|of these articles acts of the yard castle in Vienna, to the yard castle in Innsbruck, sees yard castle (Innsbruck).|
the yard castle in Vienna is the former imperial residence. From 1438 to approximately 1580 and of 1620 until 1806 it was following the residence of the kings and emperor of the holy Roman realm of German nation, the residence of the emperors from Austria to 1918. Today it is the seat of the Austrian Federal President.
The oldest parts originate from that 13. Century andby the last Babenbergern or by Ottokar Přemysl were probably put on. The castle of the Austrian national gentlemen was before with the place at the yard, in the proximity of the Scot pin.
This oldest castle in form of a square corresponds for instance to the today's Swiss yard. Thereis also the gothical (in 15. Century converted) castle chapel and the vault (a branch of the art-historical museum), in which among other things the Herrschaftsinsignien of the holy Roman realm (Reichskleinodien) is kept and dock ore around Austria. Also the yard band has there its seat carrier.This Swiss yard became at present emperor Ferdinands I. in the Renaissance style converted. Admits is the red-black Swiss gate, on that the titles emperors Ferdinands I. enumerated and the Insignien of the fleece medal is shown. Underneath this Traktes for a long time the yard kitchen was accommodated.
Not connected with it, but toComplex the yard castle belonging the stable castle, those is original as residence for Maximilian II. as Crown Prince one built. It is called, Ferdinand I. with his son bending to the protest anti-mash under a roof did not want to live. Later it accommodated the art collection of ore duke Leopold William, the art-intimate brother emperor Ferdinands III., which forms a substantial part of the collections of the art-historical museum. Later it was then one of the stables for the imperial horses (therefore it the name) and today is still there accommodated the Spanish yard riding school.
Opposite the Swiss gate the Amalienburg, designated after Amalie Wilhelmine, is the widow emperor Josephs I., however the more as one hundred years before than Viennese residence emperor Rudolfs II.in the late Renaissance style one built. The Türmchen with welscher hood and those are remarkableastronomical clock on the front.
The connection of the Amalienburg with the Swiss yard is the Leopoldini Trakt, like the name already says among emperors Leopold I. into the 1660er years builds. The architect was Filiberto Lucchese, after the Turk FE storage of 1683 became the Traktof Giovanni Pietro Tencala again developed and around a floor supplemented. From architecture this Trakt still attaches to the late Renaissance. Here are the offices of the Federal President. Below this Traktes and the Amalienburg was also the enormous wine cellar of the castle.
At first free standing upthe other side of the castle (with the today's Josephsplatz) the yard library was, those from emperor Karl VI. based and those was contained today the splendor hall of the Austrian national library. Their building of Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach was begun, the 1735 of its son Joseph Emanuel completely placed. In this splendid hall the book collection of the prince Eugen is, a Deckenfresko of Daniel Gran and emperor fixed images of Paul Strudel. This part is the artistically most meaning of the yard castle.
Other Koproduktionen between father and son Fischer von Erlach is those Winter riding school opposite the stable castle - where 1848 the first Austrian parliament met - and to the Reichskanzleitrakt opposite the Leopoldini Trakt. This was planned originally by Johann Lucas of Hildebrandt and accommodated the offices of the realm vice-chancellor, the actual “prime minister” of the holy Roman realm (the position of the Realm ore chancellor, when its representative of the realm vice-chancellors applied, already the archbishop of Mainz held ), as well as the realm yard advice since the Middle Ages. In this Trakt were after the end of the realm the apartments of the duke of realm city and last of emperor Franz Joseph I..
By Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach also the Michaelertrakt, the connection between winter riding school and Reichskanzleitrakt one planned. There however the old castle theatre in the way stood remained this plan for a long time unfinished and became only 1889 - 93 form changed easily by Ferdinand Kirschner in actuallybuilt.
In further consequence it came again and again to changes and adjustments, particularly 1763 - 69 under Nikolaus of Pacassi, which connected the yard library with the remaining castle and on the other side with the Augustinerkirche and created so the Josephsplatz, than onethe most beautiful places of Vienna applies. After the change of the Albertina into the 1820er years of Joseph Kornhäusel also it attaches from the other side to the yard castle.
1809 a part of the old bastions blown up with the castle in follow the war andsubsequently, geschleift. To the today's struggle race at that time new Vorwerke (the Hornwerkskurtine in such a way specified and the Escarpen) was integrated put on into those the klassizistische Burgtor. Within these 1817 newly established barrier walls were put on three gardens: the private imperial castle garden, the hero place as Rasenplatz with avenuesand the people garden with the Theseustempel, which comes just like the Burgtor from Peter von Nobile. A further cultivation from this time (already 1804) is the ceremony hall of Louis Montoyer, which stood out from the castle. It was felt soon as disturbing and nosementioned - today it is integrated in the new castle.
in the course of the urban extension after sharpening the Stadtmauern into the 1860er years came it to the last large extension of the castle. An emperor forum, a douple swing plant was planned over the struggle raceaway, with the twin museums (art-historical and nature-historical museum) as flanks and the old yard valley lungs Fischer von Erlachs as conclusion. Gottfried Semper and late Karl baron von Hasenauer held the construction supervision of this project . The museums were finished placed 1891, the remainder of the forummoved along itself however tormenting slowly, since there was no genuine need except representation.1913 were finished the southeast wing, the new castle to a large extent, the emperor forum was however finally put ad acta. So the hero place and the Maria Theresien place nevertheless developed. In the new castle are some museums (Ephesos - museum, yard hunt and preparation chamber, people customer museum) as well as the read halls of the Austrian national library and the internationally meaning conference center. On the hero place the rider statues of the two most important Austrian field gentlemen, prince Eugen von Savoyen and Erzherzog Karl stand. Of the balcony of the new castleto the hero place 1938 the connection was produced to the German Reich.
At sculptures still the rider statue is emperors Josephs II. of Franz Anton Zauner on the Josephsplatz as well as the statue Franz' I. to call on the internal Burghof of Pompeo Marchesi. After the completionthe Michaelerplatzes at the front two wells with sculptures were attached:The power to sea of Rudolf Weyr and power to country of Edmund Hellmer.
At the night of 26. November on the 27. November 1992 developed in the yard castle a major fire inRange of the Redoutensäle at the Josephsplatz. A part of the roof as well as the upper floor burned completely down. The renovation could be already locked 1997. In the again developed part are now winding and cover paintings of Josef Mikl.
Web on the left of
|Commons: Yard castle - pictures, videosand/or audio files|
- research project “the Viennese yard castle” (Austrian academy of the sciences)
- yard castle Vienna (vienna tourism)
- history of the Viennese yard castle (Austrian Präsidentschaftskanzlei)
- virtual Rundgang by the Viennese yard castle (Austrian Präsidentschaftskanzlei)
- yard castle congress center & Redoutensäle
- entry over „yard castle “ in the Austria encyclopedia of AEIOU
coordinates: 48° 12 ' 23 " N, 16° 21 '58 " O