Duchy Schleswig

the duchy Schleswig existed until 1864. Capital was the city Schleswig.

Table of contents

geography

the surface of the historical Schleswig (Danish: Slesvig)identically Südschleswig is in the north of Schleswig-Holstein , consisting of the circles Nordfriesland, Schleswig Flensburg , a part of Rendsburg Eckernfördes as well as the city Flensburg, and Nordschleswig in the south of Denmark to the region (office Sønderjylland).

To 1864 belonged to the duchy stillsieve Kirchspiele south of Kolding and the islands Ærø and Fehmarn on. The royally Danish enclaves (Møgeltønder, Amrum, Westerland Föhr, Listland/Sylt) were not part of the duchy.

In the south Eider and Levensau were the border to Dithmar and Holstein. Itbecame already in the 11. Century of Adam of Bremen mentions. In the north the king sow formed (Danish: Kongeå) the border to the remaining Jutland. In the west the North Sea is, in the east the Baltic Sea.

population

thoseSettlement history is various. Up to the early Middle Ages Schleswig was particularly settled of the fishing rods. After these up to 6. Century on the British island to have emigrated are, immigrated from the north jutes and Danes. At the west coast settled themselvesthe Friesen on. The region between the lines Eckernförde - Treene and Eider - Levensau was settled and of dense forest covered and only in the high Middle Ages by Saxonia coming from the south was hardly settled . Originally dänischsprachig, spread Niederdeutsch since that 14. Century particularly in the cities and in the noble Oberschicht. In 19. Century became it also colloquial language in fishing rods and into the 1930er years on the Schleswig Geest, while Nordschleswig remained dänischsprachig. Onthe west coast Nordfriesisch was spoken. Already in 17. Century became generally accepted however Niederdeutsch on oath first EDT, north beach and the Halligen and spread increasingly on the mainland. Today still about 10,000 Nordfriesen Friesisch speak, particularly on the islands Amrum, Föhr, Sylt and Helgoland as well as in the area of Risum Lindholm.

history

political was Schleswig a duchy, in 12. Century as Lehen of the Danish king was assigned. Since that 14. Century cameit to an increasingly close connection with the German county Holstein; thus the holsteinische aristocracy acquired expanded possession in Schleswig. The family of the looking citizens could be established in the late Middle Ages as dukes of Schleswig and count von Holstein and onecommon, schleswig holsteinische rule develop. The duchy Schleswig remained however still Danish Lehen, while Holstein Lehen of the German emperor was. As looking citizens the sex 1459 with death Adolf VIII. became extinct, was been the aristocracy in both territories because of it,that in both areas further the same ruler is to govern, and they selected therefore the Danish king Christian I., a nephew Adolf VIII., to the national gentleman.

In the contract of Ripen 1460, it was located to the choice surrender Christian I. among other things that SE bliwen tosamendeOI eternally ungedeelt. Although this does not have to do right at the back in the document standing Paragraf in the contemporary context to anything with a territorial indivisibility (Jahnke 2003), became OI eternally ungedeelt the guidance slogan of the schleswig holsteinischen movement 19. Century, thosea detachment of the Danish total state aimed at. With the arising of the national movements on the one hand the effort of Denmark developed to integrate Schleswig completely into the Danish state on the other hand the slogan of the German national movement in Schleswig-Holstein for the complete detachment of the DanishCrown.

Schleswig was so frequently cause for conflicts in 19. Century between Denmark and Prussia. 1848 demanded the German liberals the admission Schleswigs into the German federation, while the Danish liberals demanded the integration of the duchy in the Kingdom of Denmark(Eiderdänen). Thus it finally came to the GermanDanish war 1864. Afterwards Schleswig was a part of Prussia and formed together with Holstein the Prussian province Schleswig-Holstein.

1867 stepped Schleswig the German customs union with (together with Holstein, Luebeck, the duchy Lauenburg and the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg).

1920 was accomplished in the northern part of Schleswigs populars vote, whose result was the division Schleswigs. In addition two plebiscite zones were determined, for which the borders and tuning modalities were implemented by Denmark. In thatPlebiscite zone I (nordschleswig) was co-ordinated with pressure of Denmark EN bloc, so that this altogether by the majority Danish settled section, the today's Nordschleswig (office Sønderjylland), for the connection at Denmark votierte, however also the cities Apenrade by the majority votierenden for Germany (Danish: Åbenrå), special castle (Danish: Sønderborg), Tingleff (Danish: Tinglev) and Tondern (Danish: Tønder) as well as the almost exclusively German settled region around Tondern, which was correct with 77% for the whereabouts with Germany, at Denmark fell. On the other hand decidedin plebiscite zone II (mittelschleswig), in which gemeindeweise one selected, no municipality for Denmark, so that Mittelschleswig was correct for the whereabouts with Germany. The size at that time of the minorities amounted to about. 25.500 Germans in Nordschleswig (zone 1) as well as about. 12,800 Danes inMittelschleswig (zone 2). By the German historian Tiedje became after the voting results a border correction on the so-called. Tiedje line suggested, which would have led too for instance equal large minorities on both sides the new border. From Denmark and the allied powers this suggestion became howeverrejected, so that it with to today valid Greneze on the so-called.Claus EN line remained.

The Prussian province Schleswig-Holstein made smaller now became after the Second World War as country Schleswig-Holstein part of the Federal Republic of Germany.

In both parts Schleswigs live today national Minorities that in each case different side.

literature

  • Ulrich is enough, for Henrik Becker Christensen (Hrsg), history Schleswigs. From the early Middle Ages to 1920, Institut for Grænseregionsforskning: Aabenraa, 1998, ISBN 87-90163-74-5
  • Carsten Jahnke: “dat SE bliven ewuch tosamende ungedelt”. New considerationsto an old key word, in: Magazine of the society for Schleswig Holsteini history, Bd. for 128, 2003, ISBN 3-529-02328-0
  • Ulrich be enough (Hrsg.): History of Schleswig-Holstein. New cathedral (Wachholtz) 2003, ISBN 3-529-02440-6
  • Jann Markus joke/Heiko Vosgerau (Hrsg.): Schleswig-Holstein from the origins to the present. A national history.Hamburg: Convent publishing house 2002, ISBN 3-934613-39-X

of dukes of Schleswig

the list contains an overview of the Jarle and/or. Dukes Schleswigs/Südjütlands:



see also: Ox way, Flensburg, Thing hoist, duchy Holstein, count von Schauenburg and Holstein

 

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