1898 in Castleford, Yorkshire; † 31. August 1986 in Much Hadham, heart-Ford-almost) was an English sculptor and painter.

Moorlands is admits for its large, abstract sculptures, thoseare world-wide issued. The work is usually abstractions of the human body, typically as „nut/mother and a child “or as „resting figure “. From a short period into the 1950er moorlands woman figures represent years, in which moorlands created groups of families, predominantly.

Table of contents

Life

family and early years

of moorlands was born in Castleford, west Yorkshire , Great Britain as seventh of altogether eight children of the married couple Raymond Spence moorlands and Mary Baker. Its father was employee of a mine and attached importance on good trainingto prevent its children over that one of its children had to also work in the mines.

With 11 years had already decided moorlands to become sculptor. With support of its art teacher it began to model promptly in clay/tone and hew wood. Its parents were approximatelya career as sculptors, since this for it manual labor was.

In the year 1917, briefly after its 18. Birthday, was drawn in moorlands to the military service. It was the youngest in its regiment, „the civil service Rifles “ and participated in the battle of Cambrai, whereit during a gas attack was hurt. He recovered rapid, was not however involved for the remainder of the First World War any longer in active fights. Contrary to the experiences of many of its contemporaries no trauma suffered moorlands; Moorlands said about this time: „At me wentthe war in the romantic attempt, a hero to be past (for ME the was passed in A romance haze OF trying tons A hero) “.

After the war as a war participant a scholarship received moorlands, in order to continue its study. 1919 became moorlands thatfirst student of the Leeds School OF kind, the sculpture to study wanted - its academy of art had to furnish a suitable studio for him as the first.

academy of art

of moorlands became acquainted with OF kind Barbara Hepworth during its time to the Leeds School and began with ita friendship, which should outlast many years. By Michael Sadler, which a vice-chancellor to the Leeds School OF kind he became promptly confronted with the sculptor work of African races.

1921 received moorlands a scholarship, in order to continue its training at the Royal college OF kind in London, where Hepworthsince one year already studied. London offered the opportunity to it to argue far work African with the artistic work. He spent much time in the Victoria and Albert Museum and that British museum, in order to argue with the collections there.

Both moorland and Hepworthearly work corresponds to the traditional art instruction, with which above all unkomfortabel felt moorlands increasing. Lively by the African sculptures and under the influence of sculptors such as Constantin Brancusi, Jacob Epstein and franc Dobson he began to work on directly its material, irregularities of the materialto include and the ghost lines in its sculpture. With its art professors this function met on little support. One of Derwent Wood, the professor for sculpture at the Royal college OF kind, task posed planned that marble relief „the virgin with the child “of Roselli only inTo do over again clay/tone and to illustrate it then by a mechanical transmission method in marble. The model did and copied moorlands over again directly in marble thereby even on the surface the characteristics, which the mechanical transmission form would have left.

1924 were distinguished moorlands with a six month's travel scholarship, thatit it made possible to study in north Italy the work from Michelangelo , Giotto and other masters to. In later years often maintained moorlands, above all the meeting with me long lot work it would considerably have affected.

life in Hampstead

after its return to London beganTo inform moorlands themselves at the Royal college OF kind. Its instruction obligations required to be present of it only two days per week in the college, so that sufficiently time was to it at the disposal to continue its own work.

In July 1929 he married Irina Radetsky, oneArt student of the Royal college OF kind, which concentrated on painting. Irina was to 26. March 1907 come into Kiew as a daughter of Russian-Polish parents into the world. Their father disappeared in confusions of the Russian revolution, their nut/mother fled to Paris, where hermarried a British officer a little later. There Irina escaped to of Paris one year after the escape its nut/mother and visited the school up to their 16. Lebensjahr. Afterwards it lived with relatives of its stepfather in Buckinghamshire. Irina, of a calm and a reservedKind of nature was, was of moorlands preferred model.

Briefly after their wedding the pair Henry and Irina of moorlands referred a Studio in the Londoner quarter Hampstead, where other artists had already settled a whole row, who ranked among the avant-garde at that time. Briefly after them pulledauch Barbara Hepworth mit ihrem LebensgefährtenBen Nicholson in ihre Nähe. Also Naum Gabo and the art critic harsh ore READ lived in the direct environment. The proximity to the artistic colleagues was artistically very fruitful for Henry of moorlands and READ published regularly over it so that moorlandsever more strongly by the British public one noticed.

Into the early 1930er years moorlands as the leader the sculpture range to the Chelsea School OF kind was appointed. Parallel to the work of Barbara Hepworth became also moorland work increasingly more abstract. In addition regular journeys carried to Paris, where they met with French artists as for example Pablo Picasso , Georges Braque , Hans Arp and Alberto Giacometti. Paul Nashs argued and followed moorlands „unit One Group “ also with the Surrealismus 1933. Parallel to it it gave moorlands up increasingly,sculptures to work on directly, but created the collecting mains for his bronze sculptures in clay/tone or gypsum.

the time of the Second World War

with the outbreak of the Second World War terminated this innovative and productive phase in moorland work. The Chelsea School OF kindafter Northampton one shifted and moorlands gave his training posts up. While the war years received moorlands orders as if was kindist - „a war artist “and created above all strong designs of the Londoner, which looked for underground protection during the Bombardements of London in the Londoner. (More externally left). This designmoorlands announced internationally, particularly in the USA rose its admitting heating degree.

After their dwelling in Hambstead by a shrapnel were met, moorlands and his Mrs. Irina pulled Hoglands from London into a farm house named „“ in the Dörfchen Perry Green in close proximity to Much Hadham, Heart-Ford-almost. This house remained moorland homeland to to its end of life. Although it arrived later at substantial prosperity, it never considered moorlands necessary to move into a larger house and apart that it approximately established a set of workshop building on property around its house,the house remained however relatively unchanged.

international acknowledgment

Irina of moorlands had suffered several abortions, to 7. March 1946 came however finally its daughter Mary to the world. The child was designated after moorland nut/mother, that had deceased some years before. The birth thatDaughter led to the fact that moorlands a set of „nut/mother and child “- created compositions. In the same year first visited moorlands time the USA. New Yorker museums the OF decaying kind with a large exhibition and 1948 kept he honoured it the Sculpture price of the Biennale internationalby Venice.

Already toward end of the Second World War moorlands by Henry Morris one had addressed, which wanted to reform the training system by the mechanism of people's highschools (many situation of colleges). Morris had won walter Gropius as an architect for the planned people university building in Impington and should moorlands onelarge sculpture create, which should decorate the place before the building. For financial reasons the building and also the planned sculpture could not be realized; Moorlands used 1950 the draft however for a similar order work. For the place before a resuming school in Stevenage createdit one „Family Group “ (more externally left) - it was moorland first public large plastics.

Numerous further followed this order - among other things it created 1957 a monumental sculpture for the free area of the Unesco building in Paris. Due to the many public orders the format of moorland work tookclearly too and he began to work with a team from assistants to.

1957 to 1987

large retrospectives and large order work marked its work in the time of 1957 to 1987. One of the most famous exhibitions found in the summer 1972 on the area of the Forte di Belvedere in close proximity to Florenz instead of (more externally left). Toward end of the 1970er years work was shown by Henry moorlands in on the average forty exhibitions per year.

Henry of moorlands received again and again public orders for large plastics. 1962 it created the sculpture „Knife Edge TwoPiece “ for a place in the proximity of the Palace OF Westminster, London. Moorlands said to it:

„As one me the place in the proximity „of the House OF lord “… liked I it so much that I me - the alternative place in the Hyde parkdid not only regard - a lonely sculpture in a large park can look lost. The place before the House OF lord is against it completely different. In direct neighbourhood a path is, on that people goes past and it gives the possibility that they put themselves andthe sculpture to regard know. “

Moorlands due to the numerous orders to considerable prosperity had come and he made myself concern increasing by its inheritance. With support of its daughter Mary it created 1972 „the Henry of moorlands Trust “, which should prevent that on its deduction shank a too high Death duty to pay is. 1977 were so considerable its income that he had to exhaust 97 per cent of it, about one million Pound as tax. In order to reduce this fiscal charges something, it created 1977 „the Henry of moorlands Foundation “as non-profit donation. Irene and Mary of moorlands became asDonation members assigned. The goal of the donation was to be promoted it the public perception of the art and received moorland sculptures. Today the donation maintains the farm house Hogland as gallery and museum.

characteristics of its work

  • „truthfulness opposite the material “(a stone sculpture must afterMoorlands fairly the stone resemble; they look to leave like a nature from meat and blood, are bag plaything),
  • „full three-dimensional implementation “of the plastic idea,
  • „observation of thes subject of nature “and
  • „Vitalität and Kraft of the expression “

in its works always stood the picture of humans. ItsForms and motives tell unconsciously of the situation of humans today, reflect the spirit of the time of our epoch again. Its ability to open to the human in unsrer time new styles has the sculpture 20. Century crucially coined/shaped.

public honours

the collection into thatBritish aristocracy moorlands 1951 had rejected. 1955 it was distinguished however with „the Companion OF Honour “and it received to 1963 „the order OF Merit “. After its death to 31. August 1986 it became in the pc. Paul' s Cathedral buries.

constant exhibitions

O und Zeichnungen de Moores Skulpturen werden zahlreichen dentro o ausgestellt do Welt do der de Kunstmuseen. Considerable collections of its work are in the following art collections: • Henry of moorlands Foundation (more externally left), Much Hadham, Hampshire, UK • Henry of moorlands of institutes, Leeds, UK • Gallery, London, UK would do • Kind Gallery OFOntario, Toronto, Canada • Yorkshire Sculpture park, in close proximity to Leeds, UK.Louis IANA museum for modern trend art, at the Öresund north of Copenhagen

art theft

large attention caused the theft of Henry of moorland plastics „Reclining Figure “, work catalog number LH608, to 15.December 2005 before current monitoring cameras scarcely after 21 o'clock on the area of the Henry moorland donation in Perry Green on a stolen low loader was shipped and removed. Since that time plastics emerged not again. With Scotland one assumes yard that that 2.1 tons heavy work of art because of itsMaterials value one stole and one melted. The materials value of bronze plastics is with approximately 7,500 euro however far under the price of 4.4 million euro, which can be obtained on the art market.

chronology of its life in the overview

  • 1910 Castleford - primary school
  • 1915 Secondary School
  • February 1917 becameit to 15. London regiment drawn in
  • November 1917 in the battle with Cambrai it is wounded with a gas attack and sent back to London.
  • February 1919 it is demobilisiert first again teachers; in September it receives however a scholarship and announces themselves in Leeds to the SchoolOF kind on. There is no sculptor training, therefore the school furnishes its own faculty for moorlands.
  • 1921 scholarship for the Londoner Royal college OF kind (it scholarships follow to Paris and Italy).
  • 1925 the Royal college OF kind obligate the 28jährigen to 7 yearsas an instructor.
  • 1928 first single exhibition in the Warren Gallery, London.
  • 1929 marriage and the first lying figure.
  • 1930 member of the group unit One
  • 1932 he takes over the sculptor training to the Chelsea School OF kind to 1939
  • 1936 journey to Spain and removal after Much Haddham
  • 1941 Trustee Gallery 1945
  • honour doctor of the University of Leeds 1946
  • its daughter would do is born and it goes to New York to the retrospective museum OF decaying kind
  • 1948 large price for plastics of the Biennale Venice
  • 1951 journey to Greece
  • 1951-1954 develops it thoseConception of one reclining figure, the core and bowl separates, in order to unite it at the end again.
  • 1952 moorlands „the Krieger “1953
  • honour doctor of the University of London begins; Journey to Brazil and Mexico
  • Hauptwerke of the 50's: King and queen (bronze, 1952-53), Krieger with sign(Bronze 1952-53), uprightistic stic motives like the cross of Glenkiln (bronze, 1955-56) and the lying (1956-58).
  • 1958 honour doctor of the Harvard University
  • 1959 honour doctor in Cambridge
  • 1968 graphic work (over 260 lithographies , under it the series „elephant heads “, „Auden “, „Stonehenge “) 1978
  • Henry moorland sculpture center in Toronto strengthens is openedwith more than 500 work.
  • Art prices: 1948 in Venice, 1953 in São Paulo, 1958 in Pittsburgh, 1959 in Tokyo; Cologne lends 1957 the Stefan punch medal description

literature

John Hedgecoe; A monumentally vision: The Sculpture OF Henry of moorlands, Collins & Brown Ltd. 1998, ISBN 1-556-706-839

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