|situation of Honiaras|
|surface||5336 km ²|
|inhabitants||of 50,100 inhabitants (2003)|
|postal zip code|
|geographical situation|| |
of coordinates: 9º 26 ' S, 159º 57 ' O 9º 26 ' S, 159º 57 ' O
Table of contents
Honiara is mainly along a narrow coastal strip because of a port bay. Only few houses stand at the wooded slopes, which lock the narrow beach strip. Gives that accordinglyit only two main streets by the place: the Main Street and China Town. The houses are consisting low, often only of the ground floor.
the climate is tropical, the average daytime temperatures lies with equivalent lasting 28 degrees Celsius, thoseWater temperatures with 26 to 29 degrees. Damper periods are predominantly between November and April, these are not pronounced however not much. The average amount of precipitation per year is with 2,000 mm and thus somewhat lower than on the average the Salomonen (3,000 mm). To the comparison: the Niederschlagsmittelin Germany is about 760 mm.
economics and traffic
Honiara are international by an international airport , Honiara air haven (until November 2003 Henderson Airfield), which about 10 kilometers before the city lie, routistic opened. The airport replaced the American airfield from that the Second World War.
By a port the contact will keep upright to the local island world.
Honiara is the head office of the Solomon airlines and the South Pacific forum Fisheries Agency. Industry is in form of several beverage factories and a cookie factory. Export goods, those mainly over the sea routeare transported, are coconuts, Kopra and fish. The most important trade partners are Malaysia, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan.
the Salomonen are divided in ten different Gouvernements (corresponds to the German Lands of the Federal Republic); one of it is Honiara which administers from the Honiara Town Councilbecomes. Thus it is the surface-moderately smallest Gouvernment; the other nine administer the 997 islands of the state.
After violent unrests in the year 2000 the administration under the line of Australian teams is again organized and made functional. International groups, under it also European, support the structure inthe most diverse humanitarian ranges.
before establishment of the city raved here a bloody battle of the Second World War:the battle of Guadalcanal. The today's port bay of the city got its name Iron Bottom sound (German: Iron land register) after that about 50 warships, which were sunk here during the fights between Americans and Japanern.
After the income of the island by the Americans those developedCity approximately around a military basis. When the Salomonen became 1952 a British protectorate, the British explained Honiara in place of the past capital Tulagi as the seat of the government. As the Salomonen to 7. July 1978 into the independence to dismiss, remained Honiara seat of the government became.
After violent rebellions in the year2000 were repaired the protection of the population by called for Australian units, since the Salomonen has no own military. The Australians are, on requests of the government of the Salomonen, still in the country and in the place.
objects of interest
parliament building, inBuilding of 1993 in the form of classical Palmwedel circular buildings, offers a comfortable working environment to the 50 parliamentarians of the island state. The building can be visited after arrangement with the guards; there are not official inspection routes.
National the museum places daily its collections to dance, body painting and traditional weaponsforwards.
The Botani garden is admits for its large variety at Orchideen. Besides the collection of tropical shrub and rain forest plants is worth seeing.
schools and Universities of
- Honiara internationally School in Honiara (also for non--native); to 6. Class (degrees of 6); Instruction after curriculumof Queensland/Australia (since 2003; before it after new South Wales/Australia); about 150 pupils, of it about half of foreigners.
- University OF the South Pacific Solomon Iceland
- unreliable current supply (emergency power generators are usual)
- potable water supply at least partly over rain water cisterns on building roofs
- malariaendemically large
- garbage problem is in the roads
- medical supply is bad: 3-4 physicians with private practices; a hospital under Swiss line offers basic supply. Dentists: Basis supply; Specialist only abroad.
Web on the left of
- Hermann Oberli - chief surgeon in Honiara - which informs articles from the NZZalso over the present situation in Honiara
- general information of the FFA in English language