Hephaistos

Hephaistos (Greek Ἥφαιστος, Latin Hephaestus, eingedeutscht Hephäst) is in the Greek mythology the God of the fire and the Schmiede and corresponds to the Roman Vulcanus. It belongs to the Olympioi to the twelve olympic divinities .
Hephaestus forgesthe thunder wedges for Zeus; represented of Rubens

table of contents

myths

the son of the Zeus and the Hera (or witnessed of Hera in Parthenogenese alone) became, therehe small, ugly and crying into the world came, hurled by its nut/mother of the Olymp and fell thereby into the Okeanos with the island Lemnos. Since that time it was lame. There it was saved by the Meernymphen Thetis and Eurynomeand by them healthy and drawn up. With them he learned the forging art and manufactured them decoration. (Its cult had proceeded because of the volcanic activity of this island from Lemnos, the Romans located its workshop under the Ätna).

It was with Aphroditemarried, which did not take it very exactly as a dear goddess with the loyalty. It betrog it among other things with acre. Hephaistos experienced of it and manufactured a artful, indestructible net, which he fastened to the conjugal bed. As itself - in such a way reportsit Homer - Aphrodite and acre in this diverted, became them in this net imprisoned, and Hephaistos called the other Gods, which broke out however into schallendes a laughter, the proverbial „Homeri laughter “. The workshops of the Hephaistos were under that Vulkanon, where the Kyklopen was its forgingassociated. Further assistants were Bia and Kratos. As suited birth aids showed itself it, when Athena rose from the head of the Zeus (“Haphaistosschlag” as prototype of the Kaiserschnitts).

As thanks is it Zeus thoseAthena as a bride zugedacht. Athena disappeared however in the moment, when Hephaistos wanted to unite with it, and the seed fell on earth. Thus Erichthonios became, (out eris - controversy and chton - earth) the legendary herothe Athener, of Gaia born. Also the Aglaia, one of the three Chariten (daughters of the Zeus and the Eurynome) is to have geschwängert „the fame-rich limping foot” Hephaistos. Hesiod conceals however the names of the child. (Theogonie, 64 and. 945f.)

Hephaistos manufactures

its work in its underground Schmiede its most famous works, the attributes of the Gods and weapons of heroes:

Mythologi

Hephaistos is the only manual worker among the olympic divinities. That could on the high ageand the religious admiration of the forging art refer, which also the Ethnologie admits is, e.g. from the Sudan. The Topos of the “lame forge” occurs also in the Germanic legend (how/as country forge) and the assumption justified thatit a indoeuropäisches motive here to concern can. The brothers Grimm found a similarity to the nordischen Loki.

art

the forging Hephaistos is in the forming art motive gladly-used, for example with Tintoretto, Bassano, Rubens, Tiepolo, Velasquez and van Dyck.

see also

Commons: Hephaestus - pictures, videos and/or audio files



 

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