Gentleman Mr. brother common

the gentleman Mr. brother common form a Christian faith movement coming from the Pietismus and the Czech reformation within the Protestant church (“Kirchlein in the church “). As community it is usually assigned today to the free churches.


table of contents

origin and name variations

thoseMovement is considered as establishment of Nikolaus Ludwig count von Zinzendorf, who had granted 1722 on its property Berthelsdorf in the Oberlausitz Böhmi brothers as Exulanten admission (after its death took over it 1764 lock and property). Their pronounced Religiosität accordinglythey placed their community under the “Obhut of the gentleman " and still called its colonygentleman hat “, from in the further by influx in 18. Century an administrative municipality became, which became independent 1895 and 1929 municipal law received.

ThoseGentleman Mr. brother common are called also briefly therefore gentleman guardians or brother-common (not to confound with the brother municipalities). Further also designations are like renewed brother universityty, Unitas Fratrum, Evangelist brother church or modifications of it in the circulation. In the English linguistic area they becomewhen Moravians (of Mähren) designates, and its community that is called according to “Moravian Church “.

the Moravian Church of 762,000 members , of it 480,000 in Africa and 32,500 in Europe belong to spreading world-wide.

The brother church hastoday their head office still in gentleman hat in the Oberlausitz (district Löbau Zittau/Saxonia) as well as in the württembergischen bath Boell in the district Göppingen. Their Central European municipalities are mainly in central and West Germany; there are two in South Germany, four in that Switzerland and some in the Netherlands, one in Denmark in Christian field. World-wide the Moravian Church is common in 30 countries. In particular in the Karibik, in east and South Africa from the mission work recent churches developed. The brother-common are Member of the Evangelist mission work in South West German country.

Municipalities in Germany

bath Boell, Berlin Mitte/Neukölln, Bielefeld, Cottbus, Dresden, Duesseldorf, Ebersdorf, Forst, Frankfurt/Main, Gnadau, Hamburg, gentleman Mr., gentleman Mr., Kleinwelka, king field, Neudietendorf, new grace field, Neuwied, Niesky, Tossens, Zwickau

organization

the brother universityty is synodalorganized. World-wide there are 19 provinces, whose representative meets every seven years to a Unitätssynode.

The responsibility for the municipality is at the Council of Elders, the responsibility for the province with the Synode. The office for bishop is not purely religious and has functions of the administration.

currents from the Czech Vorreformation of January Hus have themselves theology in the brother church, from which Pietismus and Calvinismus combine. It represents a partnership, by Christ given and by the holy spirit through-worked, in the theologians and laymen work. It is the right and the obligation of each member to read and lay for itself the Bible out.

The three-way surgery to Diaconus, Presbyter and bishop originates from the Böhmisch Mähri brother church. The bishops of the brother universityty standin the apostolischen Sukzession.

In the teachings justification and release are stressed by death by Jesus Christ at the cross, the welfare and love and working of the holy spirit.

history

1457 developed one of the first Evangelist churchesin Böhmen, the Unitas Fratrum or brother universityty (Böhmi brothers), to the 1415 January Hus burned in Konstanz as Ketzer appointed itself and later of Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670), their first bishop, was coined/shaped. Due to the GegenreformationBeginning 18. Century came they starting from 1722 from Mähren on the property of Nikolaus Ludwig count von Zinzendorf (1700-1760).

By Zinzendorf pietistische and impulses originating from the reformation came in the motion. It wanted the movement however within thatlutherischen regional church leave - a tradition, which still away-lives at some places in the brother church.

mission

was spread the brother universityty already 1732 by mission in the whole world, begun in the Karibik, Greenland, South Africa and 1735 in Suriname. Also today it still maintains a mission organization, the gentleman Mr. mission assistance (HMH), that operates mission work in 17 countries.

It was thereby one of the principles of the gentleman Mr. mission to turn to humans about whom nobody worried otherwise. Count Zinzendorf,the religious director/conductor of the municipality in gentleman hat, was convinced of it that God is effective by its spirit in the whole world, also among humans, who him not yet. The gentleman masters of mission acres should humans, with those them in contactcame, therefore help to become acquainted with and experience this always among them effective God better that he became in Jesus Christ humans, in order to release they.

From the beginning an holistic mission understanding was pursued and for it strove, besideto improve the Verkündigung of this glad message also the concrete life circumstances of humans, for example by the establishment of schools and medical assistance. A further principle of the gentleman Mr. mission was as fast as possible it, humans, who had come to the faith,to begin to further-assure the glad message among their fellow men. In this way they were also included from the outset into the responsibility.

From the effectiveness of the gentleman masters of mission acres today a world-wide church with 19 independent church provinces developed. Within theseCommunity exists a close co-operation to fulfill by which the different provinces mutually supports each other, their missionary order. From Germany special relations with the work the brother-common exists in Tanzania, South Africa, Suriname and Palästina. The Evangelist one Brother-common (Broedergemeente) in Suriname received 1963 in the context of the world-wide brother universityty their independence and counts approx. 50,000 members. It is the largest Evangelist church in Suriname with many dia.-conical and social mechanisms.

With the support of many friends becomesco-operation perception and coordinates registered association from the gentleman Mr. mission assistance. (HMH) in bath Boell. http://www.herrnhuter-missionshilfe.de

beside the work within the independent church provinces are fulfilled by the gentleman Mr. brother common also new tasks of mission. They happen within world-wide common responsibility. In the year 1988 were furnished the fund” new certification for the world “, into which all church provinces deposit money for financing. The concrete execution of the respective mission enterprise is transferred to the province, which is convenient locally next. Here some places and regions,in those today by the brother-common answered for mission work happens:

gives

passwords the Evangelist brother universityty since 1731 (2005 thus to 275. Times) annually the gentleman Mr. passwords out. They recommend for each daythe calendar a short Bible text to the devotion. They are in the meantime, translated into 50 languages, on all continents in an annual edition of approx. 1,75 million in the use. The gentleman Mr. Advents and Weihnachtssterne liked in many countries become from oneto the brother universityty belonging GmbH - this very day - in manual work manufactured.

schools

the brother-common maintains at present 6 schools, among them High Schools, vocational ones, reason, material and schools for the handicapped (4 in Germany, 2 in the Netherlands).

Ökumene

thoseBrother universityty is actively in the Ökumene engaged, in particular in numerous interdenominational missionary working groups. It is attached the Evangelist church in Germany (EKD), member in the Ökumeni advice of the churches and guest with song in the combination of Evangelist free churches. She works at differentbetween-church federations also. Many gentleman guardians take part also in the activities of the Evangelist alliance.

see also

other

the gentleman Mr. brother church has many relations with other countries due to their pronounced mission work. Thus 1887 in Neuwied the first international soccer game on German soil took place. (S.)

literature

  • Birgit A. Trained: The schlesischen addresses of the gentleman Mr. brother common grace mountain, grace-freely and grace field - examples of a religiously coined/shaped settlement form. Publishing house Degener & cost, Insingen with Rothenburg o.d.T. 2005, ISBN 3-7686-3502-3.

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