Hildesheim

coat of arms map
Wappen von Hildesheim
Hildesheims Lage in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Lower Saxony
district: Hildesheim
kind of municipality: Large independent city
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 52° 9 ' N, 9° 57 ' O
52° 9 ' N, 9° 57 ' O
height: 78 m and. NN
surface: 92,96 km ²
inhabitants: 102.654 (30. September 2005)
Population density: 1,104 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip codes: 31101-31141 (old: 3200)
Preselection: 05121
Kfz characteristics: REAR
municipality keys: 03 2 54 021
city arrangement: 19 urban districts under it
are 9 localities address
that at the same time
City administration:
Market 1
31134 Hildesheim
Website: www.hildesheim.de
politics
mayor: Briefly making
governing parties: CDU, SPD, Bündnis90/Die the Green, FDP, BAH

Hildesheim is a city in the south of the Land of the Federal Republic Lower Saxony. The large independent city, District town and largest city of the district of the same name are one of the 8 upper centers of the country. Until 1974 it was a circle-free city. Next larger cities are Hanover, approx. 30 km northwest and Braunschweig, approx. 40 km northeast from Hildesheim.The city is catholic bishop seat (diocese Hildesheim) and university town. The Hildesheimer silver find of 1868 is singular. It is accepted by different historians that it itself thereby around a Relikt of the Varusschlacht from the year 9 n.Chr acts.

The number of inhabitants of the city Hildesheim exceeded 1974 by incorporation of several neighbour municipalities the border of 100.000, whereby it became the large city. With its current approximately 103,000 inhabitants it is the smallest large city of the country Lower Saxony.

Table of contents

Geografie

Hildesheimthe Hildesheimer Börde, predominantly at the right bank of the river internal one, is to a tributary of the line because of the border of the inside mountain country and.

neighbour municipalities

the following municipalities border on the city Hildesheim. They become in the clockwise directionbeginning in the north mentioned and all belong to the district Hildesheim:

Harsum, Schellerten, bath Salzdetfurth, Diekholzen, Despetal and Betheln (integrated municipality Gronau (line)), North lifting and Giesen.

city arrangement

the city Hildesheims is arrangedinto 19 urban districts and/or. Quarters. 8 quarters form in each case their own locality, two further quarters form together a common locality in the sense of the Gemeindeordnung of Lower Saxony (NGO). Each locality has a local advice, that depending upon number of inhabitants of the localitybetween 7 and 11 members has. A local mayor manages the local advice. The local advice are selected directly by the citizens and citizens and are in their area to all important affairs to be heard. Beyond that it gives for the localityMarienburg a local chief as partners locally.

The urban districts of the city Hildesheim with their official numbers (the localities are characterized by a footnote):

  • 001 center
  • 002 new city
  • 003 north with tax forest
  • 004 south
  • 005 east
  • 006 Galgenberg and Marienburger height
  • 007 Drispenstedt ¹
  • 008 west
  • 009 Moritzberg
  • 010 new yard with Hildesheimer forest ²
  • 011 Ochtersum ¹
  • 012 Marienrode ²
  • 013 Sorsum ¹
  • 014 Himmelsthür ¹
  • 015 Bavenstedt ¹
  • 016 Einum ¹
  • 017 Achtum Uppen ¹
  • 018 Itzum ¹
  • 019 Marienburg

¹at the same time locality
² common locality of two urban districts

history

 Durch den Luftangriff 1945 zerstörter Umgestülpter Zuckerhut, ca. 1900
by the air raid 1945 destroyed inverted Zuckerhut, approx. 1900

in the place, where the age-old west trade with the east way light way (today about federal highway 1) traversed the internal one, existed probably already inbefore-Frankish time a settlement and a Heiligtum. After subjecting that Saxonia by Karl the large one was created in the context of the Christianisierung in the year 815 the diocese Hildesheim and established under bishop Altfrid the first cathedral. Bishop Bernward built thatRange around 1000 to a solid cathedral castle out. In the course of the city-historical development those became there screen end craftsman, dealer and citizen city Hildesheim in the following centuries an important community. Beside the old part of town within the range of the pc. - end developed for Andreas church12. Century in the year 1196 the dam city in such a way specified, an establishment from the Moritzkloster, and then in 13. Century (according to establishment document in the year 1220) a dompröpstliche new city - both contrary to the old part of town regular establishments and/or. Settlements, of themRegularity one compared to the old part of town this very day in the streetscape to recognize can. While the Altstädter got rid of of the economic competition in the west (dam city) in the Weihnachtsnacht 1332 by force, united often likewise old and after long, centuries coined/shaped by conflictsNew city only 1583 to “” a city - at least optically (resignation of the separating walls), because still until 1803 kept the new city their own municipal authorities. Already around 1300 the bishop had had to deliver its power over the city in fact, there itselfthe citizens their own municipal law including own seal gave. At this time the topographic development of the city was already final, their borders marked out and essentially fastened. Two centuries of changeful relations between legal city gentlemen, followed the bishop andits itself always far emanzipierenden subjects, the citizens and their advice.1367 joined Hildesheim of the Hanse . 1519 lost Hildesheim with the so-called. Hildesheimer pin feud large parts of its areas and thus also power in the region. 1542 found the reformationby the fellow combatant Martin Luther, Johannes Bugenhagen, introduction into the city. But the diocese Hildesheim existed both and catholic Diözese as and realm principality (high pin) further, and the cathedral as well as the monastic churches (pc. Michael) remained only partialcatholic. High pin the Hildesheim was secularized 1803 like all religious territories, which described Diözese Hildesheim again 1824. City and pin came under the rule of Prussia and 1807 temporarily under French sovereignty. 1813 became Hildesheim the Kingdom of Hanover assigned and 1815 became the city seat of an office, which belonged starting from 1823 to the again formed “Landdrostei Hildesheim”. The city enjoyed a certain independence however from the outset. The office Hildesheim was changed several times, among other things became 1852 municipalities thatneighbouring office Marienburg slammed shut, whose seat likewise was in Hildesheim.1859 was assigned to the office Hildesheim 16 municipalities of the dissolved office Ruthe.

Historical city plan of Hildesheim of 1910

1866 came Hildesheim with the entire Kingdom of Hanover again to Prussia. 1885 received the status of a circle-free city to Hildesheim and became seat of the district Hildesheim come out from the office Hildesheim as well as from the Landdrostei Hildesheim of governmental district Hildesheim come out. The district Hildesheim was several times changed in the future.

In The Second World War became the center of Hildesheim to 22. March 1945 through an allied bomb attack nearly completely destroys. The framework well-known as Nuremberg of the north - old part of town lay in debris and ash.

At 1948 the reconstruction of the city and their beganArchitectural monuments. Before 1946 were combined the 1885 developed district Marienburg with the district Hildesheim.

1970 became Hildesheim university city, when the “department of Hildesheim of the educational university Lower Saxony” took up its enterprise to Hildesheim. The incorporations of the 1970er years led to the rise thatNumber of inhabitants, so that 1974 the large city border was reached.

In the context of the circle reform in Lower Saxony 1977 the city Hildesheim the district Hildesheim was integrated, which was increased at the same time around the past district Alfeld (line ). 1978 took place finally the dissolution of the governmental districtHildesheim. Up to the dissolution of the district governments in Lower Saxony at the end of of 2004 the district Hildesheim belonged and with it the city Hildesheim to the governmental district Hanover.

2005: Silver with our city flowers up.

incorporations

following municipalities and Gemarkungenafter Hildesheim were integrated:

inhabitant development

Entwicklung der Einwohnerzahlen
development of the numbers of inhabitants

staturethe number of inhabitants of Hildesheim in the Middle Ages and at the beginning of the modern times due to the numerous wars, epidemics and hunger emergencies only slowly, accelerated itself growth with beginning of the industrialization in 19. Century. If the city had 1803 only 11,000 inhabitants, sothere was already 1900 43.000. Until 1939 the total population rose to 72.495. In the Second World War the city lost scarcely half of his inhabitants (33,000 persons). At the 1. Still 39,492 humans in Hildesheim lived May 1945. 1950 had the total population againthe Vorkriegsstand reaches.

At the 1. March 1974 exceeded the number of inhabitants of the city Hildesheim by the incorporation of several places the border of 100.000, whereby it became the large city. At the same time the total population with 107.629 achieved its historical highest level. At the end of September to 2005 livedin Hildesheim after updating of the national office of Lower Saxony for statistics 102,654 humans with main domicile.

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1833 it concerns usually around estimations, afterwards census results (¹) or official updating thatrespective statistic offices and/or the city administration. The data refer starting from 1843 to „the localpresent population “, starting from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to „the population at the place of the main dwelling “. 1843 ago the number of inhabitants became in non-uniform collection proceduresdetermined.

Year inhabitant
1270 5,000
1400 6,000
1450 8,000
1500 9,000
1648 5,500
1803 11,108
1817 11,585
1825 12,630
3. December 1849 ¹ 14,651
3. December 1855 ¹ 15,923
3. December 1858 ¹ 16,300
3. December 1861 ¹ 17.100
3. December 1864 ¹ 17,988
3. December 1867 ¹ 19,580
1. December 1871 ¹ 20,801
year inhabitant
1. December 1875 ¹ 22,581
1. December 1880 ¹ 25,900
1. December 1885 ¹ 29,386
1. December 1890 ¹ 33,481
2. December 1895 ¹ 38,977
1. December 1900 ¹ 42,973
1. December 1905 ¹ 47,061
1. December 1910 ¹ 50,239
1. December 1916 ¹ 47,364
5. December 1917 ¹ 46,164
8. October 1919 ¹ 53,499
16. June 1925 ¹ 58,181
16. June 1933 ¹ 62,519
17. May 1939 ¹ 72,495
31. December 1945 58,982
year inhabitant
29. October 1946 ¹ 58,973
13. September 1950 ¹ 72,292
25. September 1956 ¹ 84,695
6. June 1961 ¹ 96,341
31. December 1965 99,001
27. May 1970 ¹ 93,800
31. December 1975 105,290
31. December 1980 102,619
31. December 1985 100,864
25. May 1987 ¹ 103,449
31. December 1990 105,291
31. December 1995 106,101
31. December 2000 103,909
30. September 2005 102,654

¹ census result

Religions

Christianity

in the year 815 the diocese Hildesheim was created, and those Saxonian population of the area was christianisiert. Starting from approximately 1000 (petrol niche realm reform) the bishops were realm princes at the same time over high pin the Hildesheim. Its area was however very many smaller than the church Diözese, which extended far into the Lüneburger heath.

While the old part of town to the Archidiakonat pc. Andreas belonged, probably was the new city since that to 12. Century a special Archidiakonat under the Dompropst subordinates. In addition gaveit a Archidiakonat pc. Nikolai, to which the 1196 created dam city belonged.

Starting from 1300 the bishop lost large parts of his nationalwonderful force over the city, since the citizens gave themselves their own municipal law. Hildesheim became however never free realm city.

The reformation the advice of the city among mayors Wildefuer had for a long time resisted. After its death 1542 the fellow combatant Martin Luther Johannes Bugenhagen was called after Hildesheim, which introduced a lutherische church order.

Afterwards were pc. Andreas and St. Lambertias well as the monastic churches pc. Michaelis, pc. Pauli and pc. Martini lutherisch, during the cathedral, the pin church holy cross and the monasteries pc. Godehard and pc. Magdalenen remained catholic.

The bishop seat Hildesheim went down not, but exists, beside Osnabrück, as only inNorthern Germany since its establishment continuously away.

For the lutherische population municipal authorities of the city saw themselves to the city (including the new city) as owner of the nationalwonderful church regiment and a “highest bishop” and began as administrative authority a Konsistorium with city superintendenten .

By the cathedral with its personnel, the numerous monasteries as well as the population exchange with the surrounding, remained catholic pin villages Hildesheim was a mix-denominational city (approx. 1/3 catholic).

High pin the Hildesheim was secularized 1803. Also the Benediktinerklöster became pc. only now. Michaeland pc. Godehard, Mauritius pin, the Sültekloster and other remaining medal addresses dissolved and its reason and existing buildings of the monastery chamber supplied. City and pin area came under the rule of Prussia and 1807 temporarily under French sovereignty. 1813 became Hildesheim that Kingdom of Hanover assigned.

The lutherischen church municipalities of the city belong since then to the Evangelical-Lutheran regional church of Hanover. The city became seat of a Landessuperintendenten. Its office district is called today parish, which consists of several parish districts. The Evangelical-Lutheran church municipalities of the city Hildesheim belongtoday to the parish district Hildesheim Sarstedt. Within the regional church there is also a nationalchurch community.

Besides there is also a Evangelist-reformed church municipality in Hildesheim, which belongs to the Evangelist-reformed church.

The borders of the catholic diocese Hildesheim were again specified 1824. Until 1930 belongedit to the church province Cologne, then to the ore diocese Paderborn and 1995 was assigned it to the again created church province Hamburg (ore diocese Hamburg). The Pfarrgemeinden of the city belongs to the Dekanat Hildesheim, which consists of five Seelsorgeeinheiten.

Furthermore Hildesheim is the seatthe diocese of the Serbian-orthodox church responsible for completely Germany (in the quarter Himmelsthür).

Beside the two large churches there is also municipalities, which belong to free churches, among them a Evangelist-freechurch municipality (Baptisten), a municipality of the independent Evangelical-Lutheran church (SELK) one Free Evangelist municipality (SWEEP), a municipality Christi and a Pfingstgemeinde.

Beyond that also the church Jesu Christi of the holy ones of the last days and the Neuapostoli church is represented in Hildesheim.

Judentum

since the high Middle Ages gave itin Hildesheim a Jewish municipality, which possessed a representative synagog on the rag mountain since 1849. This was destroyed in the Reichspogromnacht 1938. In the course of the National Socialist racial policy the entire Jewish population Hildesheims was deportiert and killed nearly without exception in extermination camps.In the place of the old synagog today remarkable Gedenkstein stands. Only 1997 could again be created one< ref>Jewish municipality Hildesheim< /ref>, among which today well thirty families rank. This corresponds to about 113 members. A processing of history Hildesheims duringthe National Socialist rule accomplished by the University of Hanover< ref>Hildesheim in the national socialism - aspects of the urban history< /ref>.

politics

at the point of the city stood for 12 at the beginning of the bischöfliche Stadtvogt, but already asked the citizenry since that. Centurythe “burgenses” or “best one”, thus a kind mayor. An advice is provable since 1236. This had 36 members, from whom 12 each changed annually in the practice of the administration. Starting from 1345 a “mayor” is testified. 1635 became the number thatCouncillors to 9, starting from 1703 even to 6 reduces. With the transition the annual change in the advice ended to the city at Prussia. Up to then the administration of the old part of town and the new city was rather similar. Only the number of the advice was differently.1806 was finally merged old and new city and the city combined now was led by municipal authorities. This belonged a director of city as leaders, 1 police mayor, 2 police senators, 1 counsel and a 1 large treasurer, on. From 1808 to 1813 the French westfälische applied“Maireverfassung”.1815 introduced the Kingdom of Hanover a new urban constitution with an administrative and law municipal authorities, which was several times changed later, to the principle however to 1933 were maintained. With the education of the urban area Hildesheim 1885 the mayor received the title Mayor. During the time of the national socialism the city head was used of the NSDAP.

1946 introduced the military government of the British zone of occupation the municipal constitution after British model. Afterwards there was an advice selected by the people. This selected from its centerthe mayor as chairmen and representatives of the city, which was honorary active. Besides there were 1946 one starting from likewise full-time director of upper city selected by the advice as a director/conductor of the city administration.

Due to a change of the municipal constitution of Lower Saxony 2005 found a step-by-step selection for the first time of theMayor instead of, who is full-time active now and which takes over function of the director of upper city with. From the ballot to 2. October 2005 came out briefly making as a winner. It has at the 1. February 2006 its office begun.

Mayor and/or. Mayor 1803-1945:

Oberbürgermeister (city representative) 1945 to 2006:

the term of office ended to 31. January 2006. Afterwards the single-railed administrative model was introduced.

Director of upper city(Administrative boss) 1945 to 2006:

the term of office ended to 31. January 2006. Afterwards the single-railed administrative model was introduced.

Mayors (city representative and administrative boss) starting from 2006:

work on] coat of arms

the coat of arms of the city Hildesheim shows briefly in divided sign above in silver increasing blackergold-crowned eagle with black tongue and golden bill; down of gold and red squares. Holding on the gold-red bewulsteten Stechhelm also gold-red helmet covers a virgin increasing in gold-red square dress, in both hands a red-white squared Rosenkranz. On their goldenHair lies a red-white square Rosenkranz with a red and a golden straussenfeder. - The coat of arms became the city 1528 of emperor Karl V. lent. The coat of arms privilege is in city archives< ref>to the history of the coat of arms< /ref>. The city flag is yellow-red.

a partnership between cities maintains partnerships between cities the city Hildesheim with the following cities:

Economics and infrastructure

traffic

main station

by the eastern city of Hildesheim lead the federal motorway A 7 Kassel - Goettingen - Hanover. Furthermore the following federal highways lead by the city: B 1, B 6, B 243 and B 494.
Hildesheim had two stations and is ICE - stop. It is to Salzgitter Ringelheim - bath Harzburg /- resounds ( Saale ) , to Hameln - because of the lines Kassel - Berlin, Hanover - soil castle and Hildesheim - taught.The lines after Kreiensen, Seesen, Salzgitter Lebenstedt and Peine were shut down for the 1970er years. The main station is to be modernized in the next years completely.

Starting from 2008 Hildesheim will be attached to rapid-transit railway the net of the city Hanover. Planneda line of the airport is Hanover over the main station Hanover and Hanover fair/Laatzen after Hildesheim. A second distance will from the main station Hanover over taught after Hildesheim to run.

The public local passenger traffic (ÖPNV) several Buslinien serve of public utilities Hildesheim AG.

Over the so-called. Hildesheimer pass channel is tied up and had the city to the central land channel a small port including attached industrial area. In addition a small airfield in the north , which is strongly used in particular for times of the fair in Hanover , is.

Between that 7. August 1905 and that 22. The streetcars of the urban streetcar operated March 1945 in the city beside the cross-country line operated by the ÜSTRA.

resident enterprise

most important residents the enterprise is point of bosch blue. Of theFurther ones is the beverages hessian-of Lower Saxony GmbH & cost. Kg (HNG), of seven Germans a Coca-Cola - racking plants, in Hildesheim.

media

already in 17. Century appears in Hildesheim with the Hildesheimer relation one of the earliest newspapers in Germany.This newspaper is according to vacant literature data 1617 - 1632 to have existed, proven however only the classes 1619 - 1620 are. To 24. June 1705 follows then with the Hildesheimer relation Courier a further newspaper, those under the name Hildesheimer general newspaperthis very day appears. It is the oldest, today still appearing newspaper in Germany. The newspaper is since 1807 in the possession of the publisher family Gerstenberg.

Aus Hildesheim sendet der lokale, nichtkommerzielle Bürgerfunk Radio Tonkuhle.

public mechanisms

inHildesheim have the following supraregional important public mechanisms their seat:

  • Chamber of trade Hildesheim - chamber district are the districts (and/or. Partial districts) Hildesheim (I), Goettingen (II), Northeim (III), Osterode at the resin (IV) and Holzminden (V)
  • national audit office of Lower Saxony
  • national office of Lower Saxony for social, youth and family (“LS”, national social office)
  • national enterprise of Lower Saxony for water management, coastal and nature protection “NLWKN” (in former times: National office of Lower Saxony for ecology “NLÖ”)
  • national office of Lower Saxony for teacher formation and school development (“NiLS”)

education

  • University of Hildesheim; Originally there was a cathedral school in Hildesheim, from the 1643a philosophical-theological institute and 1887 finally a seminar for priests came out. 1946 were established in the neighbouring Alfeld (line) an educational university. From this mechanism 1978 the university Hildesheim followed, which 1989 became the university Hildesheim. 2003 took place the mechanism of the donationUniversity of Hildesheim.
  • Professional school Hildesheim/Holzminden/Göttingen; based 1971 from several predecessor mechanisms for handicraft, construction industry and Sozialpädagogik with the locations Hildesheim and Holzminden. 1974 were opened in Goettingen a further location.
  • Professional school of Lower Saxony for administration and justice; The professional school tookin August 1979 their enterprise up, after the federal state government had already seized 1974 the resolution to furnish the training for the career of the elevated service in the administration in the future as course of studies of a professional school. The professional school educates official candidates in the specialist areas general ones Administration, justice, fiscal administration and police out. It belongs thereby to the special professional schools for the public administration.


culture and objects of interest

Knochenhaueramtshaus auf dem Marktplatz in Hildesheim um 1900
Knochenhaueramtshaus on the market place in Hildesheim around 1900

theatre

museums

  • cathedral museum Hildesheim; This museum cares forbeside other important works of church art, also parts of the cathedral treasure.
  • Neisser local history museum
  • Roman and Pelizaeus museum; This museum is world-wide well-known by its excellent old-Egyptian collection. It possesses also beautiful old Peru a collection as well as important völkerkundliche and scientific objects.
  • City-historical museum in the Knochenhaueramthaus

of buildings and art monuments

of certifications of more than one thousand years of architectural work are to be found in Hildesheim. Since in the center of the city the hardly considered architecture of the time of the reconstruction prevails after the Second World War,show up the received historical buildings only as islands; so the modest Jakobikirche in the main business road, buildings of stones at the market place and the citizen church pc. likewise in the pedestrian precinct. Andreas, whose high-rising tower visibly marks the center of the city far away. Onlyoutside of the central purchase zone and close of the northwest and southern medieval city attachment architectural monuments of older time accumulate themselves up. There Mariendom and pc. lie. Michael and other important Sakralbauten and stand civil buildings of noteworthy quality. The cathedral and the Michaeliskirche standon the UNESCO - list of the world cultural heritage.

historical market place

Hildesheim, Marktplatz mit Rathaus und Rolandbrunnen, koloriertes Foto um 1900
Hildesheim, market place with city hall and Roland well, koloriertes photo around 1900
temple house in Hildesheim

at the Altstädter market got over that as only buildings city hall and temple house, even if substantially damages,devastating hail of bombs in March 1945. For in the 80's also the famous Knochenhaueramtshaus and the neighbouring office for baker (both half timbered houses) as well as fronts of other buildings to be reconstructed style fair could, offer since that time historical market place the routistic center mentioned of the city againthe closed picture of the former citizen and commercial centre.

cathedral

the first building of cathedrals originated in in 9. Century under bishop Altfrid. All follow-up's buildings rise on its foundations. After the war destruction by the large air raid to 22. March1945 were given up the Barockisierung of the cathedral and a reestablishment was accomplished in accepted “earlyRoman” forms. The bronze castings are world-famous from the time bishop Bernwards (993 - 1022): Bernwardstür (with representations from welfare history) and Christ column (with representationsthe acts Christi). Further treasures are the Heziloleuchter (novel. Leuchterkrone in the Vierung, “himmlisches Jerusalem”) and the lateRoman bronze baptizing wells. In addition the “thousand-year old” Hildesheimer rose stick is famous to the Domapsis, that the fire tower of the Second World War projected and the landmarkfrom Hildesheim is. The cathedral was so strongly destroyed that it after conclusion of the reconstruction to 26. March 1960 by the Hildesheimer at that time bishop Heinrich Maria Janssen again to be konsekriert had. The cathedral treasure is since 1985 world cultural heritage of the UNESCO.

Michaeliskirche

petrol niche church pc. Michael in Hildesheim - world cultural heritage UNESCO

pc. Michaelis became from bishop Bernward at the beginning of the 11. Century as its grave church begun and under bishop Godehard finished. The before-Roman (“petrol niche”) building concept connects thatThought of the “God city” with a geometrical-square space pattern. In 12. Century up to 2 all nave columns were renewed and in the first half 13. As well as century finally the west choir extends the painted nave cover (family tree Christi) implemented (Johannes summer dates inits book 1999 ISBN 3-7845-7410-6 into the years against 1200 and this justifies the west choir extension and the ceiling painting mainly with the fact that after that 1204 resigned to abbott Theoderich II. in the monastery no more personality gave, those capable of such achievementswould have been). Beside this ceiling painting as important piece of equipment the northern part of the lateRoman choir barrier remained . After numerous changes in the course of the centuries pc. became. Michael after the war destruction in the original shape again developed and by Glasfenster of Charles Crodel completes. It is one of the most well-known motives for photo of the city and can thus as urban landmark be designated. It is since 1985 world cultural heritage of the UNESCO and serves the city as motive for advertising on the brown signs at the motorway A7, since it remembers by its concise form more easily than the Hildesheimer cathedral.

pc. Godehard

St.-Godehard-Basilika
pc. - Godehard Basilika

the pc. Godehard Basilika became in 12. Century after the holy speaking of the Benediktinerabts and later Hildesheimer of bishop Godehard (God hard) thanbenediktinische monastic church in the high-Roman style delighted and is received until today without substantial changes (painting and equipment 19. Jh.). Parts of the examination range (east wing with chapter hall, south wing with latemedieval curved cellar areas) are received, however the southern space parts became with a structural alteration measurein the 2. Half 20. Century in the substance impairs. The church was raised 1963 to the papal Basilika minor.

pc. Andreas's

pc. - Andreas church, highest church tower of Lower Saxony

the pc. Andreas church, today Evangelical-Lutheran, is a market and a citizen churchin the gothical style. It was built around 1140 as Roman Basilika, which is received partly in the brick-work of the today's tower. For approximately 1200 it was pin church. The gothical building became 1389 - 1504 establishes. Here Johannes Bugenhagen led to 1. September 1542 the reformation in Hildesheim. The tower became end 19. Century on 114,5 m bricked, the highest church tower of Lower Saxony is belonged and thereby to the highest churches of the world. In the Basilika is onethe largest and most beautiful organs of Northern Germany with 63 registers and 4734 whistles, which the powerful church room lends an unusual sound volume.

music

so far in an urban villa at the edge of the center and in over 20 branches accommodated, has thoseSchool of music starting from 1.Dezember 2005 their domicile in the former Waterloo barracks 24 A found. Approximately 1800 pupils and pupil become from approx. 65 instrument all honouring forces informs. The age span reaches here from the “music plays for the youngest ones” (for 1 1/2-year old) up to the 98-jährigenPupil in the “Musiktreff for adults”.

The only firm Panflötenensemble Germany is resident in Hildesheim. As ensemble offer of the school of music Hildesheim registered association. the Panflötenensemble SYRINX exists since 2003 with at present 16 members.

night life

Hildesheim has a remarkable tavern density andhere a large offer of different style directions, whereby a spatial concentration within the range of the Hindenburgplatzes, the shoe route and the Friesenstrasse is to be determined and thus in direct city center situation; the moreover are isolate discotheques in the city and in trade areas and outlying districts.

regular meetings

  • January/February: Youth makes music to competition on regional level
  • March/April (before the Osterferien): Music school week
  • May/June (at Whitsuntide): Jazz festival
  • June: Hildesheimer protecting and people celebration
  • June until August: Summer church music in pc. Michael
  • summer holidays: Paddle courses for beginners and advanced kanuand environmental center of the schools
  • August: M'era Luna festival
  • Septembers: Farmer market (with salesopen Sunday)
  • December: Weihnachtsmarkt

culinary specialities

pastry

  • of the Hildesheimer Pumpernickel is a classical Weihnachtsmarkt - pastry and reminded opposite the conventional Pumpernickel rather onsüsslichen, spicy Zwieback.
  • The Hildesheimer tree cake of the baker Eppi Schwetje is famous the far over Hildesheimer borders of the Hildesheimer of country.

restaurants fruit places

Th. Angel-broken 1889 published the work of “Germany apple places “, in which he altogether688 sorts described. Are at least two special Hildesheimer apple places:

  • Hildesheimer gold Renette angel-break (1889), No. 534, S. 591.
  • Hildesheimer juice Renette angel-break (1889), No. 403, S. 451.


personalities

in the following articles are specified persons, those with Hildesheim inStand for connection:

characteristics

the Huckup

of the Huckup

of the Huckup (“squat on”) is, in accordance with an old Hildesheimer legend, a Kobold, thieves from the rear on the shoulder jumps (the bad conscience symbolizing). A monument by the Huckup, production by the Dresden sculptor Roeder 1905, stands for each thief at the southern end of the Hildesheimer pedestrian precinct for warning. In the old Hildesheimer flat stands therewritten:

Young, lat dei Appels stahn,
süs pack cover dei Huckup on/
Dei Huckup is EN strong yielded,
wood with dei Stehldeifs bad court.

the Himmelsthürer Weihnachtspostamt

in the post office of the Hildesheimer of quarter Himmelsthür (at that time still independentMunicipality) was furnished 1967 the first Weihnachtspostamt Germany. Thousands of children write 31137 Hildesheim” to today in each year letters “Santa Claus in Himmelsthür, and receive after some days an answer. With the Himmelsthürer Weihnachtsstempel cancelled Weihnachtssonderbriefmarken are world-wide collecting tank objectsfor Philatelisten. Recently the Himmelsthürer post office branch (“the himmlische post office”) was closed regardless of the world-wide admittingness and despite substantial protests by local politicians and the quarter inhabitant by the German post office AG. Child letters at the Himmelsthürer Santa Claus are however further answered.

literature

literature for the history of the city

  • Johannes Heinrich Gebauer, history of the city Hildesheim. 2 Bde., Hildesheim, Leipzig: Lax 1922, 1924.
  • German city book. Manual of urban history: Volume III Northwest Germany, 1. Volume Lower Saxony/Bremen - inOrder of the working group of the historical commissions and with support of the German city daily, the German standard ware and the German municipality daily, hrsg. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart, 1952
  • harsh ore Reyer, small history of the city Hildesheim. Hildesheim: Lax 1999, VIII, 131 sides.
  • Menno Aden, Hildesheim lives. Destruction and reconstruction. A chronicle. Hildesheim: Gerstenberg 1994. 240 sides.
  • Ina Seidels novel the unverwesliche inheritance plays majority in Hildesheim (“Gerdesheim”) and contains descriptive descriptions the Vorkriegszustands.

literature to churches

  • Michael Brandt, the buried angel.The choir barriers of the Hildesheimer Michaeliskirche. Finds and findings, Ausst. Kat. Hildesheim 1995.
  • Karin Heise, the Lettner of the Hildesheimer of cathedral - the sculptor art of the Münster workshops 1535-1560, 2 volumes, Hildesheim 1998 (= the Hildesheimer cathedral - studies and sources,Bd. 2,1 + 2.2).
  • Christiane Segers bell (Hrsg.), the cloister of pc. Michael in Hildesheim: 1000 years culture history in stone, 1. Aufl. - Hameln: Niemeyer, 2000, = writings of the institute for horn man; 2 and. Work booklets to the care of monuments in Lower Saxony; 20) ISBN 3-8271-8020-1
  • Johannes summers: The cover picture of the Michaeliskirche to Hildesheim. Supplemental Reprint of the first edition Hildesheim 1966 together with a critical overview of the seitherigen research 1999. 344 S., 241 fig., folding board. King stone i. Ts. 2000. ISBN 3-7845-7410-6
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Literature to nature and landscape

  • Werner Mueller: Flora of Hildesheim. Reports of the Paul Feindt donation volume 3. Hildesheim 2001.
  • Heinrich yard master: Nature area inside valley. Reports of the Paul Feindt donation volume 4. Hildesheim 2003.
  • Hildesheimer and Kalenberger Börde. Nature and landscape in the district Hildesheim.Reportsthe Paul Feindt donation volume 5. Hildesheim 2005.ISBN 3-8067-8547-3

literature to Hildesheimer legends

  • Karl kind of soaping: Legends from city and pin Hildesheim. Hildesheimer of books of local history and geography 1. Booklet, given change of H. Flower. Hildesheim 1913.


sources

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Work on []

Web on the left of

Wikinews: Hildesheim - current messages
Commons: Hildesheim - pictures, videos and/or audio files


 

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