Hermann of Pückler Muskau

prince Hermann of Pückler Muskau

prince Hermann of Pückler mash-chew (* 30. October 1785 on lock mash-chew/Oberlausitz; † 4. February 1871 on lock Branitz, Cottbus/Niederlausitz), son of the count Erdmann von Pückler and the realm countess Clementine of call mountain, were a German condition gentleman, master in the art of gardening (landscape architect), a Dandy, a far-traveled adventurer and a liberal a writer (his alias as author and travelers: „The deceased “or „Semilasso “), also - quite intended - the hero of numerous anecdotes.

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from its nut/mother inheritance Muskaus (the largest condition rule of the Hl. Roman realm of German nation) it buildup first in difficult family conditions. Its nut/mother, then he formulated it as 16-Jährigerin a letter to the father, it treated him like a toy “without even to know why she struck me soon, soon dear-costs “. The father earthling count Pückler was considered as mürrisch and locked. In the same letter Pückler described its education as follows: “In the early years of my childhood I find stupider in the hands theils, theils more roughly availed myself, me quite after favours treated.“Only his grandfather count von Callenberg and his house teacher Andreas Tamm understood the young count, the latter became about the nut/mother howeverin a forced manner to going. Given after the death of the grandfather the seven-year-old on urge of its nut/mother 1792 for four years to the gentleman guardians after after Uhyst, then on „the Pädagogium resounds. The strictly pietistische education to the “herrenhutischen Heuchelanstalt “(so Pückler themselves) justifiedits later dislike against the protest anti-mash. Where he expresses himself religiously, a decided Pantheismus steps out . (At the high age it converted to the catholic church.)

1801 it registered for the study of the rights at the University of Leipzig, fallow this however promptly off and began themselves onemilitary career, (1802-06 officer in Saxonian guard you the Corps in Dresden), in order finally expanded journeys - to often undertake to foot into Provence and to Italy. 1811 he became condition gentleman, handed soon the administration over its friends, to who poet took Leopold Schefer,then in Russian and Saxonia weimarischen services as an officer in the campaign against Napoleon part (brief military governor of Brügge). 1812 consequence-fraught England - journey, where he discovered his appointment in view of the there parks to the master in the art of gardening. After the Viennese congress 1815 fell Pücklers part of the Lausitz of Saxoniaat Prussia. According to estimations of historians Pückler was one of the fifteen largest land owners in the Kingdom of Prussia.

To 9. October 1817 marriage with the nine years older Lucie of hard mountain, divorced of pasteboard home, 1822 gefürstet, 1826 per forma divorce of Lucie (with which ittogether remained nevertheless lifelong), because the indebted park and refining confining age wanted to travel to England, in order to marry again richly. On the search for a wealthy heiress Pückler between 1825 and 1829 spent many months in England. It admired the life-style of the English land aristocracy, which itas the best element in the English society regarded. Regardless of its criticized it in the letters to his Mrs. Lucie with sharp words inconsiderate driving of the Landbevölkerung out in Ireland by English aristocrat, those in Ireland the sheep breed intensified.

The renewed journey to England was regarding its marriage intentions therefore also little successfully. The prince decided now to travel to North America but because of a duel it missed the ship departure. Instead it undertook journeys to Egypt, where it of the Sultan and pasha Muhammad Ali pasha as a state guestand for its stay a palace with personnel received, journeys into the Near East (Hester Stanhope meet) was received with lady, to Istanbul (it tried to become unsuccessful, there Prussian Ambassador) and Greece. Politically it represented liberal positions and stood for the Prussian Reformernaround the baron of the stone close. Thus it pleaded for a political autonomy on local level. This and its extravaganter life-style made him in the Prussia of the conventional Meier era suspect. In Berlin it excited attention with one with deer covered Kutsche. The the subject of the gossip it madeitself by the fact that he bought 1837 on an Egyptian slave market the 14-jährige Äthiopierin Machbuba and it also after mash-chew brought.

Since it with the plant of his first park in mash-chew yourself financially had taken over, it sold the condition rule mash-chews 1845. It arrived later in possessionthe family of Arnim. Prince Pückler pulled on its hereditary lock Branitz with Cottbus. Proceeds from the sales of mash-chew used it to leave over the lock Branitz by the citizen of Berlin building master Friedrich Karl Schinkel changes and around again a landscape park after English model,the today's prince Pückler park to put on. This park was the heart of the Bundesgartenschau 1995 in Cottbus.

Prince Pückler was as daring admits (e.g. 1815 ascent with a free balloon, 1837 journey to the Nile Qatar documents. Still as 81-jähriger it took 1866 at the Prussian campaign against Austria Hungary) part and - however unsuccessfully - 1870 applied for a participation in the campaign against France.

Up to its death in the year 1871 he dedicated himself the Schriftstellerei (he was a first German writer, who used carbon paper for copies). It ordered that its heartin sulfuric acid to be dissolved is and the body in caustic soda, caustic potash and quick lime be bedded is. Thus it became to 9. February 1871 buried in the Tumulus - a sea-pyramid in the park lake of the Branitzer lock park -. Since it was childless, the lock resulted after its deaththe nephew Heinrich realm count von Pückler.

garden-artistic and literary work

new lock in the park of mash-chew

among connoisseurs is considered it as an garden-artistic genius, his advancement „of the English park “in the landscape parks of mash-chew and Branitz becomes pretty often even over Lenné and Sckell posed. Which made both parks so expensive was the circumstance that Pückler for its plant let enormous quantities surface soil transport out far distant areas on ox trucks, since the sandige underground for the planned vegetation was unsuitable. Beyond that it succeeded to it for the first time, attained full growth treesto transplant. It let it advance on a special cart and to prepare the soil at the new location “tree-fairly”. Thus it succeeded to it to carry out its concept of the “view axles” with the plant of the parks. Both parks and those its pupil (particularly:Eduard Petzold, 1815- 91) made internationally until North America school and counts until today the special high points of the landscape design in 19. Century in Europe. Pückler that its possibilities of the inspection of the English country house and the admission to the garden plants in the England to estimate knew, took overthis also for its landscape gardens and expanded it on everyone.

As storyteller, correspondent and a letter writer he was very fruitful. Its literary fame among the contemporaries is based on the anonymous published „letters of a deceased “. It originally actually concerned lettersto his Mrs. Lucie, and it was their idea to publish the letters in printed form. They became within a short time in France, England and Germany best-sellers. In addition it help apart from its stylistic qualities that he had entrance to the prominent houses of Europe as an aristocratand its reader at these experiences sharings left. As style-safe Dandy, which had a highranking and expanded friend and circle of acquaintances (e.g. Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Leopold Schefer, Bettina of Arnim, Karl August Varnhagen of Ense, Heinrich Heine) was with numerous,trusts also exotic environments; it was able to keep up quite with osmanischen viceroys and Arab Emiren on eye level. It knew this exactly to describe anzüglich and spöttisch.

The “prince Pückler ice “however, in the GDR linguistic usage also Pückler cuts mentioned, is not its invention.


numerous parks of its pupil Pücklers show Eduard Petzold garden-artistic style influences.


  • of letters of a deceased (4 Bde., 1830-31, where the description of the English park affected of Warwick Edgar Allan Poes “park of Arnheim “strongly)
  • suggestions over landscape market garden (its only work, which it with namesdrew; 1834)
  • Tutti Frutti (5 Bde., 1834)
  • Semilassos of the last but one world course (3 Bde., 1835)
  • Semilasso in Africa (5 Bde., 1836)
  • the forerunner (1838)
  • youth migrations (1835)
  • southeast picture hall (1840, a report on a journey from Greece)
  • from Mehemed Ali' s realm (3 Bde., 1844)
  • the return (3 Bde., 1846-48)
  • exchange of letters andDiaries of the prince Hermann of Pückler Muskau (9 Bde, hgg. from the deduction of Ludmilla Assing; 1873-76)
  • Love letters of an old Kavaliers. Exchange of letters of the prince Pückler with Ada of Treskow (hgg. by Werner Deetjen, 1938)



secondary literature

  • Eduard Petzold: Prince Hermann of Pückler Muskau in its meaning for the screen end garden architecture, 1874
  • Ulf Jacob: “It is to become good on earth” or thoseGarden worlds of the Hermann prince of Pückler Muskau as social regional structures. In:Culture sociology, 1998, Jg. VII, H. 2, S. 55-79

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