|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Lower Saxony|
|surface:||88.25 km ²|
|population density:||236 inhabitants for each km ²|
|height:||115 m and. NN|
|postal zip codes:|| 37603 |
|Geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 51° 49 ' N, 09° 27 ' O 51° 49 ' N, 09° 27 ' O
|municipality keys:||03 2 55 023|
of the local administration:
| New road 12|
|mayor:||Dr. Wolfgang Bönig (SPD)|
Table of contents
for the first time history Holzminden in 9. Century as Holtesmeni, Holtesmynne. The name meant not “Waldgeschmeide”, but comes of to the today's district town from menni = brook and originally designated not the place, but the 1922eingemeindete old person village (1275 antiqua mansion), a settlement at the large, of the Niederrhein by Westphalia to the east (Braunschweig and/or. Leipzig) prominent road, which crossed the Weser.
Beside the settlement old person village probably developed between 1197 and 1202 as market andTariff cities of the counts von Everstein the new facts plantatio (new establishment), whose regular plant is still clearly recognizable in the sketch.
1245 received the confirmation of its important city right to Holzminden by Otto von Everstein; since 1240 this is also in the possession of the castleat the Weser. End 16. Year dog ore the castle was given up and their ruins only 1860 were broken off finally. In its protection Holzminden did not walk however, like it for the majority of the cities applies, to one with towers reinforced Ummauerungaway, but was content with the retention of the initial simple port attachment (barrier and Palisade).
In the embittered arguments with the Welfen advancing since the state-legal acknowledgment of their national principality 1235 powerfully against the Weser line and their party men, the noble gentlemen of Homburg,the Eversteiner count 1408 alienated, the city remained since early 16. Century in the exclusive possession of the Wolfenbüttler lines of the braunschweigisch lüneburgischen house. Since 1815 under the designation duchy Braunschweig, 1918 to 1941 Free State Braunschweig).
In the future undertaken attempts,their economical position opposite the neighbouring Höxter (Corvey) to strengthen (among other things first bridge construction attempt 1619/1620), suffocated the dreissigjährige war. Holzminden was destroyed 1640 by imperial troops and down-burned and recovered only slow from it.
Inlively movement came Holzminden only again since center 18. Century due to determined structural and economic promotion (among other things Establishment of an iron work) by the mayor Johann George von Langen (1742 - 1763) and by the connection of the monastery school of Amelungsborn with the city school.
In mental regard that one sat down away with the effectiveness as rationalistic theologian and mathematicians meaning of the city minister and Titularabtes of Amelungsborn Johann Friedrich Ludwig Häseler (1775 - 1797) as well as with the establishment thatfirst German and to today oldest building trade school by the master of building of circles Friedrich Ludwig hair man 1831, (today the professional school Hildesheim Holzminden Goettingen, Specialist areas architecture and civil engineering, social work).
While once the native processing of wood and being played a considerable role, there is today different industries.
Already 1874 were created the smell and taste material - company Haarmann & Reimer, into who thatartificial Vanillinaroma was invented. In addition the Dragoco work came in the same industry. In the year 2002 the two companies fused to the enterprise Symrise. This very day Holzminden is considered as center of the German smelling off industry.
On the other one, further south and river upward the monastery Corvey is appropriate for western bank side, there begins North Rhine-Westphalia. Direct adjacent North-Rhine/Westphalian localities are Lüchtringen, steel and Höxter.
British twin city is Leven in Scotland.
Holzminden has 10 quarters: All home, hunger fount, old person village, Fohlenplacken, Limkerecke, Bülte, deer meadow, as well as the eingemeindeten being mill mountain, new house and silver fount.
local part new house in the being
sincelate 16. Century is provable in the place of the today's locality a nationalwonderful cattle restaurant yard (whey house, later all-domestic office before work). Besides builds duke Heinrich Julius of Braunschweig Wolfenbüttel 1599 the new house, the oldest of the actual hunting seats of the braunschweigischen dukes. Afterthe destruction of the extensive plant in the dreissigjährigen war, from which only foundation walls of the forestry house remained, the place attained historical meaning again since 1760. At that time became on the hannoveranischen side (circle Northeim) since the outgoing Middle Ageswith the lock and office Nienover connected landesfürstliche Stüterei to new house shifts. In their became in 19. and 20. Century the famous hannoveranischen Kaltblüter Isabellen bred.
Further south of new house, approx. , at a large meadow area close that removes 3 kmSource of awl found by a Mönnekendamm accumulated monk pond to the planning of the monastery Hethis to belong oneself is. Emperor Ludwig the pious one is to have intended the place here for the first monastery in the Saxonia country 816. Because of the inhospitableness of the area it becameagain however 822 by the Benediktiner monks again given up and in the Weser angle with Höxter as new facts Corbeia (Corvey) establishes.
Exactly like silver fount new house in the being belonged until 1932 to the circle Uslar. This became 1939 with the district Northeimcombined, so that also new house i.S. now to the district Northeim belonged. Only 1974 (?) both municipalities were separated.
of sons and daughters of the city
- 1866, 20. April, August Hampe, † 6.February 1945 in Holzminden, German politician (a party Braunschweigisch of Lower Saxony), MdR, MdL (Braunschweig), Braunschweigi Minister of Justice
- 1879, 29. July, Erwin Böhme, † 29. November 1917 with Zonnebeke, flighter pilot in the First World War with 24 air victories and carriers of theMedal Pour le Mérite
- 1897, 4. August, Adolf Heusinger † 30. November 1982 in Cologne, German general, general inspector of the German Federal Armed Forces and chairman of the military committee of NATO
- 1926, 8. November, Eberhard Itzenplitz, film director
- 1977, 5. July, Nicolas Kiefer, tennis player
other one with Holzminden in connection standing personalities
- Robert William Bunsen (* 30. March 1811 † 16. August 1899), German chemist, developed the Bunsen burner
- Uwe Schünemann, Minister of the Interior of Lower Saxony (CDU)and 1996-1999 mayors of the city Holzminden
objects of interest
- the Tilly house; here the field gentleman Tilly stayed during the dreissigjährigen war.
- The Luther church (formerly Marien church).
- The Raabebrunnen with the figure Klaus corner crusher from the book of local history and geography “holy fount” of the poetWilliam Raabe and its house in the golden angle.
- as well as one of the oldest and most beautiful market places of Northern Germany.
Holzminden is the international center of the smelling and taste material industry.
1874 Dr. put the foundation-stone for this branch of industry. William hair man, thattogether with Professor. Ferdinand Tiemann the synthesis of Vanillin - which type-giving taste material of the Vanilleschote - from the crust juice of spruces succeeded.
He was also the founder of the company Haarmann & Reimer, those together with also in Holzminden the residentsCompany Dragoco here alone more than 2000 coworkers busy. 2003 fused both companies to an enterprise:symrise, which is controlled by the Swedish financial investor EQT. Symrise stands also at the world point of the smell and the taste material production, with world-wide about 6.000Coworkers (approx. 2.700 in Germany).
A further world-wide well-known company has its Hauptwerk likewise in Holzminden, the warm water equipment manufacturer Stiebel Eltron with approximately 1,200 coworkers.
The BSN of glasswork works Holzminden with approximately 500 coworkers produces packing glass for the liquor and food industry. Special one Worth here on the high employment by waste glass one puts, in order to use energy and raw materials optimally.
1906 created the company Heyne & Penke with the purpose of the production of impregnated papers in Holzminden Benno Heyne and Heinrich Penke. Everything caughtwith the refinement from papers, which were certain for the sweet goods industry for the foodstuffs industry and in the special. Today Heyne & Penke can show a broad product range. Beside paper also further raw materials are processed such as plastic foils, aluminum and viscose foil.
The industrie and trade structure Holzmindens become beyond that higher performance from further partially internationally well-known companies of the electrical industry, electronics, glass manufacturing industry, mechanical engineering and the graphic arts industry as well as a large numbermedium-size handicraft, service and retail businesses crucially contributes.
Holzminden is tied up unfortunately very bad to long-distance traffic ways, and lies also very cut off to larger cities. Uniquely in Germany: One reaches motorways only after approximately. 1 hour drive. This means separatingness. The only oneDisco is the alpine max.
the Evangelist hospital with a capacity of over 200 beds lies close of the city center in the Forster way 34 and belongs to pro|Diako - getting thing. At the Krankanhaus is also the center emergency practice (ZNP)for the house-medical emergency service.
On the official side of the federal office for radiation protection  one can check the current radioactive load.
the so-called building trade school 1831 /32 were created by the master of building of circles Friedrich Ludwig hair man and are thus thosesecondaryoldest building school of Germany, today:Professional school Hildesheim/Holzminden/Göttingen of courses of studies: Architecture, civil engineering, real estate economy, international building, building chemistry, starting from 2003/04 also a part of the faculty social work and health. The professional school was renamed into the university for applied science and art.
The Campe High Schoolthe most important higher school is in Holzminden since 1760.
The land boarding school at the being with Holzminden is a nationally recognized High School with a nearly hundred-year history.
Besides still the professional training George of long school exists, at which one several school directions (e.g.: Higher professional school, BGJ,Specialized High School) to pursue can.
- Paul Kretschmer: The Weser Solling city wood min the like them became, which it is, 1981
Arholzen | Bevern | Bodenwerder | Boffzen | Brevörde | Deensen | Delligsen | Whose valley | Dielmissen | Eimen | Eschershausen | Prince mountain | Golmbach | Resounds | Hehlen | Heinade | Heinsen | Heyen | Getting mountain | Fell trees | Holzminden | Kirchbrak | Lauenförde | Lenne | Lüerdissen | Negenborn | Ottenstein | Pegestorf | Poll | City old village | Vahlbruch | Wangelnstedt