Herman Melville

Herman Melville
Herman Melville

Herman Melville (* 1. August 1819 in New York; † 28. September 1891 in New York) was an US-American writer, poet and an essayist.

Melvilles whale-catching novel Moby thick is considered today as one of the most important novels of the world literature. One of its descendants,the musician Moby selected it as artist name.

Table of contents

personal record

Melville drove with 15 or 16 years as a cab boy between the USA and Great Britain to sea. One1837 effected employment as teachers in New York gave Melville 1840 and hired on at the beginning of to 1841 in Nantucket on the whaler Acushnet. The conditions on board on the catch travel into the Pacific appeared Melville unreasonably, and it defected 1842 with the first intermediate stop upthe island Nukuhiva (Marquesas), where he spent several weeks together with a further sailor with one of the races of the island than a kind caught guest.

It escaped from Nukuhiva on the Australian whaler Lucy Ann and arrived after Tahiti (society islands). Thereit hired as a boat manager on the whaler Charles and Henry from Nantucket on and could in April 1843 on Hawaii again be discharged. In the August of the same yearly it hired on in Honolulu on the US-Navy-frigate United States as a simple sailor and turned with intermediate stayin Peru in October 1844 after bad clay/tone back. There he married to 4. August 1847 Elizabeth Shaw.

1849 traveled Melville to England, in order to bring to its there publisher the manuscripts of White Jacket, he undertook excursions to Paris and in the Rhine country, turned in February1850 to New York back. In the same year the Melvilles with money of the father-in-law Shaw acquired a small farm with Pittsfield, on which they were to 1863. In this time ordered Melville the yard, wrote its books and held occasionally lectures on itsExperiences in the Pacific.

Starting from 1857 Melville was troubled by heavy Rheumatismus and pushed from its family and the father-in-law to a recovery journey, which him to England, where he met Nathaniel Hawthorne, to the Mediterranean and into the holy country and in May 1857 led back.

1860 it segelteon tie-clip by meteor under the command of its younger brother Tom to San Francisco. Although it had originally planned a voyage round the world, it hurried soon from there with a steamer again back. it sold the yard to 1863 in Pittsfield and moved to New York. Inits last Lebensjahren could it - although to last literarily actively - no more of the Schriftstellerei to live and accepted a position than customs officers.

literary work

  • 1846 writes the novel Typee ( German Taipi ) to Melville, into that its experiences on thatIsland Nukuhiva flow
  • 1847 writes it into Omoo over its stay on Tahiti
  • 1849 appears with Mardi a more extensive and clearly fiktivere version of Typee
  • 1849 processes it into Redburn experiences of the first sea voyage than cab boy
  • 1850 reports it into White Jacket or, the Worldin A was over the experiences on the travel with the United States

1850 likewise begins Melville right after the acquisition of the farm to process the experiences on the Acushnet and the Charles and Henry. First in England in three volumes under the title The Whale published and Hawthorne dedicated novel tells the catch journey and history of the whale-catching ship Pequod and its captain Ahab, which is possessed by the hunt for the legendary white Pottwal from the perspective of the I storyteller Ishmael. Beside this central action thread are far predominantly philosophical, halfscientific,historical and mythologische views of the author enwoven.

Already on its South Seas journey 1841 was Melville the captain Owen Chase (the Melville as Chace wrote) and before it again its son met. This son showed it the book written by its father at that time in the conditions of the first attendantover the fall of the whaler Essex after an Pottwal attack, from which only few copies existed. Only 1850 came Melville however by the efforts of father-in-law Shaw locally into Nantucket into the possession of a copy of this book. The beginning of the tragedy described in this book- the Pottwalangriff - Melville impressed so much that he made these the fulminanten end of Moby thick. Besides Melville consulted numerous literature, William Shakespeare, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thomas Carlyle and also works of the friendly Hawthorne living in its proximity was on its read list. In August the work was to a large extent finished, reached however only in the next year the publishers.

It writes in addition into the latter part OF the

coming autumn I sound have ready A new to 1851 its British publisher smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Bentley work… A romanceOF adventure, founded upon certain wildly legends authors own personal experience the into the Southern Sperm Whale Fisheries and illustrated by, OF two years & more as A more harpooneer… I DO emergency know that the subject treated OF has more ever been worked UP byA more romancier; or, indeed, by any more writer into any adequate men.
to German about:
In the coming late autumn I should be finished with a new work… a romantic history over the adventure, which bases on certain wild legends from the Pottwalfanggebieten in the south, decorated alsothe own personal experiences of the author as if harpoon, which he gained in the course of more than two years… I would not know that the treated topic would ever have been worked on by a Romancier, at all by any writer in appropriate way.

Lifetimes Melvilles becamesells only about 3000 copies of Moby thick.

After the American civil war it had some financial successes with war stories. The 1853 published Kurzgeschichte Bartleby, the Scrivener as of Melvilles and as a forerunner existenzialistischer and absurd literature one regards to most important works.

The epische work Clarelof 1876 over a Pilgerreise in the holy country remained unknown to Melvilles lifetimes. With its death 1891 in New York it left the unfinished work Billy Budd, Foretopman, which only 1924 was published and taken by Benjamin Britten for the basis of an opera.

Melvilles workwas as it died already forgotten; in the library catalog of the Yale university Moby thick was led only in the category Cetologie (the science of the whales) and dusty. Only into the 1920er a circle of New Yorker literature scientists its work help years to acknowledgment, everything in front Carlvan Doren, Carl van Vechten and Raymond Weaver.


  • Typee, 1846 (dt. Taipi)
  • Omoo, 1847 (dt. Omu)
  • Mardi, 1849, (dt.:Mardi and a journey there)
  • Redburn, 1849
  • White Jacket or The World in AWere, 1849 (dt.: White jacket or the world on a warship)
  • Moby thick, 1851
  • Pierre, 1853 (dt. Pierre or the ambiguities
  • Bartleby The Scrivener, 1853 (dt. Bartleby of the writers)
  • Israel Potter, 1855 (dt. 1960 Israel Potter. Its fifty yearsin the exile. Lp Leipzig 1991)
  • Piazza of valley, 1856 (dt.: Piazza narrations)
  • The Confidence One, 1857 (dt.: Masquerades or confidence against confidence)
  • Battle Pieces, 1866
  • John Marr and OTHER Sailors, 1888
  • Timoleon, 1891
  • Billy Budd, 1924
work on []


  • Owen Chase, the fall that Essex (1821), ISBN 349223514X August 2002
  • The Loss OF the Ship Essex, Sunk by A Whale, by Authors: Thomas Nickerson, Owen Chase, Nathaniel Philbrick, Thomas Philbrick, Penguin Classics) Released: May, 2000 ISBN 0140437967
work on []

Current one German expenditures for work

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: Herman Melville - quotations
  • {{#if:
| | * Literature of and over Herman Melville in the catalog of the DDB



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