Hollywood Ten

the Hollywood Ten is the name for ten actors, directors and film script authors, who were condemned around 1950 in the USA because of “un-American activities” to short terms of imprisonment.

The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) of the US house of representatives, the 1938 for the defense of National Socialist infiltration of American authoritiesfurnished was, dedicated themselves at the beginning of the cold war of the fight of communist propaganda in the film industry. After discussions with avowed opponents of communism, among them roll Disney and later president Ronald Reagan, arranged the committee a “black list” from approximately 100 persons,it as a communist suspected.

Eleven of these persons were loaded to Verhören. Among them was Bertolt break, which abstritt under oath any connection to communism and short time later to Zurich fled.

The other ten - Alvah Bessie, harsh ore Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, ring Lardner Jr., John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott and Dalton Trumbo - refused with reference to the first condition addition the statement and to 6 to 12 months detention were condemned. After the completion of theirDetentions found some of it in their occupations no more work.

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