|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Thuringia|
|central administrative body:||Calibration field - south resin|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 51° 29 ' N, 10° 24 ' O 51° 29 ' N, 10° 24 ' O
|surface:||6.79 km ²|
|inhabitants:||949 (31. Dec. 2004)|
|Population density:||140 inhabitantsfor each km ²|
|height:||350 m over NN|
|postal zip code:||37345|
|Kfz characteristics:|| |
|of official municipality keys:||16 0 61 051|
|administrative address:|| Pond route 1|
|Website:||Calibration field south resin|
|mayor:||Benno Mumdey (CDU)|
getting is one approximately 35 kmfrom the university town Goettingen removed municipality in the northwest of Thuringia (border region to Lower Saxony). Calibration field belongs to getting to the medium sized villages in the district.
Table of contents
getting is because of the foot of the ohm mountains in tallow approximately the Bode about 35 km far away from the resin. It is a heap village in such a way specified. In the south separates and the ohm mountain lies, with „the wild church “. The high chamber lieswest the place, where it by the sail valley of separate one separates. In the north the 486 m high sun stone over the village, in addition the grass forest rise up. Tallow approximately with the run of the Bode lies in the east. Here is a large potash stockpile, the something similarExtents like the adjacent mountains has. To getting 350 m lie over the sea level. Up to the east winds getting are protected by the mountains well from external influences. The soil consists of crystalline kinds of rock, like quartz, feldspar or mica. By the decomposition becamefrom the quartz sandy soil and from that kalifeldspatigem rock both clay/tone, and loam.
origin of the name
the research over the origin of the name getting decrease/go back in the antiquity. Evidence for it is above all documents from the monastery Gerode. The name „getting “is to come from the word „Hold “(= mild benevolent goddess or woman). This word can mundartlich in addition, as much as „gets “to mean, what would correspond „to the forest “. In old documents one finds also the name getting fertilizing. Whereby the expression in addition,again from „striking lungs “to come could. That is called „forest pasture at a slope “. From it it is to be concluded that getting a forest settlement one called. The villages with the ending „- “all ungen into an older settlement period were shifted. Around the fact it is possible that the emergence on the Kolonisationto lead back is. Perhaps the place already belonged before 531 to 2. Settlement period (all places with „- ungen “), when Franconias defeated Thuringia. Afterwards the north of the calibration field belonged to getting to the Saxonia, thus also. Also the Saxonian characteristics and peculiarities were taken over. Thus leaves itselfalso explain that a language border runs by getting. Humans speak here of Lower Saxony, while one speaks in the neighboring place Bischofferode upper-German.
coat of arms
the Mainzer wheel in the first quarter is located for the cure principality Mainz, in the third quarter is two crossedHammers those the potash mining in the environment symbolize. This was over many decades of enormous economic importance. In the second half of the coat of arms an illustration of the sun stone is to be seen. A collection close by the place is.
early history and Ersterwähung 1266
the establishment time Holungens are appropriate after documents monastery of the Gerode in the period between 531 and 800. In the following centuries there were many wartime situations in the place and in the environment. Heinrich I. strikes 933. Hungary to the Unstrut. 22 years later this succeeds also to its son Otto the large one on the Lechfelde. Afterwards peace turns in the country in. Between 1118 and 1120 the monastery Gerode develops. In this year the Thüringer land count Heinrich Raspe had died. It was of 1236 to 1247 national gentleman of a part of the Mark do-that-stede, the today's Duderstadt. Elizabeth of Thuringia was its sister-in-law. 1246 he could be selected to the Gegenkönig of Friedrich second. After its death one fought for the inheritance of the Thüringer of land count house, whereby getting one devastated.Many inhabitants fled in this time after Duderstadt. These assumptions are partly occupied by documents from that years 1266 and 1299. The documents of 1266 place also the first documentary mention Holungens under the name „to Haldrungen “there. Between 1350 and 1370 the village became againconstructed and Lohra belonged to the county . Since 1370 belonged getting then to the county Honstein and 1431 it became by exchange the monastery village of the monastery Gerode, which was destroyed 1525 in the course of the farmer wars.
the time up to the German Empire of
that Dreissigjährige war did not make also before getting stop and 1626 came it to large devastations by the army of duke Christian von Braunschweig. In the year 1701 Prussia became kingdom, but the calibration field, thus also getting were further subordinated to the cure principality Mainz. Against Friedrich that The calibration field carried and stood large ones out between 1740 - 1786 war services for Austria in the war against Prussia. Many Holunger were involved in these wars or could with the cure Main hissing Husarencorps be enlisted. Thus one finds also today still some Holunger master names in Vienna. 1802the calibration field was finally attached nevertheless at Prussia. This was at the 3. August, the birthday of the Prussia king Friedrich William III..
The Prussian rule held only four years and ten weeks, up to the years 1806 and 1807, in those for Prussia nearly completelyone destroyed. In addition half of the countries, as well as the great power position were robbed from it. In the year 1806 one lost the battle with Jena and Auerstedt, whereby Napoleon already took in the December of the yearly the two eichsfeldischen circles, thus also to getting under possession. Friedrich William thatThird fled with its wife and the prince after Memel. The Frenchmen required high deliveries, which had to carry the Holunger out over the monastery Gerode. 1807 came then the calibration field to the Kingdom of Westphalia with the capital Kassel. At the 1. January 1808 stepped the civilLaw book, „the code Napoleon “, into force. The Jungmannen had to carry war service out in the army of the Frenchmen now. In this time many troops marched by the calibration field and established themselves also in getting. After the liberty fights the calibration field belonged again to Prussia. Becameproduction and its own city and regional court received arranged laws to Worbis. Getting Gerode was assigned to the office for court. At this time had getting 650 inhabitants. 1841 received its first Kaplan to getting. Since that 28. January 1844 gave it according to the condition of the Kommissariats to each sunningand holiday complete service.
In the year 1848 there were many excesses in the circle Worbis, therefore in the villages citizen weirs were created, which were subordinated to the mayor. The weirs were equipped with Pieken, swords and rifles. One year later became the land register office completely in the district court Worbisfurnished. The Cholera looked for the circle Worbis in the year 1850 home. The neighboring place white fount had to register most dead ones, getting was only small concerned. In September 1855 the king visited many places in the circle. The calibration field had suffered much by the liberty wars, gave itHarvest failures and many diseases. Money for the reconstruction of some burned down houses received getting from it. To 2. February 1861 died king Friedrich William IV., his brother William I.stepped to his place. In the same year also the establishment of the contactor association and the development took placethe Chaussee over the grass forest. The Holunger was dissatisfied with this development, since another variant for the place would have been more favorable. In February 1865 there was a large process was therefore lost. The Chaussee led from Worbis across the sun stone after Gerode anda half hour was further as the old way. Getting was thereby nearly completely of the tourism final.
the time of the German empire
in the years 1870/1871 took place the war against France and Germany became to 30. January 1871, underthe Prussia king William I., Empire. The soldiers returned with the iron cross, the war intending coin and other earnings/service characters. Developed many for war comrade shanks and later a Kriegerverein one based. In getting the acceptance of emperor Wilhelm was very high. This lay to large partsalso to it some Holunger (Josef Hildebrandt), of 1861 - a 1888 Kutscher of the emperor was. In this time had getting approx. 650 inhabitants, 2 nursery gardens, 1 Hirtenhaus, 1 school, 1 municipality Schenke and one fire-calibrate. In addition the place possessed 196 fields and approx. 500 mornings own country.
At the 1. April 1876 was appointed rector Friedrich Polak from north living the school inspector. A second teacher and a new school got getting was built. In the March of the yearly 1871 properties in the entire corridor were measured. Was by the different altitudes itpossible that there were differences in the measurements, but in 232 cases the permissible difference was exceeded. In 100 cases it amounted to even the double of the permissible one. The owners gave the country to the separate ion procedure and let it afterwards be returned, thus those becameCorridor makes smaller.1906 came out that getting 180 fields surface were missing, which were actually registered in the land register. 1925 were booked doubly the country, once for the forest treasury and on the other hand for the municipality white fount. Objection raised getting, however without success.
In June 1890 one created an association of building of churches in getting, one year later with the building of the church was begun. The stones for it were broken in one been obvious quarry (pain mountain). A teacher from getting learned plays with young humans and played on the neighboring villagesfor the structure of the church. To 20. June 1893 became it by bishop Dr. Augustinus Gockel inaugurated. One year after came the register office from Bischofferode to getting. 1895 were built the road toward Bischofferode, to getting received support from the national's building inspection Mühlhausen. In the year 1896the place received a new church organ. One year later hit lightning into the church tower, thereupon to be repaired kept getting had a new church-bell simultaneous, because the old had jumped when ringing. In the year 1899 the Holunger singing association was created. 1908one began Thomas Müntzer with the Abteufung of the potash pit I for the Kaliwerk „“.
I. and II. World war
getting remained as far as possible exempted from the direct happening of the two world wars. In I. World war had 160 Holunger to the weapons. 36 men did not turn no moreinto your homeland back. To its memory in the church under the tower a Gedenktafel was established.
In II. The getting of men fought to world war among other things in Poland, France and Russia. Altogether died in II. World war of 47 men from getting. The village onfelt itself the effects of the war only toward end. In the proximity a large aerial mine was thrown off and some fliers by the Air Force was shot. Remained as far as possible spared for getting by hostile Fliegerangriffen. Some citizens had to pay punishment, because they had colluded their windows not enough. In The German troops withdrew themselves spring 1945. And getting got to 14. March 1945 many soldiers of the Flak and infantry for quartering. From now on the municipality came into the combat zone. At the night of 9. to 10. April came it against 11.00 o'clock toCombat. Flak-Geschütze shot approx. 3 hours with longer interruptions on hostile fliers. The inhabitants Holungens and their houses, remained intact. At the 11. April began the advance of the American troops on getting. One day before the German troops fled. As the message of the advance of the Americansadmit became, approached the mayor and the Pfarrvikar to the moving forward troops. When approximating the first vehicle both men went toward the American soldiers and asked to spare getting. They explained that no more German soldiers were in the village and that a resistance Holungenswas not present. At the church tower the citizens had a white flag with red cross blow to leave.
The troop movement of the Americans lasted up to 18. April on. In the first 3 days the tanks drove continuously. The inhabitants were allowed only at noon of 12.00 o'clock - 13,00 o'clock, were completely destroyed all roads in getting use the main street. To 4. July 1945 then the Russian soldiers came to getting. the border was distant for 10 km to the American and Engländern. To 20. August took the majority of the Russian soldiers again and it offonly a small crew remained.
Kaliwerk by the very strongly
minted catholic faith in the calibration field , (particularly also in getting) the SED it had to seize getting around 1900 getting heavily in the calibration field foot. Nevertheless was the GDRpervasively. The situation additionally still thereby makes more difficult getting in the proximity of the border restricted area was. Already the neighboring villages Brehme and Jützenbach were within this zone. This several kilometer the inside the GDR handing area, intended the task potential refugees already farto intercept the actual border. As a tourist one was not allowed to enter. One had to live either there or to request to the attendance of relatives an appropriate access pass. Since many Holunger used and friends in the border restricted area had contacts were additionally made more difficult.
the today's Kaliwerk „Thomas Müntzer “was in the time of the GDR the most important employer in the region. From 1955 to 1961 the number of the workers of 25 rose to nearly 300. Still 1939 were the Kaliwerk supplier for the German wartime economy and were thereby „the armaments industry stage SS “equated. It was the only work, which 98 to 99% - iges chlorine potassium with highest degree of purity supplied. With these salts explosives and other materials important for the war could be produced.1977 received the potash salt for its continuous quality the K1-Preiszuschlag, two years later got onethe quality mark „Q “. Starting from 1985 the work was the exclusive manufacturer of seat-back verse plates for the waiting castle. In addition rooflights and potash fertilizers were manufactured. 1993 were terminated the enterprise in the Kaliwerk. The locking of the Kaliwerkes provided at that time country widely for attention there the potash buddies with many actions(Hunger strike, march to Berlin,….) is and the slogan „Bischofferode everywhere “on itself made attentive. The Kaliwerk was of great importance for the lying close villages and made available meanwhile jobs for over 1000 humans. The economy of the region recovered only slow fromthis „shock “. Even if the Kaliwerk more is brought to the municipality getting with Bischofferode in connection was a majority of the working area in the area.
in getting after the turn some roads were reorganized. Many households got telephone and Gasanschluss, etc. InYear 1995 became II. Calibration fields Trachtenfest in getting celebrated. This celebration brought various adornments for getting, for example the place around the pond and the fire station was arranged new.
in the year 1900 counted getting 671 humans in 104 houses. Ineach house lived on average between 5 to 7 humans. Up to the beginning I. World war rose the number of inhabitants slowly. To the war this development of far went many humans refuge into getting searched there. From 1925 to 1940 these numbers became declining. During of theII. World war came then again many evacuated ones, then 1945 with 1092 humans were for the first time the one thousand-he border exceeded. 1947 reached the number of inhabitants their to today still largest value of 1332 humans. After this time the total population decreased/went back again slowly. 1964 lived still 1080Humans, in 315 families. The number of the extended families decreased ever more. In the year 1978 the number of the inhabitants was to 1983 again below 1000, this border was again exceeded. In the year to the turn 1990 it was still about 948, afterwards pegelte itself the numberaround the 1000.2001 lived 1005 humans in getting, at the beginning of 2003 was it only 978.
development of the number of inhabitants (31. December):
- data source: Thüringer national office for statistics
born in getting:
- Dr. Hermann Iseke (* 1856, † 1907) poet “calibration fields sang”and other works
- Anton Thraen (* 1843, † 1903) name giver of the Asteroiden “Eichsfeldia” and “Photographia”
resident in getting:
larger ones of associations in getting is the man singing association agreement, the Kirchenchor Sank Cäcilia, the association for local history Dr. Hermann Iseke getting, the Thomas Müntzer Kaliverein Bischofferode registered association., the Sportverein blue white getting and a group of young people of the Malteser youth Diözese Erfurt. Some traditions hand to in 19. Century back.
Successes could the Sportverein in the fist ball achieve. Here one becamewith a girl crew 2 times GDR - masters. In this kind of sport there are however no more activities. Within the football range the Männermannschft plays in the 2. Circle class. Also here can be looked within the youth range on some titles (circle master, circle Cup winner, resounding circle master) back. Due to birth-weak classes goesone for the moment however play communities with other villages (JSG Bodetal).
1864 were created in getting the contactor association. A reestablishment after the world wars was missing however. Nevertheless still another protecting route possesses getting. Something similar applies to those regionally well-known group of layman plays, those after the reunification stilla few performances had, afterwards however any longer did not arise.
Web on the left of
- everything over getting a page Holunger of young people over its homeland village
- pupil project a pupil project of the rule school Bischofferode over getting
arene living | Asbach Sickenberg | Berlingerode | Bernterode (Therapeutic bath holy city) | Bernterode (with Worbis) | Birkenfelde | Bischofferode | Bockelnhagen | Bodenrode Westhausen | Bornhagen | Brehme | Breitenworbis | Buhla | Castle forest | Büttstedt | Deuna | Dieter desert | Dietzenrode Vatterode | DIN gel city | Ecklingerode | Effelder | Eichstruth | Ferna | Freienhagen | Fretterode | Geisleden | Geismar | Gerbershausen | Gernrode | Gerterode | Glass-live | Grossbartloff | Grossbodungen | Live | Haynrode | Therapeutic bath holy city | Helmet village | Heuthen | High close other | High cross | Getting | Hundeshagen | Jützenbach | Kallmerode | Kefferhausen | Kella | Kirchgandern | Kirchworbis | Kleinbartloff | Kreuzebra | Krombach | Küllstedt | Leinefelde Worbis | Lenterode | Lindewerra | Lutter | Mackenrode | Marth | New city | Niederorschel | Pfaffschwende | Reinholterode | Tubing mountain | Röhrig | Preparation field | Schachtebich | Schimberg | Schönhagen | Schwobfeld | Seeping desert | Silver-live | Silkerode | Steinbach | Steinheuterode | Steinrode | Stöckey | Palpations | Teistungen | Thalwenden | Uder | People desert | Full fount | Growing EDT | Choice-live | Wehnde | Weissenborn Lüderode | Meadow field | Wingerode | Wüstheuterode | Ferrule