Lage der Präfektur Hokkaidō in Japan
base data
administrative seat: Sapporo
region: Hokkaidō
island: Hokkaidō
Coordinates: 43° 6 ' N, 142° 34 ' O
43° 6 ' N, 142° 34 ' O
surface: 83.454, 08 ** km ²
%-water: 6,4 %
inhabitants: 5.627.424 (1. October 2005)
Population density: 67 inhabitants for each km ²
districts: 66
municipalities: 207
ISO 3166-2: JP-01
governor: Harumi Takahashi
official Website: www.pref.hokkaido.jp/index-e.html
** including the part of the Kurilen stressed by Japan.
prefecture flower: Potato rose
(Pink ones rugosa)
prefecture tree: Yedo spruce
(Picea jezoensis)
prefecture bird: Mandschurenkranich
(Grus japonensis)

Hokkaidō (jap.: 北海道, translates about: North Sea district) is the second largest island of Japan. Together with several surrounding small islands it forms the northernmost Prefecture of the country. Congruently with the prefecture Hokkaidō designates also a region in Japan.

The prefecture counted at the end of of 2005 about 5.7 millions Inhabitant, under it the indigene minority of the Ainu. The largest city, at the same time seat of the prefecture administration, is Sapporo.

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Hokkaidō is the homeland of the people of the Ainu, from their language many designations of the island, howfor example also the name of the capital Sapporo, result. Up to the Meiji restoration Hokkaidō was called Ezo. Briefly after the bosch in war 1868 a group stressed the island aforementioned by Tokugawa , from Enomoto Takeaki, as Republic of Ezo. This rebellionin May 1869 one struck down.


the prefecture Hokkaidō exists beside the Hauptinsel of many pre-aged islands in the adjacent seas, the Japanese sea, the Pacific ocean and the Ochotski sea. The highest collection formsthe Asahi with 2290 meters over Normalnull. In the south Hokkaidō borders on the Tsugaru road, which separates the island from the Japanese Hauptinsel Honshū.

Hokkaido is in a moderate monsoon zone, however with good reason cold winters. On the islandthere are active volcanos.

From Hakodate and Tomakomai a driving connection exists after Honshū. In addition both islands are connected by the longest tunnel of the world, 54 kilometers are enough for Seikan railway tunnel under the sea. Ports at the north side are Wakkanai and Abashiri.


to 25. September 2003 (19: 50 o'clock local time) the southwest of the island of an earthquake series became - 54 earth impacts up to 18. October over strength 4.5 on the judge scale - met. Quake to 25. September (Tokachi oki Jishin) had a strength of 8,3. It was the strongest quake in Japan since at the beginning of of 2001 and the altogether second-strongest in this earthquake-rich region.

administrative arrangement

the prefecture Hokkaidō is divided in 14 Unterpräfekturen. ThisManagement level resembles the governmental districts of the German Federal Republic and makes effective administration possible by means of branch offices of the prefecture administration, „Shichō “(支庁), also in for Japanese conditions very extensive and in the winter inaccessible parts of the prefecture.

  • Unterpräfektur Abashiri
  • Unterpräfektur Hidaka
  • Unterpräfektur Hiyama
  • Unterpräfektur Iburi
  • Unterpräfektur Ishikari
  • Unterpräfektur Kamikawa
  • Unterpräfektur Kushiro
  • Unterpräfektur Nemuro
  • Unterpräfektur Oshima
  • Unterpräfektur Rumoi
  • Unterpräfektur ski rubbing ski
  • Unterpräfektur Sorachi
  • Unterpräfektur Soya
  • Unterpräfektur Tokachi

largest one of places

Municipality inhabitant
1. October of 2000
1. October 2005
Sapporo 1.822.368 1.880.875
Asahikawa 359,536 354,988
Hakodate 305.311 To 294,212
Kushiro 201,566 190,477
Tomakomai 172,086 172,755
Obihiro 173,030 170,586
Otaru 150,687 142,165
Ebetsu 123,877 125,589
kit revision modification 112,040 110,594
Muroran 103,278 98,373
Chitose 88,897 91,439
Iwamizawa 85,029 83,202
Eniwa 65,239 67,611

see also

Web on the left of

Commons: Prefecture Hokkaidō - pictures, videos and/or audio files


  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)